About the Author
Standard & Poor’s, a subsidiary of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., is the nation’s leading securities information company. It provides the respected Standard & Poor’s ratings and stock rankings, advisory services, data guides, and the most closely watched and widely reported gauges of stock market activity—the S&P 500, S&P MidCap 400, S&P SmallCap 600, and S&P Super Composite 1500 stock price indices. Divisions of Standard & Poor’s operate independently of each other. Standard & Poor’s®, S&P®, S&P 500® are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC.