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(Re)constructing Armenia in Lebanon and Syria: Ethno-cultural Diversity and the State in the Aftermath of a Refugee Crisis (Forced Migration) (Forced Migration) (Studies in Forced Migration)
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In both cases the Armenian community, aware of its outsider status, maintained a low political profile, however the lack of generalized political oppression in Lebanon led to a flourishing of literature, art, newspapers and Armenian theatre that wasn't replicated in Syria. Community identity centred around affiliation to Church and to political movements who's issues were community organization, culture and Soviet Armenia. Both communities created a thriving merchant class, heavily involved in small scale manufacturing and import/export, largely absent from agriculture and government employment. Both groups are highly urbanized with community concentrations in Aleppo Syria, Beirut and the suburb of Bourj Hammoud. Schooling was mostly private and run by the Armenian community which contributed to a solid Armenian identity. In September 1967 the Syrian government nationalized private schools and required increased Arabic and Syrian content, and though Armenian content was reduced, school administration remained under Armenian control.
There were few exceptions to Armenian neutrality.Read more ›