Novel by Charles Dickens, published both serially and in book form in 1859. The story is set in the late 18th century against the background of the French Revolution. Although Dickens borrowed from Thomas Carlyle's history, The French Revolution, for his sprawling tale of London and revolutionary Paris, the novel offers more drama than accuracy. The scenes of large-scale mob violence are especially vivid, if superficial in historical understanding. The complex plot involves Sydney Carton's sacrifice of his own life on behalf of his friends Charles Darnay and Lucie Manette. While political events drive the story, Dickens takes a decidedly antipolitical tone, lambasting both aristocratic tyranny and revolutionary excess--the latter memorably caricatured in Madame Defarge, who knits beside the guillotine. The book is perhaps best known for its opening lines, "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times," and for Carton's last speech, in which he says of his replacing Darnay in a prison cell, "It is a far, far better thing that I do, than I have ever done; it is a far, far better rest that I go to, than I have ever known." -- The Merriam-Webster Encyclopedia of Literature
Charles John Huffam Dickens; 7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic. He created some of the world’s most memorable fictional characters and is generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period. During his life, his works enjoyed unprecedented fame, and by the twentieth century his literary genius was broadly acknowledged by critics and scholars. His novels and short stories continue to be widely popular. Born in Portsmouth, England, Dickens was forced to leave school to work in a factory when his father was thrown into debtors’ prison. Although he had little formal education, his early impoverishment drove him to succeed. Over his career he edited a weekly journal for 20 years, wrote 15 novels, five novellas and hundreds of short stories and non-fiction articles, lectured and performed extensively, was an indefatigable letter writer, and campaigned vigorously for children’s rights, education, and other social reforms.
Back in my high school English classes, I often didn't care much for the assigned reading. However, one book that I did really enjoy at the time was Charles Dicken's 1859 classic A Tale of Two Cities. Having not read it since, I decided to pick it up again and see how it stood up. I once again enjoyed it, but not as much as I did back then. This is, largely, because I'm not the same person as I was back then (thankfully), leaving one of the main threads of the book to speak to me less than it did then.
The novel spans from 1775 and the outbreak of the American Revolution and its effects in London to 1793 and the height of the Reign of Terror of the French Revolution in Paris. As is typical of Dickens, there are a lot of characters. The main four are Sydney Carton, English lawyer and ne'er-do-well, Charles Darnay, a French noblemen who dislikes the actions of his class and lives in London and - it just so happens - looks just like Carton, Dr. Alexandre Mannette, just released from 18 years of unjust imprisonment in the Bastille, and Dr. Mannette's daughter Lucie, who helps him recover, later marries Darnay, and is the subject of Carton's unrequited love.
Of these main four, Carton and Dr. Mannette are interesting characters. Carton struggles with trying to make something of his wasted life, and with his affection for Lucie. Dr. Mannette and his return to himself is likewise an interesting character arc. Unfortunately, Darnay and Lucie are less compelling. Darnay is mostly just kind of "there" with no real highlight except for his confrontation with his evil uncle the Marquis, and an unfortunate lapse in judgement that leads him, a member of a noble family, to go to Paris in 1792. Lucie doesn't stand out much. She cares for her father and, later, daughter, and is the object of Carton and Darnay's affections. She doesn't really have much character of her own.
The secondary character are almost universally compelling. The Defarges, a winemaker and his wife in Paris, are leaders of the revolutionary patriots, with complex stories of their own. Madame Defarge, in particular, pretty much steals the scene whenever she shows up. Jarvis Lorry is a banker and friend of the main characters, and he's brave, savvy, loyal, and more world-wise than most. Jerry Cruncher and Miss Pross aid our heroes, and each have moments of brilliance. An unnamed seamstress appears late in the book and has more pathos in her short appearance than many books have between their two covers.
A Tale of Two Cities being Dickens, there are a ton of plot twists an unexpected revelations. Sometimes they seem to be a stretch, but, well, that's just how Dickens works, and pretty much every twist in fact is connected to a previous character or scene that comes back to be vital to the story. So, while it might be hard to believe that all these connections and surprises can fit into one story, Dickens makes them exciting and does a good job of justifying them in the buildup.
Dickens' language is fantastic. His description of the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror is particularly excellent. There are times he veers towards the wordy - though, by 19th century British standards, not especially so - but so often there are great lines, descriptions, phrases to be found in his prose that it's well worth it.
So, as I said at the opening of this review, I liked A Tale of Two Cities this time around, but less than when I read it in high school. The main reason, I think, is that a major part of the novel revolves around unrequited love. Now, you can imagine why this would be a topic that captures the attention of a teenage boy. It certainly did for me. However, at this stage of life, after being with my wife for over fifteen years, I am amply requited (is that even a real word?). So, some of the raw emotion of the book just doesn't work for me the way it did back then (which, really, I'd call a good thing, personally). This might not matter to anyone else, but it took me a while to put my finger on just why I wasn't as into A Tale of Two Cities as I was the first time I read it, and I think it's interesting how a book can speak to the reader in different ways depending on where they are in their own lives.
I listened to Simon Vance's reading of A Tale of Two Cities. Vance is one of my favorite narrators, and he does another fantastic job with this book. He does great voices for each character. He has such a broad range it can be hard to believe at times that the elderly man of business Jarvis Lorry, porter and honest tradesman Jerry Cruncher, and the gentleman Charles Darnay are all being voiced be the same narrator. I definitely recommend Vance's reading to audio book fans. Also, by odd coincidence, I had just read Vance narrate another tale of the French Revolution before this book - Rafael Sabatini's Scaramouche, which was also a great book, well-narrated.
A Tale of Two Cities is a very good book, and a well-deserved classic. I recommend it to anyone curious to give Dickens a try. The plot is exciting, the language is compelling, and most of the characters are very interesting. I may not like it quite as much as I did as a teenager, but I still think A Tale of Two Cities is an excellent book, well worth reading.Read more ›
I studied this book in great detail while preparing for my GCE exams many years ago. However, re-reading it was quite a different experience, an eye opener for the mature reader. Now I am able to appreciate Dickens' writing far more and I shall certainly re-read more of his books. The details of the French Revolution were very educational and scarey in the sense that the atmosphere of fear and suspicion in France at the time of the Revolution still exist in many parts of the world today. It is a story of courage in the midst of chaos and distrust. It is also interwoven with love between father and daughter, husband and wife and, unforgettably, Sidney Carton's for the heroine.
A Tale of Two Cities is a book than can be read several times and still give renewed pleasure.
One of the hardest books to get into that I have ever read, but the ending gave me chills and I couldn't stop thinking about if for days. If you are stuck at the beginning and wondering if it will be worth it, I promise it is.
Get this on tape and listen to it 3-4 times to get the story characters clearly in your mind. It reads like fine poetry and takes you right into the awful atmosphere of the French Revolution with characters that become totally authentic whether they are feared or loved in this time of greed, poverty, anarchy and vengeance.