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The Four Freedoms under Siege: The Clear and Present Danger from Our National Security State Hardcover – November 30, 2006

ISBN-13: 978-0275989118 ISBN-10: 0275989119

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Editorial Reviews

Review

"While George W. Bush proclaims regularly that his War on Terror is being fought for the advance of freedom, Raskin and Spero argue that his expansion of the national security state (a term first used by Raskin to describe Cold War America in 1967) is in fact undermining the four freedoms delineated by Franklin Roosevelt in his 1941 State of the Union address: freedom of speech, freedom to worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. They touch upon a wide range of issues in making their argument, including the PATRIOT Act, misconceptions about terrorism, voting rights violations, the religious right, economic inequality, and the mobilization of fear in the name of the War on Terror."

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Reference & Research Book News



"Raskin and Spero present a powerful indictment of the seemingly inexorable march of the US toward becoming a national security state in the latter half of the 20th century and most dramatically since 9/11. America has always had a tendency toward triumphalism and militarism, but in recent decades, and particularly under the current administration, these tendencies have increasingly undercut the core values of democracy and personal freedom. The reader is led through the government's systematic rejection of Roosevelt's Four Freedoms: freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. The authors decry unprecedented government secrecy and monitoring of the populace, increased poverty and economic disparity, and perpetual state of fear promoted by those in power--multiple attributes of a failed imperial state….[t]he authors' alternative vision of American democracy is visionary and serves as a useful foil for criticism of the existing state. Recommended. General readers and undergraduates."

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Choice



"Raskin and Spero take off from Franklin Delano Roosevelts proclamation of the Four Freedoms in his annual message to Congress, January 6, 1941 and apply them to present day America. These four freedoms are the freedom of speech, freedom to worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. It is not a pretty picture. It can be changed, and this book contains wise words for such liberations."

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Ralph Nader's Holiday Reading List Nader.org

Book Description

Addresses the hard questions of individual freedom versus national security that are on the minds of Americans of all political stripes and brings together the pivotal events, leaders, policies, and fateful decisions that have kept citizens on a roller-coaster ride from Franklin D. Roosevelt to George W. Bush and no doubt beyond.


More About the Author

Marcus Raskin (born April 30, 1934) is a prominent American social critic, political activist, author, and philosopher, working for progressive social change in the United States.
He is the co-founder, with Richard Barnet, and former Director of the progressive think tank, the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington, DC.

Government service
In 1961, Raskin was recommended by Harvard sociologist David Riesman and members of Congress to McGeorge Bundy, the former Dean of Faculty at Harvard and National Security Advisor to the newly elected president, John F. Kennedy. Raskin served as Bundy's assistant on national security affairs and disarmament as a member of the Special Staff of the National Security Council. In 1962, Raskin was a member of the U.S. delegation to an 18-nation disarmament conference in Geneva.

However, tensions ran high with Bundy, who supported the escalation of U.S. military engagement in Indochina at that time. These tensions led to Raskin's reassignment in the Bureau of the Budget, today the Office of Management and Budget, where he continued his service on the Presidential Panel on Education. On the panel, Raskin's passion for education developed as he wrote pioneering papers on the consequences of technology and the need for truly democratic education and scientific research.

The Institute for Policy Studies
In 1963, Raskin left government service, with Richard Barnet, a State Department official in the US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and the two pursued their common dream of creating an independent institution, outside of government, to critique official policy.

Much of Raskin's initial work with IPS focused on opposing the Vietnam War. He co-authored the Vietnam Reader with Bernard Fall in 1965, which was used in dozens of teach-ins across the country. In 1968, he was indicted--along with William Sloane Coffin, Dr. Benjamin Spock, Michael Ferber, and Mitchell Goodman--for conspiracy to aid resistance to the draft. The group became known as the "Boston 5." In the case, Telford Taylor, prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials, served as the defense attorney for Raskin. Not long after his acquittal, Raskin published the book Washington Plans an Aggressive War, with Barnet and Ralph Stavins. These two books would begin Raskin's critique of the national security state, a term he coined, which he would continue to assess critically in future works.

With the publication of his book Being & Doing in 1971, Raskin became one of the country's leading thinkers on the theory of "social reconstruction." Raskin's thinking was largely influenced by the work of American pragmatist John Dewey, French existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre, and the politics of the New Left. According to Library Journal, Raskin "foresees a peaceful process of non-Marxist reconstruction that will replace authoritarianism and the status quo with politics of the people and a redefined social ethic."

In 1977, after conducting a first study of budget and its spending priorities, 56 members of Congress, led by Congressional Black Caucus Dean John Conyers, requested that IPS undertake a deeper analysis of the federal budget. Raskin directed the project, which led to the publication of the 1978 book The Federal Budget and Social Reconstruction. In the 1980s, Raskin became a leader in the anti-nuclear movement as the Chair of the Sane-Freeze, now Peace Action, campaign. He also worked with labor leaders to organize the Progressive Alliance, a coalition of 16 labor unions and 100 public interest groups that laid out a progressive alternative political agenda.

Raskin continues as an activist and public scholar, serving as a Distinguished Fellow of the Institute for Policy Studies and serving on the editorial board of The Nation magazine. He also advises the Congressional Progressive Caucus and conceptualized the network of local elected officials that evolved into the Institute for Policy Studies' Cities for Peace project, which has coordinated hundreds of city council resolutions against the Iraq War.

Raskin's most recent scholarship includes serving as the editor of a series of books laying out Paths for the 21st Century. The goal of this project is to generate ideas and proposals, across disciplinary lines and founded upon Raskin's notion of reconstructive knowledge, which catalyze citizen action and help other scholars and activists pursue a progressive basis for a new society.

Personal life
Raskin has been married twice. In 1957, he married author Barbara Bellman from Minneapolis. They had three children: Erika Raskin Littlewood, Jamie Raskin http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamie_Raskin, Noah Raskin. They divorced in 1980. Barbara went on to write the novel "Hot Flashes" and later married author Anatole Shub. He currently resides in Washington, DC with his wife, Lynn Randels Raskin with whom he has one child Eden Raskin. He also has nine grandchildren. Raskin continues in his passion of classical music, releasing his first piano recording Elegy for the End of the Cold War in 2004.

Quotes about Marcus Raskin
"Raskin is an original thinker, who has been living what he writes through his work with IPS." - J. William Fulbright, 1991
"Marc Raskin remains an original voice for sanity and true democracy in running the nation's security affairs." - Seymour Hersh, 1991
"Marcus Raskin's analysis of our current condition and prospects for the future is thoughtful and humane, and eminently practical, touching on virtually every aspect of existence in a tour de force of remarkable skill and originality." - Noam Chomsky, 1986
Books
*(1962) The Limits of Defense, with Arthur Waskow *(1965) The Viet-Nam Reader: Articles and Documents on American Foreign Policy and the Viet-Nam Crisis, edited with Bernard B. Fall *(1965) A Citizen's White Paper on American Policy in Vietnam and Southeast Asia *(1965) After 20 Years: Alternatives to the Cold War in Europe, with by Richard J. Barnet *(1971) Being and Doing: An Inquiry Into the Colonization, Decolonization and Reconstruction of American Society and Its State *(1971) Washington Plans An Aggressive War, with Ralph L. Stavins and Richard J. Barnet *(1971) An American Manifesto, with Richard Barnet *(1974) Notes on the Old System: To Transform American Politics *(1975) The American Political Deadlock: Colloquium on Latin America and the United States: Present and Future of their Economic and Political Relations *(1976) Next Steps for a New Administration *(1978) The Federal Budget and Social Reconstruction: The People and the State *(1979) The Politics of National Security *(1986) The Common Good: Its Politics, Policies, and Philosophy *(1987) New Ways of Knowing: The Sciences, Society, and Reconstructive Knowledge, with Herbert J. Bernstein *(1988) Winning America: Ideas and Leadership for the 1990s, with Chester Hartman *(1991) Essays of a Citizen: From National Security State to Democracy *(1992) Abolishing the War System: The Disarmament and International Law Project of the Institute for Policy Studies and the Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy *(1995) Visions and Revisions: Reflections on Culture and Democracy at the End of the Century *(1997) Presidential Disrespect: From Thomas Paine to Rush Limbaugh - How and Why We Insult, Scorn and Ridicule Our Chief Executives, with Sushila Nayak *(2003) Liberalism: The Genius of American Ideals *(2005) In Democracy's Shadow: The Secret World of National Security, with Carl LeVan *(2007) The Four Freedoms Under Siege: The Clear and Present Danger from Our National Security State, with Robert Spero

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