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Product Details

  • Paperback: 224 pages
  • Publisher: Zondervan (March 17, 2003)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0310245680
  • ISBN-13: 978-0310245681
  • Product Dimensions: 8 x 5.4 x 0.6 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 3.2 ounces (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 3.8 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (24 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #356,645 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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From the Back Cover

A discussion of various contemporary evangelical views of genocide in the Old Testament

Christians are often shocked to read that Yahweh, the God of the Israelites, commanded the total destruction—all men, women, and children—of the ethnic group know as the Canaanites. This seems to contradict Jesus’ command in the New Testament to love your enemies and do good to all people. How can Yahweh be the same God as the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ? What does genocide in the Bible have to do with the politics of the 21st century?

This book explores, in typical Counterpoints format, the Old Testament command of God to exterminate the Canaanite population and what that implies about continuity between the Old and New Testaments.

The four points of view presented on the continuity of the Testaments are: • Strong Discontinuity –C . S. Cowles • Moderate Discontinuity –Eugene H. Merrill • piritual Continuity –Tremper Longman III • Eschatological Continuity –Daniel L. Gard

About the Author

Stanley N. Gundry is executive vice president and editor-in-chief for the Zondervan Corporation. He has been an influential figure in the Evangelical Theological Society, serving as president of ETS and on its executive committee, and is adjunct professor of Historical Theology at Grand Rapids Theological Seminary. He is the author of seven books and has written many articles appearing in popular and academic periodicals.

C. S. Cowles (STD, University of San Francisco Theological Seminary) is professor of Bible and theology at Point Loma Nazarene University in San Diego, California.

Eugene H. Merrill (PhD, Columbia University) is distinguished professor of Old Testament studies at Dallas Theological Seminary.

Daniel L. Gard (PhD, University of Notre Dame) is dean of graduate studies and associate professor of exegetical theology at Concordia Theological Seminary in Fort Wayne, Indiana.

Tremper Longman III (PhD, Yale University) is the Robert H. Gundry Professor of Biblical Studies and the chair of the Religious Studies department at Westmont College in Santa Barbara, California, where he lives with his wife, Alice. He is the Old Testament editor for the revised Expositor's Bible Commentary and has authored many articles and books on the Psalms and other Old Testament books.

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50 of 54 people found the following review helpful By Richard A. Robinson on June 17, 2003
Format: Paperback
I'd give it 3 1/2 stars actually, if that were one of the options. This book, in a format of similar volumes, consists of contributions from four scholars who each give their point of view, followed by responses from the other three. Three of the authors more or less agree with one other in the reasons God commanded what the title dubs the "genocide" of the Canaanites (the reasons being those generally advanced by evangelical authors and given in the biblical text: to preserve Israel from idolatry, to judge the sins of the inhabitants of Canaan, etc.). Where they differ is in the meaning and application of "holy war" or "Yahweh war" for today. None believes we should engage in physical holy war, but for example, one author sees it as a model for spiritual warfare in the church.
C. S. Cowles provides a lively counterpoint to the other three, as his position is essentially that God never did command the destruction of the Canaanites, nor would he; he was misconstrued or believed to have commanded it, but God is love and would never condone such a massacre. Unfortunately, his responses to each of the other authors, is simply along the same lines: God is love as revealed in Christ, and is not someone who commands the massacre of whole peoples. He chastises Eugene Merrill for a "clinical" analysis of the situation, as though there were no place for exegesis or philosophical analysis of ethics. He appears to believe in the reality of hell, and the same arguments he marshalls against "Yahweh war" could be extended to an all-embracing universalism.
Recently I read the book "The Pianist," on which the recent movie was based. At the end, they include excerpts from the diary of a German soldier who had helped the author, Wladyslaw Szpilman, to hide and to survive.
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30 of 34 people found the following review helpful By Todd Grotenhuis on October 24, 2006
Format: Paperback
This book deals with one of the more difficult questions arising out of the OT narratives: How could a God of love, as he is described in the NT, order the wholesale slaughter of the Canaanites in the OT? The answers and analyses in this book are certainly thought-provoking. I wasn't sure I appreciated the book's frequent use of the term "genocide" to describe the Israelite's warfare, as this word tends to produce a very emotional reaction in people and is often assumed to describe an inherently evil act which has no regard for the value of human life. (And all the contributors deny that God ever does evil or that he lacks respect for human life.) The word "genocide" seems more like an attempt to appeal to sensationalism and capitalize on the events of Sept.11, than a completely accurate term for what happened to the Canaanites.

Also, each of the authors' chapters is heavily based on unproven presuppositions which he simply assumes to be true. Specifically:

--C.S. Cowles assumes that parts of the OT (namely, those ordering the warfare) either are not inspired by God, or that they completely misconstrue God's true intent (Cowles doesn't specify which of these options he prefers), to the extent that they are of little if any value to modern readers.

--Eugene Merrill assumes that a dispensational interpretation of the Bible is accurate. (While I understand that many people today are dispensationalits, Merrill simply assumes this scheme without proving it).

--Daniel Gard assumes that an eschatological theme exists in 1-2 Chronicles (spending more time commenting on implications of this theme, and tracing it through the rest of the Bible, than establishing whether it even exists in the first place).
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7 of 7 people found the following review helpful By tatemad on April 7, 2013
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
In this 4-views book on the Canaanite genocides. C.S. Cowles view is the radical view. The weakness of this book is that the other three views are very close to each other (kinda 3 against 1).

Cowles is asking us to selectively restrict certain OT texts. How do we decide which ones? He answers "Jesus" and even cites John Wesley. He trots out the expected NT verses calling for a lower view of the OT ("former is fading away," "(old covenant is obsolete) and will soon disappear," "we no longer see a poor reflection (of God) in a mirror." He says early Christians co-opted Jewish scripture, then labeled them as old, and finally set aside major parts of it as no longer relevant for their faith and life.

His sections on the NT soar and are awe-inspiring to read. He gets the significance of Jesus. He claims progressive revelation but he too easily gives up on OT texts, as I hope Gregory Boyd will not in his upcoming book ("The Crucifixion of the Warrior God"). Believe me, I'd rather ignore them (and I think the church largely has done exactly that!), but I'd like to join Boyd is viewing it ALL as inspired. I think we should at least try to view all these texts as inspired.

Cowles resembles Boyd at times. He says Sin is the destroyer, not God, which sounds a lot like Boyd. We all certainly agree with him on using a Christocentric hermeneutic.

The book is worth buying for Cowles's sections. The other 3 views are rather bland, and don't offer any solution (and this issue is a problem for college kids, today!! they need solutions!!) I think Cowles goes too far and am putting a lot of hope in Boyd's upcoming book.

I leave with two quotes that show Cowles' style and writing. He appears to be a character.
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