Machine Screws, also referred to as Machine Bolts, are often used with nuts or driven into tapped holes. They come in a variety of head types and drive styles, but are generally available in smaller sizes.
Stainless steels are used for their corrosion resistance, high-temperature strength, scaling resistance, and low-temperature toughness. These properties account for their extremely wide use in practically every industry. Austenitic Stainless Steels are alloys of iron and carbon that contain between 16% and 30% Chromium, a maximum of 0.15% carbon, along with Nickel (or Manganese), and other alloying elements. The chromium, which helps develop a passive surface oxide film, provides corrosion resistance in stainless steels. Austenitic Stainless Steels are designated by a 3 digit SAE Stainless Steel Grade beginning with the number 3 (e.g. 304, 316). Another common naming convention for Austenitic Stainless Steels are 18/8, 18/10, 18/0, etc. where the 18 refers to the % of Chromium and 8 to % of Nickel contained in the material.
Stainless Steel 18-8 denotes 18% chromium and 8% nickel. Stainless Steel 18-8 can be formed and welded. Stainless Steel 18-8 is typically non-magnetic, though the material can become slightly magnetic when cold worked (cold working refers to altering the physical properties of the material without the use of temperature).
Pan head fasteners have a low, large cylindrical head with a high rounded top edge for higher tightening torques - these fasteners are often recommended to replace older head styles such as round, binding, or truss-head where possible. Vented fasteners have been drilled through their entire length to eliminate the possibility of virtual leaks caused by the trapped volume of air at the bottom of blind tapped holes. Common applications for slotted screws include woodworking, although the drive style is not designed to be used with power drivers.
A threaded fastener's size name includes information about the major external diameter, followed by the threads per inch, which indicates if it is coarse or fine.