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Terrible Terry Allen: Combat General of World War II - The Life of an American Soldier [Kindle Edition]

Gerald Astor
3.9 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (11 customer reviews)

Print List Price: $18.00
Kindle Price: $11.84
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Sold by: Random House LLC

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Book Description

Terry de la Mesa Allen’s mother was the daughter of a Spanish officer, and his father was a career U.S. Army officer. Despite this impressive martial heritage, success in the military seemed unlikely for Allen as he failed out of West Point—twice—ultimately gaining his commission through Catholic University’s R.O.T.C. program. In World War I, the young officer commanded an infantry battalion and distinguished himself as a fearless combat leader, personally leading patrols into no-man’s-land.

In 1940, with another world war looming, newly appointed army chief of staff Gen. George C. Marshall reached down through the ranks and, ahead of almost a thousand more senior colonels, promoted Patton, Eisenhower, Allen, and other younger officers to brigadier general.

For Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa, Allen, now a two-star general, commanded the Big Red One, the First Infantry Division, spearheading the American attack against the Nazis. Despite a stellar combat record, however, Major General Allen found himself in hot water with the big brass. Allen and his troops had become notorious for their lack of discipline off the battlefield. When Seventh Army commander George Patton was pressed by his deputy Omar Bradley to replace “Terrible Terry” before the invasion of Sicily, he demurred, favoring Allen’s success in combat. At the end of the Sicily campaign, with Allen’s protector Patton out of the way (relieved for slapping a soldier), Omar Bradley fired Allen and sent him packing back to the States, seemingly in terminal disgrace.

Once again, however, George Marshall reached down and in October 1944, Terrible Terry was given command of another infantry division, the 104th Timberwolves and took it into heavy combat in Belgium. Hard fighting continued as Allen’s division spearheaded the U.S. First Army’s advance across Germany. On 26 April 1945, Terrible Terry Allen’s hard-charging Timberwolves became the first American outfit to link up with the Soviet Union’s Red Army.

Terrible Terry Allen was one of the most remarkable American soldiers of World War II or any war. Hard bitten, profane, and combative, Allen disdained the “book,” but he knew how to wage war. He was a master of strategy, tactics, weaponry, and, most importantly, soldiers in combat.


From the Hardcover edition.


Editorial Reviews

From Publishers Weekly

The son of a West Pointer and the grandson of a Spanish officer, Terry de la Mesa Allen (1888-1969) was admitted to the school only through the intervention of President Teddy Roosevelt. He later flunked out, but eventually managed to get a commission as a reserve officer after graduating from Catholic University. His first active duty was with the cavalry on the Mexican border before World War I. Astor (The Might Eighth) offers a careful resume of the course of WWI up to U. S. entry in 1917, followed by Allen's transfer from cavalry to artillery, where he saw action on various fronts, and was later awarded the Silver Star Medal for heroism. The 20 years of Allen's career between the wars-his marriage; his polo play for the 1920 Olympic team; his different service posts, his troubles with debt, his relations with George Patton and George Marshall-is covered in only one chapter. The latter later promoted Allen to general in 1940; Allen commanded the 1st Division during the invasion of North Africa in November 1942. Thereafter, Astor follows an effective chapter formula: background on the military situation, combat operations, quotes from Allen's letters about the fighting, his relations with other generals and others, as well as some recollections by veterans. Following his relief from command of the 1st Division (criticism of the division by other generals is included), Allen returned to the U.S., but eventually headed up another infantry division, the 104th. In late October 1944, the 104th battled its way through German defenses guarding the Reich, and joined in the invasion of Germany during March and April 1945, capturing Nordhausen concentration camp and reaching the Elbe River, where Soviet forces were met in late April 1945. Astor follows Allen's ups and downs with respectful candor, making this book a treat for WWII buffs in particular.
Copyright 2003 Reed Business Information, Inc.

From Booklist

An American divisional commander in World War II, Terry de la Mesa Allen was a darling of the press in 1942-43 but has been an obscure figure since then, known only to military historians. Astor could not have timed his revival of Allen better. Interest will have grown because of Rick Atkinson's An Army at Dawn [BKL Ag 02], which prominently features Allen. Astor is a sympathetic biographer, perhaps necessary compensation for the criticism Allen received in Omar Bradley's memoirs, but he does present the brass' gripes about Allen: lack of discipline of his First Division troops and, possibly, a personal drinking habit. Whatever the truth, Eisenhower heeded the complaints and had Allen fired in the middle of the battles for Sicily. Normally this would have been a career-ending setback, but Allen returned to command a new division. Readers will be impressed by Astor's care in researching Allen's upbringing, wounding in World War I, and the qualities that made him an effective leader who was popular with his soldiers. Gilbert Taylor
Copyright © American Library Association. All rights reserved

Product Details

  • File Size: 1751 KB
  • Print Length: 400 pages
  • Publisher: Presidio Press (December 24, 2008)
  • Sold by: Random House LLC
  • Language: English
  • ASIN: B001ODEQL6
  • Text-to-Speech: Enabled
  • X-Ray:
  • Lending: Not Enabled
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #645,234 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
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Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews
29 of 30 people found the following review helpful
2.0 out of 5 stars Terrible Book about Terry Allen August 4, 2003
Format:Hardcover
It should not be surprising that a book written by someone who is trained neither as a soldier nor a historian, about a consummate warrior like Major General Terry Allen, disappoints. It is most unfortunate, however, as Allen was one of the real characters among the US Army leadership in World War II and his life must have been a fascinating one.
This book reads like a first draft --one that cries out for a firm, knowledgeable editor who will cut the extraneous material and force the author to answer all the questions that could make this a great book. As only one example, before World War I Allen was sent as a new 2nd Lieutenant to the 14th Cavalry Regiment on the Mexican border. What was a cavalry regiment in 1914? How was it organized, trained,equipped and led? What was life in the 14th like? Where did the 14th Cavalry go and what did it do in the years Allen was with it? There is plenty of secondary material out there to answer these questions but scarcely a word in this book.
Allen claimed he participated in the last mounted charge with sabers by the US cavalry. This is a STORY. What happened? When? Where? Why? How? The author makes a silly try at connecting Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa's attack on US troops in Columbus, New Mexico, with inflated body-counts in Vietnam but the writer passes up another STORY and one relevant to Allen's development as a combat leader. Was Allen at Columbus? What happened there? What did Allen do?
Throughout we get page after tiresome page of Allen's letters to his wife, but little context. Why? What is the point?
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23 of 23 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Trickle-down Effect May 21, 2003
Format:Hardcover
Biographies of such prominent World War II generals as Dwight D. Eisenhower and George S. Patton Jr. continue to surface regularly. Rarely do corps and division commanders who wore two stars on their collars receive the honor of the historian's pen. Gerald Astor may perhaps be paving the way for a trickle-down effect with his most recent effort. Astor's subject is not an obscure name in the annals of World War II combat. Major General Terry de la Mesa Allen is perhaps best remembered for commanding the infamous 1st Infantry Division-The Big Red One-during the North African and Sicilian Campaigns. He, along with his deputy commander Brig. Gen Theodore Roosevelt Jr. were perhaps responsible for the belief among its troops that the U.S. Army was made up of the 1st Division and a few million replacements. Just as the Big Red One was at its zenith in Sicily, both commanders were relieved and reassigned; Roosevelt would land on D-Day with his 4th Division, Allen would command the 104th Division during the drive into Germany. This controversial decision between Patton and then II Corps commander Omar Bradley to relieve Allen could become the subject of a book in itself. But Astor gives his readers much more. Allen was an Army brat. His father graduated from West Point and led a relatively uneventful Army career and never saw combat. Allen would flunk out of West Point and gain his commission in the reserves. Allen's son, Terry Jr. would also attend the Academy and die serving in his father's old division in Vietnam. This legacy of professional military officership is a promising theme that does not quite come to full fruition in Astor's' book. It appears Astor could have done more with this concept than a few pages he devoted to the first and third generations of Allens. Read more ›
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20 of 21 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Best U.S. Combat Commander of W.W.II August 13, 2003
Format:Hardcover|Verified Purchase
"The Greatest Soldier of World War Two" - This is one of the many accolades said of Major General Terry de la Mesa Allen by other Generals who knew him. He has also been credited with being the best U.S. combat commander of WWII. There are quite a few similarities between General George S. Patton and Major General Terry de la Mesa Allen in that they both:
· trained at West Point (Allen did not graduate, but finished his education at the Catholic University),
· served in the U.S. Cavalry during World War I as officers,
· became generals during World War II,
· were aggressive in their campaigns and always attacked,
· lost commands for "political" reasons,
· and both were very controversial.
There were also definite differences between the two:
Whereas Patton loved the limelight, and never missed an opportunity to distinguish himself, Allen was very low key, shied from publicity, and who liked his liquor.
Patton graduated from West Point, Allen flunked out twice.
Known as aggressive fighters, Patton was not terribly concerned with casualties but Allen was continually looking to keep the casualty rate as low as possible.
While Patton and Allen were both outspoken, Patton tried to play the "Army" game...Allen did not play the game, which irritated his superiors.

Allen was loved and respected by the average "G.I." in both Army Divisions. He was considered the enlisted man's General. Terry Allen was the only American WWII general to train and lead into combat two Army Divisions:
The 1st Division (a.k.a. the famous "Big Red One"), and the 104th Infantry Division ("The Timberwolves"). Under his command, the 1st Division helped conquer Sicily.
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Most Recent Customer Reviews
5.0 out of 5 stars Five Stars
Great service and excellent product, I was very pleased.
Published 1 month ago by dann d.
5.0 out of 5 stars Five Stars
no problems
Published 2 months ago by james m hawkins
4.0 out of 5 stars Excellent history of a great infantry soldier
Terrible Terry was not only a great infantry soldier, he was an astoundingly effective tactician. About the only thing wrong seemed to be that some who outranked him didn't like... Read more
Published 6 months ago by Jack Rafuse
4.0 out of 5 stars Relief
Allen's relief appeared to be based upon Bradley's dislike of the lack of discipline in the lst Division yet he did not object to the assingment of the Timber Wolves. Read more
Published 12 months ago by Takio J Goshi
4.0 out of 5 stars Enjoyable and informative
This book could have been a bit more detailed, but overall an enjoyable book about a key figure in World War 2.
Published on July 25, 2011 by EJR
4.0 out of 5 stars Decent Biography of a True Fighting General
Gerald Astor's "Terrible Terry Allen" is a good but uneven treatment of one of the most enigmatic American commanders of World War II. Read more
Published on December 10, 2006 by A. Courie
3.0 out of 5 stars Missing in action
First, full disclosure. Had my father been home when I was born, I'd likely have been named Terry Allen Aubrey. Read more
Published on October 17, 2004 by Richard Aubrey
4.0 out of 5 stars Terrible Terry Alan: Underdog
I'm actually surprised Terry Allen was promoted to general. He didn't graduate from West Point, his discipline of his troops was lax in comparison to other generals, and he... Read more
Published on May 30, 2004 by Kcoruol
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