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Secularism and State Policies toward Religion: The United States, France, and Turkey Paperback – April 20, 2009

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Secularism and State Policies toward Religion: The United States, France, and Turkey + The Political Origins of Religious Liberty (Cambridge Studies in Social Theory, Religion and Politics) + Islam and Mammon: The Economic Predicaments of Islamism
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Product Details

  • Paperback: 334 pages
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press; 1 edition (April 20, 2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0521741343
  • ISBN-13: 978-0521741347
  • Product Dimensions: 9.1 x 5.9 x 0.8 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (2 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #597,831 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Editorial Reviews


"Professor Kuru's authoritative study, written with remarkable precision, asks taboo-breaking questions and provides iconoclastic responses to them in strict accordance with the maxim facta non verba. First, it shatters the deeply internalized myth that Turkish laïcité is unquestionably sui generis and thus cannot be compared with any other case. Second, it rebuffs the widely accepted premise that Islam and secularism are inherently incompatible, and that assertive secularism would therefore be the only working model for Muslim societies. Third, it clearly shows that in its application of assertive secularism Turkey has gone far beyond its historical model, the French laïcité of the Third Republic. This exemplary piece of scholarship further offers invaluable insight into the present-day tug-of-war over secularism in Turkey." - M. Şükrü Hanioğlu, Princeton University

"Kuru's work speaks to a wide audience. Substantively, it explains both the formation and policy consequences of various forms of secularism, which should interest scholars and students of a wide array of subjects. With a precise analytical framework and engaging historical narrative, it introduces the relevance of ideology to the study of religion and politics. It also combines deductive theory witha rich empirical analysis that is sensitive to the historical context. This book deserves high praise for managing to cross so many boundaries in such a sophisticated manner." - Middle East Policy

"...Kuru demonstrates that much can be gleaned from further study of these three constitutionally secular cases. Secularism and State Policies Towards Religion sets a new standard for such studies and should be required reading for anyone interested in the relationship between religion and state.... While Kuru focuses on three states, his theoretical framework is potentially applicable to a wider range of states. I believe the significance of this contribution will be seen in future studies of the role of religion in government policy in which I expect this book to become a required citation." - Jonathan Fox, Bar Ilan University, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion

"Kuru's... book is original, scholarly, and wide-ranging, lifting the account of the relationship between religion and politics in Turkey out of the normal single-country context or the simpler comparison with other Muslim societies. Readers whose main interest in the Turkish or Muslim context may be inclined to skip the chapters on the United States and France, but by doing so they will miss an important part of the book which should be illuminating reading for anyone concerned with the role of religion in modern democracies." - William Hale, School of Oriental and African Studies, Middle East Journal

"I recommend this book highly to anyone interested in church-state issues, or in the comparative study of religion and politics. Students of American politics could learn from the book as well, since it puts contemporary US church-state debates in a broader context." - Clyde Wilcox, Georgetown University, Journal of Church and State

"Professor Kuru's book is, no doubt, a major contribution to the international literature on the subject, as well as being a much-needed scholarly contribution to the current debates in Turkey, which often presents a picture of a dialogue of the deaf." Ergun Özbudun, Bilkent University, Insight Turkey

"Relying on an extensive list of legal and political documents, interviews with political elites, and existing research sources.... Kuru has produced an impressive body of research. He has shown effectively that ideology can shape preferences and frame debates.... Secularism and State Policies toward Religion helps us understand both the origins and consequences of the variety of secular states and the policies that result." - Roger Finke, Penn State University, Contemporary Sociology

"Secularism and State Policies toward Religion is a very well-written, well-organized, well-argued and easy-to-read book on an important and difficult topic: it is a comparative in-depth analysis of three different regimes of secularism." - Menderes Çınar, Başkent University, New Perspectives on Turkey

"Kuru's book is a priceless contribution to the cutting-edge debate on state-religion interaction... [It] is the best comparative book that has been published recently on contested state attitudes and policies toward religion... The book succeeds in incorporating an extremely nuanced understanding of each of the three cases without losing terminological clarity, analytical consistency, and theoretical depth." - Berna Turam, Northeastern University, International Journal of Middle East Studies

"...Kuru has produced a first-class scholarly volume with significant theoretical and conceptual contribution to the field of comparative politics, particularly concerning state-society relations." -Hasan Kösebalaban, Contemporary Islam

Book Description

Why do secular states pursue different policies toward religion? This book provides an analysis of the impact of ideological struggles on the public policy making process, as well as a state-religion regimes index of 197 countries. Specifically, it analyzes why American state policies are largely tolerant of religion, whereas French and Turkish policies generally prohibit its public visibility.

More About the Author

Ahmet T. Kuru is Associate Professor of Political Science at San Diego State University and formerly Postdoctoral Scholar at Columbia University. His dissertation received the best dissertation award from American Political Science Association's Religion and Politics Section. His book, Secularism and State Policies toward Religion: The United States, France, and Turkey received the Distinguished Book Award from the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion. His articles were published in World Politics, Comparative Politics, and Political Science Quarterly.

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Format: Paperback
Ahmet Kuru attempts to tackle a very complex question why certain states have state-religion policies that accommodate religion, while others have policies that create these parallel societies, a religious one and a secular one. Kuru uses historical analysis to detail three key cases: France, The United States, and Turkey. The three states in question were all founded by men of religious faith, yet they did not formally establish their religion as the absolute religion of the land. This commitment to secularism butts up against the quest for religious rights as enshrined in many states constitutions.

Secularism itself according to Kuru is not an absolute condition, in some states it has some flexibility, while elsewhere it remains largely impenetrable. Kuru’s ideas make sense intuitively in the state-religious policies debate, but the analysis is largely based on the policies of the state towards religion in education policies. It would be interesting to see what would happen if the focus of the study was changed to another public policy arena, but the focus on education seems appropriate because of the high visibility of the issue in the three countries under study.
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Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
This book is written by my Political Science professor and I like how he describes and explains secularist ideology. Very thorough but up to the point at the same time. I love it!
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