The list author says: "The history of the Jews in the South is rich and deep. Among the prominent Jewish southerners are David Levy Yulee, first Jewish U.S. Senator from Florida and a prominent citrus farmer and Judah P. Benjamin, U.S. Senator from Louisiana and a prominent lawyer and politician. Benjamin served in the Cabinet of Jefferson Davis and was a proud confederate. Once a political opponent accused him of being "an Israelite in Egyptian clothing," to which he replied: "It is true that I am a Jew, and when my ancestors were receiving their Ten Commandments from the immediate Deity, amidst the thundering and lightnings of Mt. Sinai, the ancestors of my opponent were herding swine in the forests of Great Britain." Anti-semitism played a part in the 1915 lynching of Leo Frank in the murder of Mary Phagan; and in the 1958 bombing of an Atlanta synagogue in retaliation for the rabbi's support of civil rights for blacks. "By 1800 there were about 2,000 Jews in South Carolina (overwhelmingly Sephardic and settled in Charleston), which was more than in any other U.S. state at that time , and more than any other town, city, or place in North America. Charleston remained the unofficial capital of North American Jewry until about 1830 , when the increasing number of Ashkenazi German Jews emigrating to America largely settled in New Orleans, Richmond, Savannah, Baltimore, and the north-east (particularly in Philadelphia and New York City), eventually surpassing the mostly Sephardic Jewish community in Charleston. South Carolina's liberal policy toward religious freedom helped establish it as a popular home for Jews. It also has the nation'a oldest Reform Temple.
"Leo Frank was the Jewish manager of a Pencil factory in Georgia when a 15-year-old girl named Mary Phagan was sexually assaulted and murdered. Public sentiment quickly focused on Frank as the only suspect,despite inconsistencies in the story of an illiterate Negro janitor. Frank was tried and convicted . A mob assaulted the jail, got him out and lynched him. His guilt was never established."
"South Carolina had more Jewish residents than any other city or state until about 1830, largely because of its liberal policy toward religion. It is the home of the nation's oldest Reform Judaism community."