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The Non-Existent Manuscript: A Study of the Protocols of the Sages of Zion (Studies in Antisemitism) Hardcover – June 1, 2004

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Product Details

  • Series: Studies in Antisemitism
  • Hardcover: 419 pages
  • Publisher: University of Nebraska Press; English Ed., Rev. and Expanded edition (June 1, 2004)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0803217277
  • ISBN-13: 978-0803217270
  • Product Dimensions: 6.1 x 0.9 x 9.2 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.8 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #4,866,471 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Editorial Reviews


"[De Michelis'] volume is a valuable addition to the literature on the history of anti-semitism in general and of the history of the Protocols in particular."—Shaul Stampfer
(Shaul Stempfer Religious Studies Review 2005-01-01)

From the Inside Flap

The origins of the infamous forgery, the Protocols of the Sages of Zion, are the subject of much vigorous debate. In this meticulously researched and cogently argued study, Cesare G. De Michelis illuminates its authors and the circumstances of production by focusing on the text itself.

De Michelis examines in detail the earliest texts of the Protocols, looking in particular at the historical and structural relationships among them. His research unveils the differing texts of the Protocols and the presumed date of the first forgery. It also yields a greater understanding of the milieu in which the forgery was produced and the identity and motivations of its authors.

This volume is a revised and expanded edition of the original, which appeared in Italian. Featured is an arguably archetypal Russian text of the Protocols, which De Michelis pieced together from several publications, based on careful textual analysis.

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5 of 5 people found the following review helpful By Ludvikus on August 31, 2006
Format: Hardcover
This is an important work--considering what it purports to be. However, it has serious bibliographic defects. For example, it refers to a famous alleged periodical, "Znamya," which allegedly published the earliest or first public edition of the infamous "Protocols of [the Learned Elders of] Zion." It specifies the nine almost consecutive successive days of the month in September (and August--depending on the Calendar used) this daily printed the item--but Cesare G. De Michelis does not bother to specify the year (though he gives it as 1903 elsewhere in the text--can you find it?). It is commonly alleged that the year was 1903. However, I have not been able to find any major academic or scholarly library in the world, whose catalog is available online, which holds a copy, Hardcopy, or Microfilm, of this alleged Newspaper of 1903, called "Znamya," or "Znamia"! Also, there are too many typographical and translation mistakes for my liking, for a scholarly work on such a controversial and historically important subject!

Furthermore, I have only been able to find Catalogued, in said libraries, only Five (5) of the Thirteen (13) alleged Primary Sources in the Russian Language. In fact, Michelis seems to have created a kind of puzzle--a challenge to English-Language scholars: try to figure out what these sources are. I even began to wonder if the author himself has created a kind of Hoax here too, and that at least some of these Thirteen (13) sources themselves do not exist! Do we have here more Fiction--as in Umberto Eco's "Foucault's Pendulum"? The author's names of said sources are as follows: K, L, A1, A2, N, B, B3, D, R1, R2, R3, R4, and I.
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