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The Russian Roots of Nazism: White Émigrés and the Making of National Socialism, 1917-1945 (New Studies in European History) Hardcover – March 7, 2005

ISBN-13: 978-0521845120 ISBN-10: 0521845122

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Product Details

  • Series: New Studies in European History
  • Hardcover: 344 pages
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press (March 7, 2005)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0521845122
  • ISBN-13: 978-0521845120
  • Product Dimensions: 6 x 0.9 x 9 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.3 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 4.6 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (7 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #4,477,912 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Editorial Reviews


"Michael Kellogg's The Russian Roots of Nazism is a major contribution to the research on the origins of Nazism. In a domain where so much has been published and discussed, Kellogg's work succeeds in introducing a dimension never so thoroughly explored: the essential impact on early Nazi world-view of ideological elements and political themes, carried over to Germany by White-Russian emigres."
Professor Saul Friedlander, 1939 Club Chair in Holocaust Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles and Maxwell Cummings Chair of European History at Tel Aviv University

"Michael Kellogg ... destroys earlier myths regarding the development of Adolf Hitler's thought. Kellogg successfully refutes the long-held belief, asserted by Hitler himself, that Hitler became antisemitic and anti-Bolshevik during his stay in Vienna in the early twentieth century. Kellogg's work draws on a wealth of primary sources from German, Russian, French, and Polish archives.... This book should be required reading for anyone interested in the origins of National Socialism and its complex character."
German Studies Review

"Kellogg's analysis of Aufbau and its influence is persuasive."
-Matthew R. Schwonek, Air Command and Staff College The Russian Review

"The story and the conclusion are not new, but the monograph contains a wealth of new detail."
-Robert C. Williams, Bates College The Slavic Review

"superbly researched book...this work shoudl spark much debate and serves as an example of what research in both German and Russian sources can accomplish for critical topics in modern history."
- Michael David-Fox, University of Maryland, Journal of Modern History

"...fascinating, meticulously researched, and highly detailed new study...Kellog has not only made a valuable contribution to the early history of the Nazi Party, but also points the way to further research in newly accessible post-Soviet archives on the Nazi's Russian connections."
-Roderick Stackelberg, Gonzaga University,American Historical Review

Book Description

This book analyses the political, financial, military, and ideological contributions of many 'White émigrés', anti-Bolshevik Russian exiles, to Nazism. It demonstrates that Nazism did not develop as a peculiarly German phenomenon and examines Aufbau (Reconstruction), a far right German-White émigré organization which collaborated with Nazis from 1920-1923.

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Customer Reviews

4.6 out of 5 stars
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews

5 of 6 people found the following review helpful By T. Kunikov VINE VOICE on June 2, 2006
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
I had never thought to find the link between German right wing movements and white emigres within Germany and Europe and what impact they had on the future Nazi Party and Hitler. This book was an unexpected find and a pleasant one at that. Not too difficult to read, somewhat repetitive but at the same time this makes it easier to keep track of all the 'characters' that the reader is introduced to. This book gives an excellent analysis on how the white emigres affected Hitler and his party and how without them Hitler might not have turned east or if he did might have done some things quite differently. What surprised me most was that before 1919 Hitler did not really say or write anything anti-semitic, in fact at times he defended Jews and even spoke like a socialist from time to time, which to a degree is less surprising since the Nazi party was a socialist party. I was also interested to learn of the assassination attempts undertaken by these white emigres against both Soviet politicians and German ones as well. Bottom line is that there is a lot of information here put into a context I never thought existed before, the book is expensive but in my opinion worth the money for the input it provides and the new view I now have of how Hitler came about with some of his ideas regarding Jews, Bolsheviks, and the Soviet Union.
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3 of 4 people found the following review helpful By Dee Man on March 27, 2006
Format: Hardcover
When one considers for what short period the German Army occupied the Ukraine after the treaty of Brest Litovsk, it is interesting how many White Russian came out with the retreating German Armies.Their prejudices were a remarkable influence on the early Nazi Party in Munich, particularly the ideas engendered by the Protocols of Zion. Until this book Scheubner-Richter had been written off as a body, the only one shot dead, marching alongside Hitler and Ludendorff in the 1923 attemptef Putsch. However it transpires that he was as great an influence on Nazi doctrine as Rosenberg ( normally described as just a Baltic-German Russian , but actually also a White Officer )

Interesting also is the relationship with Wagner clan in Bayreuth , so that the book is complementary to Joachim Kohler's Wagner's Hitler; and that both groups visited Henry Ford in Detroit to seek funds , arising from his anti-semitic attitudes.

Kellogg does not explore the implications that the General Staff in Berlin was seeking a rapprochment with bolshevik Russia at this time .Nor does he assess Ludendorff as a politician.Above all , he does not refect on the confrontation between class-ridden White Russian Officers and the Bohemian Corporal who spent the war in the trenches on the Western Front.

Anyone coming to study this period and phase of the Nazi Party/ Adolf Hitler will have to take note of this book and its importance.

I hope that Michael Kellogg will go on to produce works that follow on this pivotal start.
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3 of 4 people found the following review helpful By Hamm on November 17, 2010
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
Throughout my life I developed a number of questions while researching WW2, but none was ever as puzzling as why references to White Russian emigres pop up so often in the books of "experts" explaining the NSDAP's origins and the invasion of Russia in 1941.

Political veterans even from that era usually thought I was pointing out mere coincidences, and that any suspicion that there was a great untold story - perhaps intentionally suppressed - about the White Russians & the NSDAP was probably an illusion.

Michael Kellogg is one of the few historians who could ever have found the heart of the matter, as it required a linguist to locate and appreciate documents that were deliberately buried in archives throughout the world.
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3 of 4 people found the following review helpful By Professor Karla Poewe on March 18, 2006
Format: Hardcover
In this highly enlightening book, Michael Kellogg argues that in becoming National Socialist Germany did not follow a special path predetermined by German culture. Rather, the genesis of National Socialism must be understood within the context of German defeat of WWI and the Bolshevik Revolution. The co-occurence of these events brought Baltic German and Russian Nationists to Germany where they joined völkisch leaders and radicalized the masses. Formerly fringe anti-Semitism was joined to anti-Bolshivism and became virulent. The book sits on original research done in German and Russian archives.

Karla Poewe

Professor, University of Calgary
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