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What Is A LFTR, and How Can A Reactor Be So Safe?: Molten Salt Reactors, including Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors [Kindle Edition]

George Lerner
4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (5 customer reviews)

Kindle Price: $6.99

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Book Description

What if we could design and build a reactor : - that uses no water and so can't have high pressure steam or hydrogen explosions, - that fissions over 99% of its fuel so there's no waste to store for hundreds of thousands of years, - with fuel that can't have a nuclear melt down, can never get hot enough to melt the reactor vessel? Well, we've already built one, and we ran it for 5 years! (But you never heard about it...) A Molten Salt Reactor, such as the Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) produces energy using a liquid (molten) nuclear fuel, not a solid fuel. MSRs also use a coolant that remains liquid at atmospheric pressure. With liquid fuel and atmospheric pressures, LFTRs solve the safety and waste disposal problems our current (1970's design) light water reactors (LWR) have. Some types of MSR can fission "spent" nuclear fuel from other reactors, eliminating the long term nuclear waste problem completely. George Lerner is an expert at solving complex technical & communication problems, in controversial fields such as alternative energy, health care, climate change. He can communicate complex ideas clearly, even to emotionally invested or polarized people. In this book, you will learn - how LFTRs work, - how they can be so much safer, - how Molten Salt Reactors are completely different than LWR, - what it will take to build them, - technical and regulatory challenges still to be solved, - how they will fare in accidents, - the economics of designing and operating them.


Product Details

  • File Size: 441 KB
  • Print Length: 51 pages
  • Simultaneous Device Usage: Unlimited
  • Publisher: Lerner Consulting (April 29, 2012)
  • Sold by: Amazon Digital Services, Inc.
  • Language: English
  • ASIN: B008271OHQ
  • Text-to-Speech: Enabled
  • X-Ray:
  • Lending: Enabled
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #702,792 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
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2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Thorium reactors offer safety December 22, 2013
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The Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) offers promise for the future. There is a great deal of useful information in this document. At the dawn of the nuclear industry, the United States Manhattan Project developed the atomic bomb, or real two models of atomic bombs, one using Uranium 235 and one using Plutonium 239. The bombs depended upon getting U235 and PU239. U 235 is about 0.72% of the natural uranium. Getting U235 for the bomb required isotope separation from the much more common U238. PU239 was made from U238 in a specially designed a run reactor. Dr. Weinberg of ONRL, one of the inventors of the nuclear reactor, and others understood the limitations and safety concerns regarding the water cooled reactor. However the risks were acceptable in wartime. Dr. Weinberg thought that there were about one thousand different reactor designs that were possible varying fuel (Uranium, Plutonium, Thorium), high energy, or low energy, moderators, (graphite, heavy water etc) coolant, (liquid sodium etc), and solid fuel rods or liquid fuel. Dr. Weinbergs personal favorite for a power reactor was the Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR). A LFTR was made and run at ONRL in the 1960. but it was not the way that the politicians wanted to go for commercial nuclear power.
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2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
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This Kindle Book reads more like an extended blog post and less like a book. It abounds in 'relaxed' grammar, such as:

"We later dropped the LMFBR due to proliferation concerns and reactor control issues, but never came back to MSR, political inertia." (sic)

In places, the author strings together a series of quotes, always attributed, but without connecting them with his own content or setting them into a secure context.

More fundamentally, he does not give background on why new energy sources are needed, or what the disadvantages on staying on our present energy course may be. He may judge that readers interested in this rather esoteric topic are quite likely to already understand such background, which may be true. One other drawback is that are few (about six) illustrations and diagrams, given a subject that cries out for a more graphic treatment.

What he does give, in a terse, telegraphic style, is a good background on the relevant technical aspects of this attractive, little-known, and certainly under-appreciated potential energy source.
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Solid Info, Purchase Not Required November 17, 2013
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This is a good way to get a quantitative, analytical look at the prospect of thorium and the nuclear industry. However, there is no need to actually buy this for Kindle when the author provides this information all for free on his website.
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5.0 out of 5 stars Excellent Synopsis of LFTR March 30, 2014
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An excellent one-place synopsis of all the essential advantages of liquid fluoride thorium nuclear reactors. It also at the same time provides thorough, historically researched answers to the misinformed criticisms of LFTRs which are have been so discouragingly prevalent among the media, various main stream environmental organizations and the radiation fearing public.
I recommend it to the media, to magazine publishers, the nuclear advisors of environmental organizations, the NRC, members of Congress, the EPA, and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy as providing information about a critically essential ingredient that will most likely be required to meet the world's increasing need for power while drastically reducing fossil fuel combustion.
I gave it five stars because I often refer to it and quote from it as a source of carefully worded scientific fact. I hope it will be published in book form.
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3.0 out of 5 stars It was too short January 10, 2014
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I am looking,for something that tells of the progress to LFTR reactors, I am convinced they are the future of clean power generation.
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