• Provides a crosscultural and biological perspective on the nature of shamanism
• Develops biological models to explain shamanic universals
• Presents an evolutionary model of shamanic practices
• Provides a general foundation for understanding the biological bases of religion and illustrates why shamanism is central to explaining humanity's religious impulses
• Written by an internationally recognized scholar on shamanism
• Illustrates evidence of ancient shamanic practices
• A bibliography provides current and historical sources on shamanism
"Highly recommended. Lower-division undergraduates through faculty."
"Michael Winkelman's revised Shamanism breaks new ground in our understanding of the origins of religion, and the qualities that uniquely make us human. Drawing from evolutionary psychology, he shows how religious ceremonies evolved out of earlier, pre-human systems of ritual communication; how these 'costly displays' are adaptively beneficial; and how healing responses can be induced from shamanistic states of consciousness. The result is essential reading for anyone interested in shamanism, human evolution, the origin of religion, and traditional healing practices."
David S. Whitley, author of Cave Paintings and the Human Spirit: The Origin of Creativity and Belief