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Wolf: U-Boat Commanders in World War II Hardcover – March 1, 1997


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Editorial Reviews

From Booklist

Designed for visual impact, this album combines photographs, paintings, and propaganda posters to illustrate a German crewman's life in submarine combat. For narration and interpretation of the Battle of the Atlantic, frankly better sources exist, but sometimes a lavish pictorial excites more readership interest. Full-page spreads abound, sorted among return-to-port receptions, interiors of U-boats, combat, sinkings, and death or rescue at sea, or relics like the sub pens in French ports or the U-505 in Chicago. Nazi naval insignia are represented through such items as Dx9a netz's baton and uniform and ace captain Gunther Prien's decorations, evidently left ashore before he was sunk. The damp grimness of the U-boat experience, conveyed in stills from Das Boot and in sidebar quotations from the most famous U-boat book, Iron Coffins by Herbert Werner (1969, o.p.), is evident throughout, lending readers a tactile first acquaintance with this critical phase of the war. Gilbert Taylor

Review

Before reading any factual book, I always glance through the pictures and images. Only very rarely do I learn something important from this initial familiarisation. On this occasion I learned that an unofficial war between the US Navy and German submarines had been ongoing for several months before Pearl Harbour. Perhaps more importantly, apart from the portrait of Dönitz, I did not recognise any of the other photographs used. This is a book about the men who manned Germany's submarines - her U Boats. It seeks to expose their character, their weaknesses and their strengths - the very "what it was" that made them successful and made them national heroes and occasionally national villains. There are those with whom even the casual reader of U Boat history will be familiar - Prien, Kretschmer and Schepke for example. Then there are those whose exploits, in some cases, were even greater or perhaps more dastardly but, for whatever reason, kept their own personal periscope of exposure well below the surface at all times and are, therefore, less well known - Weddigen (who, in an obsolete, gas-powered U Boat, sank the 3 Cruisers HMS' Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue within 90 minutes in September 1914 and escaped without a scratch), Schwieger (who infamously sank the Lusitania in May 1915 killing 1,198 people) and Lemp (who, within 6 hours of war being declared, sank the Athenia in 1939 and, breaking every rule of warfare imaginable, killed 128 people) to name but six. It is that indefinable quality which binds together men from diverse backgrounds with very different attitudes, hopes and aspirations to perform a common task. That is what this book is all about and is, therefore essential reading for those with an interest in the U Boat. On the down side, I found the Athenia's 128 death toll described as "several hundred" - something which may (or may not) reveal a lack of attention to fine detail during the author's research. In addition, that perennial favourite of mine is the inclusion of the hyphen between "U" and "Boat." Whilst many will regard this as VERY "picky-picky," it is a fact that the hyphen does not appear after the letter "U" in connection with U Boats anywhere in original German documents but was added by English language writers. This is not a book about U Boat commanders from a British or American perspective, it is researched in Germany with a cast of former U Boat commanders and it tells their story. Consequently, U Boat, U21 and U47 are quite correct. U-Boat, U-21 and U-47 are incorrect. Whilst I may be surprised this was not spotted during research in Germany, it should not be allowed to mar the readers enjoyment of the work. --By Ned Middleton HALL OF FAME TOP 50 REVIEWER

This books deals with the common perception of U-Boat commanders of WWII; before dealing with each of the aces in turn to highlight their differences in personality & ideology; thus highlighting that stereotyping is incorrect. The Aces of the U-Boat service are dealt in detail, with some very interesting stories, such as Victor Oehrn s capture in North Africa. There are also other sections that deal with the debate Karl-Friedrich Merten s & Lothar-Gunther Buchheim s little disagreement over Das Boot . This book is a balanced look at the Commanders and is very well researched and a joy to read. --By "esford2"

Wolf is a departure from many of the submarine books of WWII. Rather than being a cold, dry, analysis of tonnage sunk and mission totals, it looks at the careers of a dozen U-Boat commanders as personal stories, warts and all. Starting with the illegal re-establishment of the Kriegsmarine's U-Boat fleet and particularly the early training, it progresses through the waves of new commanders who took over as their predecessors were either killed or transferred to desk jobs. Vause divides these waves into those who started in U-Boats before the war, those who joined up early and achieved commands in the early days of the war and finally, those who were fed piecemeal into the mincing machine that was the last two years of the Battle of the Atlantic. It was in these final two years when the U-Bootwaffe suffered its worst casualties. For the uninitiated, 36,000 German sailors went to war in U-Boats and 32,000 did not return, the worst casualties of any combat group in WWII. The highlight of the book for me was the odyssey of Victor Oehrn who, strangely for a submariner, was captured by Australian infantry in the North African desert! Without wishing to spoil the story, I can honestly say it would be worthy of a movie script and is very well presented by the author. A great primer for anyone wishing to familiarise themselves with the U-Boat campaign of WWII, it is not intended to be a definitive work and does not get bogged down in cold analysis. Such books have their place but this is the alternative. At times funny, often sad but usually very insightful, it must be recommended very highly. --By John Dynan
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Product Details

  • Hardcover: 256 pages
  • Publisher: Naval Institute Press; 1st edition (March 1, 1997)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1557508747
  • ISBN-13: 978-1557508744
  • Product Dimensions: 9.3 x 6.3 x 1 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.2 pounds
  • Average Customer Review: 4.5 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (11 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #236,966 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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Most Helpful Customer Reviews

7 of 7 people found the following review helpful By Ned Middleton TOP 1000 REVIEWER on April 6, 2009
Format: Hardcover
Before reading any factual book, I always glance through the pictures and images. Only very rarely do I learn something important from this initial familiarisation. On this occasion I learned that an unofficial war between the US Navy and German submarines had been ongoing for several months before Pearl Harbour. Perhaps more importantly, apart from the portrait of Dönitz, I did not recognise any of the other photographs used.

This is a book about the men who manned Germany's submarines - her U Boats. It seeks to expose their character, their weaknesses and their strengths - the very "what it was" that made them successful and made them national heroes and occasionally national villains. There are those with whom even the casual reader of U Boat history will be familiar - Prien, Kretschmer and Schepke for example. Then there are those whose exploits, in some cases, were even greater or perhaps more dastardly but, for whatever reason, kept their own personal periscope of exposure well below the surface at all times and are, therefore, less well known - Weddigen (who, in an obsolete, gas-powered U Boat, sank the 3 Cruisers HMS' Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue within 90 minutes in September 1914 and escaped without a scratch), Schwieger (who infamously sank the Lusitania in May 1915 killing 1,198 people) and Lemp (who, within 6 hours of war being declared, sank the Athenia in 1939 and, breaking every rule of warfare imaginable, killed 128 people) to name but six.

It is that indefinable quality which binds together men from diverse backgrounds with very different attitudes, hopes and aspirations to perform a common task. That is what this book is all about and is, therefore essential reading for those with an interest in the U Boat.
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9 of 10 people found the following review helpful By John Dynan on August 13, 2005
Format: Hardcover
Wolf is a departure from many of the submarine books of WWII. Rather than being a cold, dry, analysis of tonnage sunk and mission totals, it looks at the careers of a dozen U-Boat commanders as personal stories, warts and all. Starting with the illegal re-establishment of the Kriegsmarine's U-Boat fleet and particularly the early training, it progresses through the waves of new commanders who took over as their predecessors were either killed or transferred to desk jobs.

Vause divides these waves into those who started in U-Boats before the war, those who joined up early and achieved commands in the early days of the war and finally, those who were fed piecemeal into the mincing machine that was the last two years of the Battle of the Atlantic. It was in these final two years when the U-Bootwaffe suffered its worst casualties. For the uninitiated, 36,000 German sailors went to war in U-Boats and 32,000 did not return, the worst casualties of any combat group in WWII.

The highlight of the book for me was the odyssey of Victor Oehrn who, strangely for a submariner, was captured by Australian infantry in the North African desert! Without wishing to spoil the story, I can honestly say it would be worthy of a movie script and is very well presented by the author.

A great primer for anyone wishing to familiarise themselves with the U-Boat campaign of WWII, it is not intended to be a definitive work and does not get bogged down in cold analysis. Such books have their place but this is the alternative. At times funny, often sad but usually very insightful, it must be recommended very highly.
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6 of 7 people found the following review helpful By Thomas P. Armbruster on April 19, 2001
Format: Hardcover
Very well written. Was very complimentary to his first on Wolfgang Luth. I would recommend this to any WWII naval history buff of the North Atlantic, or more serious information finder of the times and places. I hope Mr. Vause continues his work, as patiently as I will wait.
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful By Bev Thompson on April 22, 2014
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
We are enjoying this book very much. It is extremely well written, thus easy to read. We read everything we can get our hands on about the U-boats in WWII, so that much of what is in this book we've read before; however, this is a nice "summary" of all of them. The author is not biased, and relays both sides, quoting many sources. We especially enjoyed the chapter on "Das Boot" because he quoted several "real" U-boat captains' analysis of the book and the movie, how they felt about it and how it related to what the War was really like. This is a very good book, one we both would recommend especially to anyone who hasn't read all the others about the U-boats.
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Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
I love submarine stories, and this did not fail to keep my interest.
A view from "the other side" of the war into the real-life experience of former foes who returned to ordinary existence.
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Format: Hardcover
In World War II(and WW I), the Germans almost won due to their U-boat attack. This book puts a human face on some of the U-boat commamders of World War II. It is a good read and shows good men fighting for a cause they did not know was evil.
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