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Nyx, Nox or Night personified. Homer calls her the subduer of gods and men, and relates that Zeus himself stood in awe of her. In the ancient cosmogonies Night is one of the very first created beings, for she is described as the daughter of Chaos, and the sister of Erebus, by whom she became the mother of Aether and Hemera.
According to the Orphics she was the daughter of Eros. She is further said, without any husband, to have given birth to Moros, the Keres, Thanatos, Hypnos, Dreams, Momus, Oizys, the Hesperides, Moerae, Nemesis, and similar beings. In later poets, with whom she is merely the personification of the darkness of night, she is sometimes described as a winged goddess, and sometimes as riding in a chariot, covered with a dark garment and accompanied by the stars in her course.
Her residence was in the darkness of Hades. A statue of Night, the work of Rhoecus, existed at Ephesus. On the chest of Cypselus she was represented carrying in her arms the gods of Sleep and Death, as two boys.
Selene also called Mene, or Latin Luna, was the goddess of the moon, or the moon personified into a divine being.
She is called a daughter of Hyperion and Theia, and accordingly a sister of Helios and Eos; but others speak of her as a daughter of Hyperion by Euryphaessa, or of Pallas, or of Zeus and Latona, or lastly of Helios.
She is also called Phoebe, as the sister of Phoebus, the god of the sun.
By Endymion, whom she loved, and whom she sent to sleep in order to kiss him, she became the mother of fifty daughters; by Zeus she became the mother of Pandeia, Ersa, and Nemea.
Pan also is said to have had connexion with her in the shape of a white ram. Selene is described as a very beautiful goddess, with long wings and a golden diadem, and Aeschylus calls her the eye of night. She rode, like her brother Helios, across the heavens in a chariot drawn by two white horses, cows, or mules.
She was represented on the pedestal of the throne of Zeus at Olympia, riding on a horse or a mule; and at Elis there was a statue of her with two horns.
In later times Selene was identified with Artemis, and the worship of the two became amalgamated.
In works of art, however, the two divinities are usually distinguished; the face of Selene being more full and round, her figure less tall, and always clothed in a long robe; her veil forms an arch above her head, and above it there is the crescent.
At Rome Luna had a temple on the Aventine.
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