In this small book, originaly a letter, Guevara explains the various steps that individuals have in the revolutionary strugle. He explains the relation between a vanguard party and the masses, and focus on the echo that the party has to have on the masses needs. This is a key point in understanding Cuba and Socialism since in a one party sistem, the only way of having a participative democracie is by forcing the party to follow the peoples needs. More over, it's the view of a very tender and humane man, that differs greatly from the more known Stalinist Socialism.
Does socialism deaden individual freedom and creativity? Che Guevara, a leader of the Cuban revolution, answers this question in this 1965 article. He draws on the experience of that revolution. Guevara demonstrates that the individual reaches its highest creativity as part of the struggle against the exploitation and violence of capitalism. It is only through this process that the individual can reach his or her fullest development.
Why did Cuba survive the 'collapse of communism' ? Che Guevara explained that without a communist party, a genuine one which means led by the most politically conscious and self-sacrificing workers and farmers, leading a constant battle for workers' control and a higher level of consciousness and solidarity among the whole population, any revolution would slide back toward capitalism. The Cuban Communist Party is such a party: the only one in power anywhere since the 1920s.Thus, he predicted the collapse of Stalinism ( as opposed to communism).Cuba put his ideas into practice in the middle to late 1980s for the first time on a nationwide basis.It was this battle against bureaucracy and for workers' democracy that made Cuba strong enough to survive its severest economic crisis since the revolutionary triumph.Cuba is ready to aid as always any revolutionary movements that develop as a result of the present crisis of capitalism, and to aid the revolutions to come : its internationalism is intact. The basic line of march ,the ideas as a guide to action that make Cuba capable of mobilizing millions for socialism and the revolution in 2002 are outlined in this pamphlet.Workers and farmers everywhere who fight back against capital NEED THIS BOOKLET.