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Terror and Consent: The Wars for the Twenty-first Century [Paperback]

Philip Bobbitt
4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (29 customer reviews)

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Book Description

May 5, 2009
Philip Bobbitt follows his magisterial Shield of Achilles with an equally provocative analysis of the West's struggle against terror. Boldly stating that the primary driver of terrorism is not Islam but the emergence of market states (like the U.S. and the E.U.), Bobbitt warns of an era where weapons of mass destruction will be commodified and the wealthiest societies even more vulnerable to destabilizing, demoralizing terror. Unflinching in his analysis, Bobbitt addresses the deepest themes of history, law and strategy.

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Editorial Reviews

From Publishers Weekly

Starred Review. Bobbitt follows his magisterial Shield of Achilles with an equally complex and provocative analysis of the West's ongoing struggle against terrorism. According to Bobbitt, the primary driver of terrorism is not Islam but the emergence of the market state. Market states (such as the U.S.) are characterized by their emphasis on deregulation, privatization (of prisons, pensions, armies), abdication of typical nation-state duties (providing welfare or health care) and adoption of corporate models of operational effectiveness. While market states are too militarily formidable to be challenged conventionally, they have allowed for the sale of weapons on the international market, thereby losing their monopoly on mass destruction; furthermore they are disproportionately vulnerable to destabilizing, delegitimating, demoralizing terror. Bobbitt asserts that this situation requires a shift from a strategy of deterrence and containment to one of preclusion. States must recast concepts of sovereignty and legitimacy to define what levels of force they may deploy in seeking and suppressing terrorists. Domestically, the shift involves accepting that in order to protect citizens, the state must strengthen its powers in sensitive areas like surveillance. International alliances can be a major advantage in a war waged not against terrorists, but terror itself. Terror and Consent, the first work to interpret terrorism in the context of political theory, merits wide circulation and serious consideration. (Apr.)
Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.

From Booklist

With The Shield of Achilles (2002), constitutional law and nuclear strategy scholar Bobbitt argued, among other things, that the epoch of the nation-state is ending. Governments of the twenty-first century and beyond, he argued, will increasingly be “market states”: global, networked, decentralized, and considerably privatized states whose primary objective is to maximize the (primarily economic) opportunities of its citizens. With his latest book, Bobbitt examines at great length the relationship between the emergent constitutional order and the emergence of modern “market state terrorism,” which, mirroring the market state and availing itself of the same technological advances, may be lethal enough to pose an existential threat to the very possibility of government by consent of the governed. Arguing that America is indeed in a war against terror itself, not merely terrorists, Bobbitt finds the key to preserving states of consent lies in increased state power, increased multilateralism, and especially a strengthening of both constitutional and international legal restrictions on unfettered state action. Not just another book about terrorism, this is a complete theory of constitutional evolution and a sophisticated set of far-reaching policy prescriptions. Frequently digressive, incredibly erudite, and frustratingly difficult to pin down on the political spectrum, Bobbitt aims for the big picture and succeeds. --Brendan Driscoll --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.

Product Details

  • Paperback: 688 pages
  • Publisher: Anchor; Reprint edition (May 5, 2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 140007701X
  • ISBN-13: 978-1400077014
  • Product Dimensions: 5.1 x 1.2 x 8 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.1 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (29 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #116,399 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Customer Reviews

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Most Helpful Customer Reviews
23 of 24 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars New Laws for Counterterrorism ? June 2, 2008
Format:Hardcover|Verified Purchase
Since the time of the Treaty of Westphalia (1648), the nation state has been viewed as a "sovereign entity," designed to protect and promote the general welfare of its citizens. Now, according to Philip Bobbitt, in the age of globalization, this sovereign entity is becoming increasingly "porous." As nation states integrate into the global economy, the constitutional foundations dedicated to protecting their rights and liberties are no longer adequate. The new entity that is emerging is what Bobbitt calls the "market state," a term he borrows from a previous work, The Shield of Achilles, in which he traced the evolution of the nation state.

This new market state Bobbitt describes is no longer confined to a sovereign territory, it is a decentralized and privatized network of relationships. It has all the characteristics of a multinational corporation and it treats its citizens much like a consumers. The market state has many upsides in that it presents its citizens with unprecedented freedoms and opportunities.

This book, however, is about the downside of the market state and the opportunities it provides terrorists. Today's terrorist networks are a byproduct of the market state, indeed they are an opportunistic parasite of the market state. They harness its technology and networks to wage war against it.

Bobbitt is not a neoconservative, he is a law professor who sees the need for a new constitutional order that reflects the needs of this new market state. Although he supported the war in Iraq, he now emphasizes the need for stronger international alliances and a "commitment to globalize the systems of human rights and government by consent.
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53 of 66 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars A seminal work on terror, the state, and the law April 9, 2008
Format:Hardcover|Verified Purchase
The work is sophisticated and explores, among other things, how strategy must align with the rule of law if our policies on terror are to succeed. This is a good read and well ahead of the proverbial curve. You will see the themes of this book, again and again, in the popular literature on terrorism. Enjoy!

In the first page, Professor Bobbitt introduces a broad definition of terror which includes the socially debilitating effects of natural disasters, such as earthquakes, as well as man-made disasters, including terrorism and human rights violations. This is both an accurate and elegant definition - it encompasses things that diminish the human condition; and it is a practical definition in an age of transnational threats where multi-lateral action is a necessity. "We are fighting terror, not just terrorists." I like that.

Yet how does a state effectively and legitimately pursue such policies and enact such cooperation? This question inevitably raises strategic and constitutional issues.

Professor Bobbitt's approach compels a reexamination of strategy, which includes how we organize our resources and conceptualize intervention - peaceful or otherwise - in the highly complex and uncertain environment of the 21st century. And here he makes the case that the alignment of strategy with law is absolutely essential. Our response to terror must be from the legal high ground; which, one hopes, also corresponds to the moral high ground.

I especially liked his detailed discussion of bio-terrorism and the detailed rebuttal to the International Institute for Strategic Studies Adelphi Paper - Nuclear Terrorism After 9/11. This, in conjunction with the background surrounding the A. H.
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153 of 207 people found the following review helpful
2.0 out of 5 stars A PRIVATIZED WORLD AND ITS ENEMIES April 5, 2008
Format:Hardcover
Bobbitt graciously sent me a pre-production copy of this book. Unfortunately, the book is a complex and legalistic edifice based on several flawed assumptions.

To save you the time required to read it. Here's a synopsis.

The premise of the book is that we are in the midst of a transition to a market-based global order. This means that the nation-state (and even the entire notion of public governance) will be replaced by corporate surrogates (via outsourcing) operating on a global level. The basis for the legitimacy of this new order will be that it offers individuals more choices than ever before (the political parallel to a fully stocked supermarket). However, its emergence will be at the expense of minimal safety nets and communitarian efforts.

The enemy of this newly emerging market-based system, and the main focus of this book, are (naturally) terrorists. Terrorists, Bobbitt claims, fight us because they hate the choices provided to us by this emerging market-world.

The way they fight us is by limiting our choices through terror. Terror, in this context, is essentially theater. In this theater, disgruntled people (Islamic terrorists and beyond) will use the threat of flamboyant attacks to limit the choices offered by the market-world. Since the market-state will continue to produce ever greater levels of choice to an ever greater number of people, this clash is inevitable. Therefore, our societal objective is to harden ourselves (through smart legal maneuvers and investments in infrastructure) to limit the the levels of terror that can be produced by our opponents. By doing this, we can buy time as the market-world continues to expand to ever greater numbers of people.
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Most Recent Customer Reviews
5.0 out of 5 stars ... wars of the 21st century are going to be like and why they'll be...
Challenges conventional thinking about what wars of the 21st century are going to be like and why they'll be quite different than what occurred previously.
Published 4 months ago by Genma Saotome
5.0 out of 5 stars excellent
Bobbit's follow up to shield of achilles was top notch as was the predecessor. I highly recommend it. required reading for 21st century geopolitics
Published 14 months ago by david aronow
1.0 out of 5 stars Very superficial book
I was disappointed in this book and found it way too superficial especially for someone with the background of the author.
Published 23 months ago by Wayne Lusvardi
4.0 out of 5 stars MARKETING THE MARKET STATE
`Terror and Consent' deserves high praise for both insight and thoroughness. The insights are of an analytical rather than a revelatory kind. Read more
Published on February 24, 2011 by DAVID BRYSON
5.0 out of 5 stars Perhaps the most important book of the 21st Century
This extraordinary book, a follow-on to his seminal "The Shield of Achilles", recapitulates the nexus of changes in military science, strategy, and governmental epochs from the... Read more
Published on October 5, 2010 by Ronald M. Weintraub
5.0 out of 5 stars The history and development of terrorism, and changes necessary to...
This dense text reminds me of political science books in college. It uses a historical context of governments, and compares how wars were fought as governments evolved. Read more
Published on January 18, 2010 by Elihu Feustel
4.0 out of 5 stars A New American Strategy
In Phillip Bobbitt's book, Terror and Consent: The Wars for the Twenty-first Century, he argues that we are in a new world reality. Read more
Published on January 17, 2010 by Oliver Demille
4.0 out of 5 stars Provocative, Forcefully Argued, Prescription for Waging the War on...
Philip Bobbitt's "Terror and Consent: The Wars for the Twenty-First Century" is an especially provocative, powerfully-argued manifesto that can be seen as a "prescription" for... Read more
Published on December 10, 2009 by John Kwok
5.0 out of 5 stars Consent and Terror
This is one of the most important books of the past five decades. It assembles facts and offers insight and analysis that illuminiates the murky world of terrorism thaqt the Media... Read more
Published on December 12, 2008 by Roger M. Milgrim
5.0 out of 5 stars A book every politican/militaty leader should read and understand
Terror and Consent has opened my eyes and made me aware that warfare in the 21st century has changed drastrically. Read more
Published on October 15, 2008 by Richar S. Marks
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Terror and Consent: The Wars for the Twenty-first Century
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