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Violent Politics: A History of Insurgency, Terrorism, and Guerrilla War, from the American Revolution to Iraq Hardcover – September 18, 2007

ISBN-13: 978-0061236198 ISBN-10: 0061236195 Edition: 1st

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Product Details

  • Hardcover: 304 pages
  • Publisher: Harper; 1 edition (September 18, 2007)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0061236195
  • ISBN-13: 978-0061236198
  • Product Dimensions: 5.5 x 1.1 x 8.2 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1 pounds
  • Average Customer Review: 3.9 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (16 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #821,993 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Editorial Reviews

About the Author

William R. Polk taught Middle Eastern history and politics and Arabic at Harvard until 1961, when he became a member of the Policy Planning Council of the U.S. Department of State. In 1965, he became Professor of History at the University of Chicago, where he established the Center for Middle Eastern Studies. His many books include The Birth of America and Understanding Iraq.

--This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.

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Customer Reviews

3.9 out of 5 stars
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews

18 of 19 people found the following review helpful By Steven A. Peterson TOP 500 REVIEWERVINE VOICE on December 8, 2007
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
This is a book about insurgency and some of its major tools--terrorism and guerilla warfare. William Polk begins by observing that one factor is common to insurgencies (page xiii): "no matter how they differ in form, duration, and intensity, a single thread runs through them all: opposition to foreigners. Occupation by outsiders creates the conditions for insurgency, then. That is the central thesis of his book.

Throughout the book, he explores his thesis by examination of a number of case studies--some well know and some less so. The first case study has an ironic twist to it--it is the American Revolution. He then considers, in order by chapter, the Spanish resistance to Napoleon, the Philippine insurrection, the Irish case, Yugoslav partisans in World War II, Greece after World War II, Kenya and the Mau Mau, Algeria, Vietnam, and Afghanistan.

One commonality across many (but not all) of these examples is that the insurgency begins with a ludicrously small number of militants. However, there are circumstances where this small group will expand and, in the end, triumph over the occupation. Other trends: as the small bands successfully carry out ambushes and otherwise annoy the foreigners, others within the occupied country begin to pay attention. Often, the dominant government then seeks to suppress the rebellion. Sometimes, they become so oppressive and repressive that it begins to trigger larger and larger numbers of people joining the insurgency.

Another factor that is important is Mao's famous argument that in a successful insurgency, the rebellious ones are like "fish" in a "sea" of sympathetic people, able to hide among and operate within the supportive masses.
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6 of 7 people found the following review helpful By Douglas B. Wilson on February 18, 2008
Format: Hardcover
This is an important book. William Polk reviews important insurgencies from the American Revolution to Iraq. He lays out principles of successful and failed insurgencies and equally importantly why interventions fail. Shelby Foote, the great Civil War historian, relates a brief story about a Union officer interrogating a captured Confederate soldier that summarizes an important part of William Polk's thesis. The officer asks,"Why are you rebels fighting so hard?" The Confederate responds, "Because you are here."
The most disturbing aspect of this book is the repeated failure of governments to learn the lessons of insurgency, despite repeated costly failures that have been widely recorded. A common line currently about the Iraq war is that if the U.S. had only planned better, we would have a better result. William Polk argues otherwise. In addition, he is rightly critical of the Army Counterinsurgency Field Manual, which is riding such a wave of popularity that it was published by the University of Chicago Press. On the other hand, "Violent Politics" has had very few reviews.I do not believe it has been reviewed by a single major newspaper.
Each of the books chapters is a worthwhile read, but perhap the most intertesting is Chapter 1 on the American Revolution. It is the best brief discussion of the American Revolution that I have ever read. The chapter on Iraq and Afganistan are very painful.
Doug Wilson
Boston
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7 of 10 people found the following review helpful By Uitlander on November 17, 2007
Format: Hardcover
Foreign Service and State Department people are immensely knowledegable about their areas. It means learning an odd language or two, absorbing many volumes of history and past international relations, becoming respectful of myriad social customs and religious practices and consequently forming a political astuteness that will be useful to the boss in Washington. Of course, when the boss communes with God and gets direction from a higher authority, all this can be ignored. Just bring'em on.

William Polk examines eleven insurgencies from 1776 to the present. This is a short book. The author has distilled hundreds of books and many years of service into 223 refined pages of text. The simple message is that occupiers are always unwelcome. Supression may succeed temporarily, but the day of reckoning eventually arrives. This book is filled with important history lessons that our leaders have ignored.
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful By Mark Gerboth on October 29, 2013
Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase
An interesting viewpoint on the major historical insurgencies, but offers little in the way of practical approaches for a foreign power that gets caught up in one. In short, the lesson expounded by the author is "abandon hope, exit quickly, and live with the consequences." Unfortunately, that isn't always possible. Relatively successful efforts, such as the US post-WWII effort in the Philippines, get dismissed, mostly by pointing out that the key architect got it wrong in Vietnam. The quick dismissal of the Petraeus doctrine for counterinsurgency as "it will never work" is humorous given that this doctrine, and the "Awakening" movement that it fostered, largely pacified the country for an extended period of time. In short, not nearly as good as Other books on this topic that I have read.
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4 of 6 people found the following review helpful By Michael Edwards on December 17, 2007
Format: Hardcover
William R. Polk, a veteran foreign policy consultant and former Harvard University graduate and professor, was the founder of the University of Chicago's Center of Middle Eastern Studies. He has written a collection of books in his lifetime and wrote Violent Politics in 2007. This book takes an in-depth look at insurgencies, terrorism and guerrilla warfare, using specific historic examples of each. The opening example is the American fight for independence against the motherland of Britain; it is an insurgency that also incorporates guerrilla warfare. He explains, like in the case with Americans, why insurgency sometimes succeeds and sometimes fails like the Irish struggle for independence.
Throughout the book, Polk does a wonderful job of explaining the background of every particular historical event. This is partially because each event is given their own chapter in which he describes a brief but necessary history of events leading to the conflict, and then goes into great detail about how each conflict functioned and ultimately failed or succeeded. Even though each chapter is only about twenty pages long, you walk away from the book having a much greater understanding of not only these historical events, but also a greater understanding of the way the world of politics is shaped through aspects of both formal warfare and low-intensity conflict. Polk uses these examples to illustrate a common theme in these types of conflicts.
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