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The First American: The Suppressed Story of the People Who Discovered the New World Hardcover – June 1, 2007

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Editorial Reviews

From the Back Cover

"Read Christopher Hardaker's shocking and enlightening book and you will realize that what we are taught about prehistory is often not the truth but a story fashioned by archaeologists to serve their own worldviews, careers, ego and interests. Hardaker does us all a service by exposing the facts and fictions behind conventional wisdom about the peopling of the Americas."
--Graham Hancock, best-selling author of Fingerprints of the Gods

"Famed British archaeologist Sir Mortimer Wheeler once said, `Archaeology is not a science; it is a vendetta.' Chris Hardaker gives a perfect example in his stunning blow-by-blow account of the attempts by the archeological establishment to dismiss and suppress the amazing date of 250,000 years obtained by geologists for the Valsequillo sites in Mexico."
--Michael A. Cremo, best-selling author of Forbidden Archeology

"As a scientist I am embarrassed that it has taken over 30 years for archaeologists and geologists to revisit the bone and artifact deposits of Valsequillo Reservoir. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, data were presented that suggested Early Man had been in the New World much earlier than anyone had previously thought. Rather than further investigate the discoveries, which is what should have been done, they were buried under the sands of time, in the hope that they would be forgotten.
Now we have at least five independent geological age estimates that all indicate an old, pre-Clovis age for the Valsequillo site. We have the choice of accepting the results as correct and concluding that the artifacts are greater than 200,000 years old or arguing that there is something significantly wrong with each of the geological age estimates."
--from the Foreword by Charles Naeser, geochemist, United States Geological Survey

About the Author

Christopher Hardaker earned an MA in anthropology from the University of Arizona and has worked as a field archaeologist for 30 years, dividing his research between the nature of stone tools and using simple geometry to explore architectural traditions ranging from Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, to Washington, D.C. He first learned of the "professionally forbidden" older horizons of New World prehistory in 1977 on a visit to the Mojave Desert's Calico Early Man site established by the legendary Louis S. B. Leakey. It was there that he first heard the name Valsequillo. He is currently analyzing the astonishing 60,000-plus artifacts from Calico.


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Product Details

  • Hardcover: 319 pages
  • Publisher: New Page Books (June 1, 2007)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1564149420
  • ISBN-13: 978-1564149428
  • Product Dimensions: 9.2 x 6.6 x 1.1 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.5 pounds
  • Average Customer Review: 3.7 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (14 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #1,338,217 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

58 of 65 people found the following review helpful By David Campbell on August 31, 2007
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
This is the best book on the skullduggery and infighting behind the scenes in the Pre-Clovis debate since Elaine Dewar's "Bones". The fact that the author has been a credentialed, practicing archaeologist for over thirty years adds additional weight to his commentary on a subject usually addressed by nonprofessional outsiders.

The primary source documents for this book were graciously made available to me about a year ago by Virginia Steen-McIntyre, a tephronologist member of the original Valsequillo excavations. In a weekly newspaper column I write, I did my best to synopsize the technical material in those documents for the lay reader but Chris Hardaker's distillation surpasses my own by an order of magnitude. In addition, Chris has ferreted out related but exceedingly obscure material that I have never seen in print before and likely never would have. This would include his account of recent discoveries of advanced tool making in the African Middle Paleolithic, Lorenzo's raid on the Smithsonian for the Armenta's inscribed bone artifact, and his personal account of suppression of student investigation of Carter's Texas Street Site by his California archaeology professor.

Accusations of archaeological coverups abound in the "fringe" literature and in my experience, the majority of them lack foundation. By the same token, over the years I have found a small core of these accusations have a very real basis in fact. Chris Hardaker covers these as well in "The First American" and goes into the mentality and politics that give rise to such baffling suppression. Still, in the end, Chris is left as puzzled as I am, as to why mainstream science would turn its back on its core principles.
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43 of 48 people found the following review helpful By Fritz R. Ward VINE VOICE on December 31, 2007
Format: Hardcover
Recently I attended a "science" methods seminar offered by the San Bernardino County Museum. Featured in the seminar was a simulated archeological dig that could be done with children. At my dig "site" I found some nails, and the presenter, modelling a good inquiry extension strategy, asked me, "What can you conclude from the nails?" "Well," I responded, "I would conclude that these were human artifacts, had I discovered them anywhere in the world except the Calico Early Man Site. But, had I discovered them at the Calico Early Man Site, I would conclude they are natural geological features." At this point my presenter asked what I would be doing at the Calico Man site in the first place.

As Christopher Hardaker demonstrates in this delightful little book, this exchange is illustrative of what regularly happens in archeology. So long as artifact finds can be dated within the "Clovis first" paradigm, they are accepted. But as soon as one uncovers earlier artifacts, they are simply assumed to be "geofacts" instead, and all further inquiry at the those particular sites are discouraged. For the record, many of the articfacts at Calico date to more than 20,000 years old, far older than the 12,000 year old Clovis culture that until recently was paraded as the oldest evidence of human habitation in the new world. Because of its association with Louis Leaky, this site figures prominently in Hardaker's book. But the bulk of the book is devoted to archeological digs around Valsequillo resevoir in Mexico. Here the dating of artifacts to more than 200,000 years has been confirmed by multiple lines of geological evidence, all of which has resulted in the archeological profession studiously ignoring their own finds at the various Valsequillo sites.
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32 of 41 people found the following review helpful By Mark Ledbetter on February 4, 2010
Format: Kindle Edition
EDIT: This was my first Amazon review, I think, and maybe I was a bit harsh. I should mention some of the good. You see in the fascinating story this book covers the turf battles between "objective" scientists, and also that fact scientists are just as likely as the rest of us to be bound by previous beliefs and reluctant to challenge the norm. You also get lots of fascinating archeology. All that makes the book good, but not necessarily right. Still, there's no way I can raise a fifteen dollar kindle book to four stars! END EDIT.

12,000 years ago becomes 40,000. That becomes 250,000. Now one reviewer is proposing a million.

12 certainly. Maybe 40. But if it's much over that we are probably not talking about Homo Sapiens. There are three fields of enquiry that, taken together, point to a sudden "big bang" in evolution that occurred in East Africa in a small group of hominids about 50-60 thousand years ago. Those first modern humans quickly proceeded to dominate the world and, we may assume, wipe out in one way or another the other branches of humanity, who were apparently no match for them.

The three fields are archaeology, linguistics, and genetics. What's fascinating is that all three arrived independently at roughly the same time and place for a hypothetical big bang. Of the three, linguistics is the most speculative. So speculative, in fact, that without corroborating evidence from the other two, it is close to worthless. (Most linguists haven't considered the corroborating evidence and have in fact considered it worthless, though that may be changing.) Linguistics is my field so I'll give a quick overview.

Linguists can reconstruct "proto-languages" by tracing back divergent but similar strings of grammar and vocab to a hypothetical parent language.
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