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The Second World: How Emerging Powers Are Redefining Global Competition in the Twenty-first Century Paperback – February 10, 2009
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From Publishers Weekly
Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
“A savvy, streetwise primer on dozens of individual countries that adds up to a coherent theory of global politics.”
–Robert D. Kaplan
“Confident in his predictions and bold in his recommendations . . . Khanna’s book is written with ambition, scope, and verve that sets it apart from the usual foreign policy tome.”
–Andrei Cherny, The New York Sun
“A panoramic overview that boldly addresses the dilemmas of the world that our next president will confront.”
“Khanna is something of a foreign policy whiz kid.”
–Raymond Bonner, The New York Times Book Review
“[A] sweeping, often audacious survey of contemporary geopolitics . . . moves at lightning speed.”
–William Grimes, The New York Times
More About the Author
Parag is co-author of Hybrid Reality: Thriving in the Emerging Human-Technology Civilization (2012) and author of How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance (2011) and the international bestseller The Second World: Empires and Influence in the New Global Order (2008), which was translated into more than twenty languages. In 2008, Parag was named one of Esquire's "75 Most Influential People of the 21st Century," and featured in WIRED magazine's "Smart List."
Top Customer Reviews
The book has several persistent and gnawing weaknesses. Khanna persistently focuses on traditional land power geopolitics, an easier thing to describe and a well trodden path in International Studies, but perhaps an increasingly less potent matrix with the emergence of new realms of competition in this century: low Earth orbit (mentioned briefly in one paragraph of the book); the emerging Internet culture and electronic world; enduring naval power and new oceanographic frontiers; the growing diasporas and transnational, nomadic elites who owe no geographical national allegiance. In particular, he who rules lower Earth orbit rules the planet, regardless of who predominates upon the "World-Island" of Eurasia.
The author, like many intelligent NRI Indians, seems disillusioned by the failure of Indian democracy to overcome poverty and wealth disparity on the subcontinent (at one point stating, "It could be argued that China is a freer country than democratic India", ignoring some obvious differences in number of political prisoners, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, free access to the Internet . . . ).Read more ›
Khanna argues that there will be three superpowers in the 21st century - China, the European Union, and the United States. He sometimes calls them empires as in the subtitle of the book, but that term is confusing since the Big Three will not resemble the empires of old. These superpowers will have their own unique approach for extending their power and influence. The main objectives of the Big Three are essentially the same: they want to be in the good graces of energy- and resource-rich second-tier countries such as those of the Middle East, Central Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Khanna calls this the second world. And as more and more countries become nuclear, military muscle becomes less of a tool. The superpowers are developing non-military means to win allies and influence. According to Khanna, winning in the 21st century will not take place in the battlefield but in the geopolitical marketplace.
Of the three, Khanna finds the European model the most attractive. The European practice of offering the prospect of membership in the world's richest market is a very powerful incentive for countries to reform themselves and comply with EU standards.Read more ›
My notes must of necessity be cryptic. I will start with the bottom line and urge the Amazon reader to take my notes as a strong incentive to buy and read the book cover to cover.
Bottom line: US has screwed up big time, and is taking third place to China's achievement of globalization on its terms, using consultation, incentives, and efficient/effective agreements to propel itself past Europe, which has consensus model that has displaced the US but cannot compete with China's global juggernaut. The US is gently tarred with confusing "security" for prosperity or legitimacy, with preferring single-party strong-arm partners, and with being generally clumsy, inept, ignorant, and hence losing on all fronts.
+ Second World is internally divided between rich and poor sectors
+ Second World is the tipping point domain that will determine the tri-polar (China, Europe, US) outcome
+ Author covers five regions 1) east of Europe including Russia and Turkey; 2) Central Asia; 3) South America with little attention to Caribbean; 4) Middle East; and 5) Asia and the 4 Chinas.Read more ›
Most Recent Customer Reviews
I loved reading this book. It's an easy page turner, very informative about globalization., and what to look forward to in the future.Published 5 months ago by Melissa
As someone with a political science and international studies background, I appreciate the rare achievement Khanna pulls off here. Read morePublished 18 months ago by Joel Dyar
What do you say about a book that's wrong in every possible detail, every single one of its conclusions, and appears to have been "researched" by the author staying (in a 5... Read morePublished on January 24, 2014 by Shannon Roy
It amazes me how much one person can know about so many countries. Khanna shoots around the world to give you insights in the developing countries or ‘Second World. Read morePublished on October 27, 2013 by Darcy Hitchcock
Is a good investigating & documentary work in presenting that
It is an interesting investigation & documentary work. Read more
If you are the type of person who likes to read headlines and think you know what's going on in the world this book is for you! Read morePublished on October 10, 2012 by C.D. Carney
Geopolitics vs. globalization. Now that's an interesting juxtaposition and it's at the heart of the book The Second World: How Emerging Powers Are Redefining Competition in the... Read morePublished on July 26, 2011 by J. I. Uitto