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20 of 22 people found the following review helpful
on January 17, 2001
It seems this book was born out of Laudan's attempt to categorize and make sense out of the foods in Hawaii. I was raised in Hawaii and grew up surrounded by the foods that Laudan presents in her book. Many of the local cookbooks put together and sold by Hawaii's churches, schools, and communities give you recipes from local home kitchens; nothing too fancy and usually no description of the dish, because it is assumed you know what the ingredients are and how they are used.
More than a cookbook, Laudan has written well-researched histories of how various local foods have developed throughout the islands before each main and sub sections (The Plate Lunch, The Matter of Mochi, Sorting Out Sushi to name a few). And, she includes a brief explaination of the dish before each recipe.
I bought this book hoping to shed some light on "crack seed" and how to make it. Unfortunately, it appears that she was able to get only the more well known recipes due to the fact that the main ingredient (oriental flowering apricot) is not widely available.
This book is a good resource, if not for the recipes, then for the history of Hawaii's local food for both non-Hawaii and island cooks. One caveat: a recipe found in a cookbook is no more than a base on which to add/subtract/change ingredients as you see fit. There is no such thing as "The Recipe" for teriyaki sauce - recipes vary from home to home and island to island.
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8 of 8 people found the following review helpful
VINE VOICEon May 10, 2009
Rachel Laudan has written a hymn to the plate lunch, a rhapsody on the theme of two scoop rice.

The presses are running hot with glossy books about Pacific Rim cuisine. Laudan says she has nothing against it, but she is interested in local food. The recipes that conclude each of the essays in this book include such fare as Okinawan pig's foot soup. You will not find anything with lilikoi-Maui onion-ginger salsa on top. (Lilikoi is the local term for passion fruit.)

For someone who had been in the islands only eight years (as a teacher of history of science at the University of Hawaii), she really knows her local grinds (but grinds, surprisingly, is not used anywhere in this book).

For Laudan, food is not just a way of keeping the body fueled. The way people east, their tendency to avoid strange foods, their willingness to make great efforts to maintain culinary traditions in new settings tell a big story.

In Hawaii, they tell a story of a creation of a successful multiethnic, multicultural society. She doesn't go as far as the historian Gavan Daws, who says, correctly, that Hawaii is the most successful multiethnic society on Earth, but she does note that in the islands, half of marriages are across ethnic or cultural boundaries.

Crossing food boundaries is just as significant, in her view. Local food is a meaningful development, the offspring of "a culinary Babel."

"There are few places in the world," writes Laudan, "where the creation of a cuisine is so transparently visible."

Well, yes, if you look, and this is where "The Food of Paradise" excels. I have at least a couple hundred Hawaiian cookbooks (only a fraction of the published total), but all of them together don't provide as much food for thought as Laudan's one volume.

While admirably thorough, she does stop short of of the extremes of local food -- neither milk guts nor finger Jell-O is mentioned.

One thing she has done is to compare different editions of local cookbooks. The changes in the recipes are revealing.

Take poke. (Pronounced po-kay, from a Hawaiian word, usually taken to be the word for slice, although this is controversial.) It is so common that surely it has been around forever, but Laudan says not. It seems to have been created around 1970, a typical (for Hawaii) melding of themes from several sources -- the main ones Hawaiian and Japanese, with minor notes from America and other parts of Asia. The result is pure local Hawaiian. (Poke is simply cubed raw fish, preferably ahi tuna, with minimal flavoring of onion or scallion or seaweed and possibly salt or shoyu; but since this book was published it has become a contest to devise the most unexpected combinations. There have also long been versions of cooked seafood, notably baby octopus.)

Local food, as an identifiable cuisine, "began to appear in the 1920s and 1930s," writes Laudan. She has done her homework, interviewing food preparers and vendors at what she calls Open Markets.

This is very much a Honolulu book. Despite being the most cosmopolitan place in the islands (if not in the entire Pacific), Honolulu also has preserved many more local food traditions than Maui has.

At the Aloha Farmer's Market, Laudan found fresh pig's blood, fresh chitterlings, dried fish poke and lomi oio. (You could occasionally find any or all of these on Maui, but not at the same time at the same place. If you ever encounter lomi oio, bonefish flesh scraped off with a spoon (an ancestor of poke), you are definitely out of the tourist zone.)

There are a few oddities here that reveal that Laudan is malihini, though a very simpatico one. She says shave ice is sometimes called ice shave on the Neighbor Islands. She talks about the days of "sleeper jets" (they weren't jets). She starts pineapple plantations much too early.

But Laudan does bring a verve, an extensive background as a world traveler and the skills of a professional reseacher to her book, which is easily the solidest work on local food there is.
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7 of 7 people found the following review helpful
THE FOOD OF PARADISE ~ Exploring Hawaii's Culinary Heritage
Rachel Laudan
University of Hawaii Press ~ 1996
296 pages, softcover

I must say that I was delightfully surprised when I received this book in the mail- I had expected just another Hawaiian cookbook, and that would have been great too. Instead, I found not only recipes that were not available, ad nauseum, in every other Hawaiian cookbook, as I do seem to have an over-abundance of these, due to my obsession with Hawaii, but I was happy to get a few history lessons, as well.

As many already know, besides the first Polynesian settlers to Hawaii, from the South Seas, Hawaii was settled by many diverse cultures. Certainly, the Asian influence is very heavy here: Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Filipino, and Southeast Asians. There is a big Portuguese and Azores influence too. Europeans came to conquer and subjugate, but most of their food culture was not so compatible with the climate. New World foods did do very well, and many of the common foods we associate with Hawaii actually were imported from the Americas, such as pineapple.

It seems that most Hawaiian residents are a mixed up combination of heritages and cultures, and they are very proud of that assimilation, and their food choices reflect that. The beloved comfort foods may have originated across the globe, but Hawaiians have reinvented them uniquely in their own way.

A few favorites that are now heritage dishes are Jook, a porridge soup, Musubi (see my SPAM review!), Saimin noodles (available even at McDonalds), Shave Ice, Malasada donuts, and Crack Seed, which even has its own store in Ala Moana mall.

This book has many great features beside the recipes: seafood made easy, a glossary, all about the water, rice savvy, and many black and white photos. I can show you a sample recipe here:

In Hawaii, after Thanksgiving, everyone makes JOOK

Ham & Turkey Jook (a rice soup)
yield: 1 gallon, or 8 big servings

3 cups rice, well washed and rinsed
3 ham hocks of a big ham bone
1 turkey carcass, broken into pieces
1 cup raw, unsalted, skinned peanuts
Garnish: lettuce; salted, preserved cabbage, Chinese parsley or cilantro, and finely sliced green onion

Combine rice, ham hocks, turkey carcass, and peanuts in a large pot, add about a gallon of water, bring to a boil, and cover. Simmer for a couple of hours until the rice has disintegrated and the meat is falling off the bones. Carefully remove the bones and any bits of meat clinging to them from the soup. Chop the meat into small pieces and return to the pot. Add salt to taste. Ladle into large soup bowls and sprinkle some of the garnish on each bowl. Delicious. Many Hawaiians eat this for breakfast.

A wonderful book, this will give you deeper insight into the food culture of Hawaii, but also appreciation for the way the foods transcended the racial problems each new ethnic group of immigrants encountered, and brought them all together to Paradise.

Fun times here, makes you hungry!
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8 of 8 people found the following review helpful
on December 29, 1998
Read this book before or after you visit Hawai`i, and you'll increase your appreciation of the people, the place and the food. As one born and raised here and of mixed ancestry, I treasure this book. The only significant group the author missed is the Puerto Ricans, and consequently some of the Afro-Carribean influences in our cuisine.
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5 of 5 people found the following review helpful
Professor Laudan, who is primarilly a philosopher of the history of science, has produced an outstanding book on the origins and background to Polynesian food. It is not supposed to be a recipe book, and Heaven knows what the reviewer who talks about "sherbert" was on about. That was not a review.

It is well-written, engrossing and in beautiful English, a real rarity nowadays. Richly deserved to win the Julia Childs Award for America.

I gather that Professor Laudan's long-awaited magnum opus, the World History of Food, will be ready soon. Should be excellent and ground-breaking.
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6 of 7 people found the following review helpful
on November 15, 1997
This book is not just thoroughly researched, but is very entertainingly written. For those of us who have been eating Local Food for years, but never really inquiring why we love it so, here is the unraveling of many a mystery. Our love of rice can be seen as a triumph of climate and culture, but the entire crack seed phenomenon is also excellently explored by an adventurous and appreciative non-Local.
Thank you, Rachel Laudan, for opening up our history and unique culinary explorations.
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4 of 5 people found the following review helpful
on July 21, 1997
Ms. Laudan did a terrific job on this book. It's an informative and enjoyable read. I more fully appreciate the rich diversity of the foods of Hawaii..
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9 of 13 people found the following review helpful
on August 11, 2000
Reading this book brought memories of a childhood partially spent in Hawaii flooding back. Rachel Laudan definitely seems to cover a the broad array of unique goodies that can be found in Hawaii; for instance, Hawaii is the ONLY place to truly appreciate shaved ice and the potential myriad of delicious flavors. Unfortunately, however, the recipes don't quite live up to expectation. I can remember one of my earliest memories in Hawaii -- I had made friends w/ another little girl at the beach and her family invited me to share in their cooked-at-the-beach lunch of steamed rice and teriyaki beef. It was sooo good and not something that my mom cooked for ME at the beach! I've been looking to re-create that taste and memory for a while and Rachel Laudan's teriyaki recipe falls far, far short. Her butter mochi recipe is also very heavy and greasy for my tastes (and I love mochi). Nevertheless, it's a fascinating account of Hawaiian cooking. I just wish the recipes were excellent, too.
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on June 30, 2014
My great-grandparents arrived in Hawaii when it was an independent republic more than a century ago. The cuisine Rachel Laudan describes in The Food of Paradise is therefore what I grew up eating. For the majority of prospective readers of this book who were not blessed to be keiki na aina (child of the land), take it from a Hawaii boy that her recipes, although somewhat simplified, are genuine. To my knowledge it is the first book to comprehensively (though summarily) review Hawaii’s unique cuisine and the origin of its eclectic foods. In my opinion she deserves the Julia Child award bestowed upon her.
However, the book contains at least one glaring error. On page 35 she describe Mauna Kea with its “white cluster of international observatories just visible on the summit” visible from Hilo. That is impossible. Hilo is on the eastern side of Hawaii island where the Mauna Loa shield volcano blocks any view of Mauna Kea. What she describes is the view of Mauna Kea when landing at Keahole Airport in Kailua-Kona on the island's western side. Laudan got her notes mixed up (understandable) and her editor, probably a Mainland haole, didn’t catch the mistake.
Laudan’s description of New Year mochi (glutinous rice cakes) making is accurate but incomplete. My grandfather built a square cinder block firebox in the yard and, using thick sheet metal cut to shape, fitted the round water boiler over the wood fire in the box. He put a small mound of salt in each corner of the sheet metal, a symbol of purity in Shintoism. (He also threw some salt on me to drive out the demons; it didn’t work.) Over the boiler were fitted two steamer boxes. The rice for the mochi was spread on a mat of round bamboo sticks of graduated lengths tied together with cord to form a circle that matched the steamer’s diameter. As grandfather determined that the rice was sufficiently cooked, the rice was taken to the stone mortar to be pounded into mochi.
Specific mochi making technique must vary because Laudan left out the first procedure. The two pounders held the mallets vertically so the handle was horizontal and mashed the scalding hot rice against the stone mortar. Only when the mashed rice sufficiently stuck together as single mass did we begin pounding as Laudan described.
Because I now live in the Deep South, “local grinds” (Hawaii food) cannot be purchased a block away at some drive-in or okazuya, but have to be cooked from scratch. The Food of Paradise is the single publication containing more of the recipes from home than any other.
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on January 6, 2013
This is a good book, not just a good cookbook. Reading about the food of Hawaii, and the Hawaiian people was worth getting the book.
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