As a prisoner during the Holocaust, artist Erich Lichtblau-Leskly created stunning and sardonic colored-pencil drawings, dripping with gallows humor, that depict day-to-day life in Theresienstadt, the Nazi's 'show' ghetto. "They Shall Be Counted" stands as the first and most comprehensive catalogue of Lichtblau-Leskly's works and comprises three periods: the Theresienstadt period of 1942 - 1945; the postwar period of 1945 - 1948, when Lichtblau-Leskly and his wife returned to their native Czechoslovakia; and, the Israeli period, which began in early 1950s after their emigration and continued through the 20th century. "They Shall Be Counted" includes articles that, together with the high-quality reproductions of Lichtblau-Leskly's works, present the phenomenon of the Theresienstadt ghetto through the prism of a ghetto-pictorial diary or concise encyclopedia of mundane ghetto-life created by one of its prisoners. This catalogue chronicles both the particular and general predicament of ghetto prisoners as imposed by both petty Nazi officials and German-appointed Jewish leadership and captures the importance of humor as a vehicle for endurance during the Holocaust. Furthermore, the illuminating articles included with the artwork add meaningfully to our understanding of Theresienstadt.