Damascus is the capital of Syria and is a symbol of culture in the Near East. One hundred kilometers from the Mediterranean coast, the strategically located city was once the capital of the Umayyad.
Cannons along with the busts of various presidents and military vehicles are displayed in the large courtyard of the Mosque, an ancient Dervish monastery complex. Built in 1554 and designed by Ottoman master architect it also includes an adjoining inn for the numerous pilgrims who traveled to Mecca.
Damascus has always been much prized, by pharaohs, the Babylonian monarch, and later, Alexander The Great. Then came Persian, Roman and Islamic emperors followed by the Crusaders and Mongols.