The books that shaped Barack Obama

A Listmania! list by MarkK (Phoenix, AZ, USA)
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The list author says: "I believe that one of the best ways of understanding a person is by reading the books that they have read, which helps to provide insight into what they know. With this goal in mind, I have put together a partial list of the books read by our 44th President for those who wish to better understand him and the influences on his life."
Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West
1.  Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West by Dee Alexander Brown
The list author says:
  "Brown's book was one of the texts Obama read as a student at Punahow School."
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Farewell to Manzanar
2.  Farewell to Manzanar by James D. Houston
The list author says:
  "This memoir of the Second World War internment of the Japanese Americans was another book Obama read while at Punahow School."
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Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands
3.  Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands by Gavan Daws
$16.06   Used & New from: $0.01
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Native Son
4.  Native Son by Richard Wright
The list author says:
  "Growing up, Obama studied African American culture; Wright's book was one of the titles he read."
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The Autobiography of Malcolm X
5.  The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Malcolm X
The list author says:
  "Malcolm X's autobiography was a book Obama read growing up and one of the ones he re-read in preparation for writing his own memoir."
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The Souls of Black Folk (Enriched Classics)
6.  The Souls of Black Folk (Enriched Classics) by W.E.B. Du Bois
The list author says:
  "Du Bois's book is another work that Obama read at a young age which he would return to in later years."
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James Baldwin : Collected Essays : Notes of a Native Son / Nobody Knows My Name / The Fire Next Time / No Name in the Street / The Devil Finds Work / Other Essays (Library of America)
7.  James Baldwin : Collected Essays : Notes of a Native Son / Nobody Knows My Name / The Fire Next Time / No Name in the Street / The Devil Finds Work / Other Essays (Library of America) by James Baldwin
$21.63   Used & New from: $16.95
4.9 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (24 customer reviews)

Invisible Man
8.  Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison
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The Federalist Papers (Signet Classics)
9.  The Federalist Papers (Signet Classics) by John Jay
The list author says:
  "The Federalist Papers was one of the books Obama read as a political science major at Occidental University."
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The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge: A Novel
10.  The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge: A Novel by Burton Pike
The list author says:
  "After graduating from Columbia, Obama joined an informal discussion group; Rilke's novel was among the books they discussed."
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Murphy
11.  Murphy by Samuel Beckett
The list author says:
  "Beckett's novel was another of the works discussed by the discussion group."
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Abortion: The Clash of Absolutes
12.  Abortion: The Clash of Absolutes by Laurence H. Tribe
The list author says:
  "As Lawrence Tribe's research assistant, Obama helped Tribe write this book."
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Groundwork: Charles Hamilton Houston and the Struggle for Civil Rights
13.  Groundwork: Charles Hamilton Houston and the Struggle for Civil Rights by Genna Rae McNeil
The list author says:
  "Houston was a pioneering student at Harvard Law School; Obama filmed a short segment about him for cable television in 1991."
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Frederick Douglass : Autobiographies : Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave / My Bondage and My Freedom / Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (Library of America)
14.  Frederick Douglass : Autobiographies : Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave / My Bondage and My Freedom / Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (Library of America) by Frederick Douglass
The list author says:
  "Obama has mentioned reading Douglass's autobiographies while preparing to write his own memoir."
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The Arrogance of Race: Historical Perspectives on Slavery, Racism, and Social Inequity
15.  The Arrogance of Race: Historical Perspectives on Slavery, Racism, and Social Inequity by George M. Fredrickson
The list author says:
  "As a professor at the University of Chicago Law School, Obama assigned excerpts from Frederickson's book for his seminar on racism and the law."
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The Law of Nations
16.  The Law of Nations by Emer de Vattel
The list author says:
  "This was another book Obama excerpted in his "Current Issues in Racism and Law" seminar at the University of Chicago."
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Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey (Dover Thrift Editions)
17.  Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey (Dover Thrift Editions) by Bob Blaisdell
The list author says:
  "Obama assigned some of Garvey's speeches as part of his seminar on racism and the law."
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I Have A Dream/ Also Letter From Birmingham Jail (Tale Blazers)
18.  I Have A Dream/ Also Letter From Birmingham Jail (Tale Blazers) by Martin Luther, Jr. King
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One Drop of Blood: The American Misadventure of Race
19.  One Drop of Blood: The American Misadventure of Race by Scott L. Malcomson
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Master Of The Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson
20.  Master Of The Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson by Robert A. Caro
The list author says:
  "Caro's massive study of Lyndon Johnson's tenure in the Senate was one of the books Obama read in preparation for his own service in that body."
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The Post-American World
21.  The Post-American World by Fareed Zakaria
The list author says:
  "One of the books Obama read during the 2008 Presidential campaign."
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The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt (Modern Library Paperbacks)
22.  The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt (Modern Library Paperbacks) by Edmund Morris
The list author says:
  "One of the books Obama has been credited with reading recently."
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Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance
23.  Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance by Barack Obama
The list author says:
  "Obama's own memoir of his early years, one written after his graduation from law school."
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The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream
24.  The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream by Barack Obama
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