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The Autism Encyclopedia: 500+ Entries for Parents and Professionals Paperback – January 15, 2005

ISBN-13: 978-1843103141 ISBN-10: 1843103141

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Product Details

  • Paperback: 256 pages
  • Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers (January 15, 2005)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1843103141
  • ISBN-13: 978-1843103141
  • Product Dimensions: 8.8 x 6 x 0.9 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 14.9 ounces
  • Average Customer Review: 4.5 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (2 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #11,478,866 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Editorial Reviews

About the Author

John T. Neisworth is Professor of Special Education and Director of the Early Intervention Training Program at Pennsylvania State University. Pamela S. Wolfe is Associate Professor of Education at Pennsylvania State University.

Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.

Excerpted from The Autism Encyclopedia, edited by John T. Neisworth, Ph.D., & Pamela S. Wolfe, Ph.D.

Copyright © 2005 by Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co. All rights reserved.


See augmentative and alternative communication. See alsoalternative communication.

See applied behavior analysis.

ABC analysis
See antecedent-behavior-consequence analysis.

A term used in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), its amendments, and its regulations (Assistance to States, 2003) to refer to environmental changes related to the education of an individual with disabilities, especially with regard to assessment of learning. See alsoadaptation, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). John T. Neisworth & Pamela S. Wolfe

Adrenocorticotropic hormone; seehormone therapy.

activities of daily living (ADLs)
Self-care tasks such as grooming, bathing, eating, bowel and bladder management, toilet hygiene, functional mobility, and device care. These basic life functions are used as benchmarks for independence. More complex life functions are clustered into instrumental activities of daily living, including care of others, community mobility, financial management, home management, shopping, and emergency and safety procedures. See alsofunctional limitations, functional outcomes, self-help skills. Winnie Dunn

activity-based instruction
Also called activity-based intervention. See embedded skills, naturalistic interventions.

Degree of clarity of sensory stimuli; physical ability of the sensory organs to receive input. The term acuityis used with reference to hearing and vision. Visual acuity is the accuracy of the eyes to see both close and distant objects (normal visual acuity is 20/20). Auditory acuity is the ability to hear with measured decibels. Normal auditory acuity (in which there is no negative impact on communication) is 0–15 decibels. Acuity can be corrected with glasses (for vision) and hearing aids (for hearing). Winnie Dunn

See Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (PL 101-336).

A change made to typical or standard environments or materials to accommodate differences in children's functioning. Adaptations can range from simple rearrangements of classroom furniture, to alterations to instructional materials, to more elaborate or high-technology adjustments designed to minimize the effect of a disability and optimize performance. See alsoaccommodations. John T. Neisworth & Pamela S. Wolfe

adaptive behavior
Typical performance on daily tasks and activities related to personal and social sufficiency. As individuals age, the types of adaptive behaviors they exhibit typically increase in complexity. Examples in young children include self-care (e.g., dressing), communication (e.g., verbal expression and reception), and socialization (e.g., relating to peers). Examples of adult adaptive behaviors include self-care (e.g., holding a job, managing money), communication (e.g., advanced reading and writing), and socialization (e.g., acting responsibly toward others) (Sparrow, Balla, & Cicchetti, 1984b). See alsoactivities of daily living (ADLs), adaptive skills, daily living skills, self-help skills. Krista Dalbec-Mraz & Julie Wolf

adaptive skills
Conceptual, practical, and social skills that permit a person to function in everyday life and to deal with, and change in response to, everyday environmental demands. Individuals with autism show a unique pattern of adaptive skills as compared with normative groups (Schatz & Hamdan-Allen, 1995). Such individuals typically have strong daily living skills but only intermediate comm

--This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.

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8 of 9 people found the following review helpful By Dennis Littrell HALL OF FAMETOP 500 REVIEWERVINE VOICE on October 10, 2005
Format: Paperback
The first thing to notice about this first of its kind book is the copyright date: 2005. It's completely up to date on a subject that very much needs to be up to date. The second thing to notice is the tag line on the cover: "500+ entries for parents and professionals." This is a good book for counselors, parents, grandparents, ministers and other people who are not specialists but who find themselves called upon to help people with concerns about autism.

The third thing to notice is the long list of contributors, that is, the professionals who wrote the entries. Professor Emeritus John Neisworth and Associate Professor Pamela S. Wolfe of The Pennsylvania State University are the editors of the book and the authors of many of the entries. However there are (I counted them) 123 other professionals who penned the mini essays that make up the bulk of the book. They come from all over the world and from a number of relevant disciplines. They are doctors, academics, therapists, teachers, heads of institutions, etc. Clearly this is an authoritative work.

Each entry is focused on how it relates to autism. For example the entry for "depression," signed by Britta Saltonstall, allows that "Study has demonstrated the co-occurrence of depression and autism." Note the careful terminology: "co-occurrence" instead of any other sort of linkage. However in their entry on the "Premack principle," Neisworth and Wolfe don't relate "Grandma's Law" (to do the less agreeable activity before the more agreeable one) directly to autism, noting only that therapists in general might want to require it of their clients.

Some of the language is technical and some of it is highly technical, and almost all of it is carefully hedged and qualified.
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0 of 1 people found the following review helpful By C. Ostryn on September 22, 2008
Format: Paperback
What a wonderful book. Well organized and full of useful information. A 'must-read' for anyone who is involved with individuals with autism. I couldn't live without this book.
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