Plate / Portrait: 'Huldericus Swingel, is doot gebleven inden slagh by Surigh, syn lichaem is gevierendeelt en daer na verbrant.' (Huldrych Zwingli (1484 -1531) was killed in the battle of Zurich, his body dismembered and burned.) Zwingli was a leader of the Reformation in Switzerland. Born during a time of emerging Swiss patriotism and increasing criticism of the Swiss mercenary system, he attended the University of Vienna and the University of Basel, a scholarly centre of humanism. He continued his studies while he served as a pastor in Glarus and later in Einsiedeln where he was influenced by the writings of Erasmus.Description:
This scarse copperplate engraved print originates from: 'Opgang, voortgang, en nedergang, der ketteryen deser eeuwe.', by Florimond Remonds (Florimond de Reamond), published by H. Verdussen, Antwerp 1690. This contra-reformation work deals with the origin and history of the Protestant heresy from a Catholic perspective. This work was originally published in 1605. It contains a addendum about 'Jeanne de Pausinne van Roomen', the fable of a female pope, which was originally published separately in 1587. In this edition 30 engraved portraits of historic figures are surrounded by a decorative border with devils, snakes etc. or angels, putto's etc. depending on the religious standing.Artists and Engravers:
Florimond de Raemond (1540-1602) was a convert himself. In 1566 he witnessed an exorcism in Laon, France and he became Catholic. He then started prosecuting Hugenots. The engravings are engraved by Gaspar Bouttats (Flemish, 1625-1695) after the drawings of Henricus Verbruggen.