The Nazis were a cult. They were not a political party in any conventional sense of that term.
Unlike places like Egypt and Greece which had mythologies of lost ancestors who were far superior to everyone else, Germany didn't have that type of history as much. They needed legends and a justification for viewing the rest of the world as inferior to the German master race.
The Nazis found the basis for their master race idea in the writings of people like Helena Blavatsky. Blavatsky apparently thought she was in communication with some sort of spirit guides or ascended masters who told her about the Atlantean super race. I don't think Blavatsky was a racist like the Nazis but her book The Secret Doctrine contains anti Christianity overtones.
Hitler and the Nazis used those types of ideas to conclude that the German people were the descendants of the gods of Thule which sounds like a German version of Atlantis. However the gods of Thule contaminated their pure blood by intermarrying with inferior mortals. The Nazis were trying to purify the German bloodline through a process of extermination and sterilization that would take hundreds of years. I guess that's what they were trying to do with the death camps since they felt the Jews were at the very bottom of the gene pool.
Since the Germans were the master race this gave them the justification to take living space away from other countries. In fact according to their master race ideology if they did not do this the German race would die out instead.
There was a Nazi research group called the Ahnenerbe which came up with these sorts of ideas based on what they said was archaeological research. Assien Bohmers was one of those so called archaeologists. These people said the Neanderthals died out because the Cro-Magnon race was superior or something like that. So they felt there was a historical precedent for a superior race forcing inferior races into extinction.
There's major problems with using physical characteristics like blond hair and blue eyes to determine someone's ancestry. Another strange fact is Hitler and his Nazi leadership did not have any of the physical characteristics they associated with the pure Germanic heritage. Himmler himself would not have been allowed into the SS based on his own restrictions for SS membership.
Hitler didn't buy into the occult based theories as much as Himmler and Hess. But they all definitely bought into the master race idea and the goal of completely exterminating the Jewish race. These types of ideas are expressed in Hitler's manifesto Mein Kampf which was the Nazi bible.
It was theories like this that decisions that led to the deaths of many millions of people were based upon.
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