(Due to the length of this post, I am forced to divide it into two installments. This is part one.)
No murder in world history--NONE--has received more critical scrutiny than the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. And no area of study has been more thoroughly examined than the medical evidence accumulated in Trauma Room One at Parkland Memorial Hospital where docters frantically attempted to save the president's life in Dallas and at the Bethesda Medical Center in Maryland later that night where three trained medical professionals conducted the most talked about post-mortem in the history of mankind. Conspiracy theories are filled with misinformation concerning these two events and what many Americans believe the medical evidence revealed is actually false. There is an old saying that one only knows when they are being lied to if they already know the truth--sadly with the factual information surrounding the assassination of President Kennedy, the plain and simple truth is that very few Americans know ANYTHING about the actual medical evidence in this case. Totally fictional accounts of the assassination such as Oliver Stone's "JFK" (or as I re-named it, 'Dallas in Wonderland') fill the minds of viewers with misrepresentations, ommissions, and outright lies in order to sensationalize and overly complicate a relatively simple murder.
Let's take a brief journey through what the actual medical evidence reveals about President Kennedy's death and let's see what recognized, trained medical professionals have to say about the cause of death to learn how much weight we should give to the endless stream of conspiracy theorists that plague the Internet and media today. I will start by quoting a typical conspiracy claim, ALL of which I have heard hundreds and hundreds of times over the years and then I will show what the ACTUAL medical evidence says in regards to each claim.
1. Claim: "All of the Dallas doctors were in agreement that the first shot to strike Kennedy originated from in FRONT of the motorcade and the throat wound was one of entrance. Since Oswald was located BEHIND the motorcade this establishes a two-assassin scenerio."
Facts: This statement IS partially true. SOME of the attending staff at Parkland Hospital DID think the wound to Kennedy's throat was one of entrance but we learned later that they were mistaken. Other doctors, seeing the SAME wound thought it was one of exit. Here is what EVERY doctor to see the throat wound said about its appearance:
Dr. Charles Baxter: "We...did not determine at that time whether this represented an entry or an exit wound. Judging from the caliber of the rifle that [was] later found...this would more resemble a wound of entry. However...depending upon what a bullet of such caliber would pass through, the tissues it would pass through on the way to the [throat], I think that the wound could well represent EITHER an exit or entry wound." (Capitals mine)
Dr. Marion Jenkins: "I thought this was a wound of EXIT because it was not a clean one, and by 'clean' [I mean] clearly demarcated-- round." (Capitals mine)
Dr. Ronald Jones: "[The] small hole in [the] anterior midline of neck [was] thought to be a bullet entrance wound."
Dr. Gene Akin: "[The wound] was slightly ragged around the edges...The thought flashed through my mind that this might have been an entrance wound. I immediately thought it could also have been an exit wound."
D. Malcom Perry: Initially identified the wound as one of entrance but later backed off that preliminary assumption and admitted that "whether the wounds were entrance or exit wounds really made very little difference [to us]. Some things must take precedence and priority and in this instance the airway and the bleeding [had to] be controlled...We were trying to save a life, not worrying about entry and exit wounds."
What the Parkland Hospital doctors did NOT know at the time was that there was another bullet hole in Kennedy's upper back. But since the President was NEVER turned over while in Dallas no one knew of this other bullet hole which would have helped them realize that the rear wound was one of entrance and the throat wound was one of exit.
So how do we know the throat wound was one of exit? What does the medical and clothing evidence reveal?
1. The wound to Kennedy's upper back, when examined during the autopsy, revealed four proofs as to the direction of the shot:
a. The skin and muscle tissue around the opening of the back wound was pushed INWARD. This alone--with NO further evidence would establish beyond any and all doubt as to the direction of the missile.
b. The back wound contained an abrasion collar--visible to the naked eye--which is similar to a halo-patterned bruising around the hole. Abrassion collars are ALWAYS found surrounding entrance wounds and are NEVER found surrounding exit wounds.
c. The back wound also contained further evidence only visible under a microscope. When a bullet enters a body it burns the skin causing microscopic changes to occur with the tissue. This burning is known to forensic pathologists as coagulation necrosis of the tissues. This change is ALWAYS found in entrance wounds--EVERY SINGLE TIME WITH NO EXCEPTIONS. None. Ever. Even Dr. Cyril Wecht, the most vocal of the conspiracy medical professionals admitted that the back wound--based on the medical evidence--HAD to be one of entrance.
d. Additional evidence was found on Kennedy's clothing. When the president's clothing was examined later that night in Washington D.C. it was clearly evidence that his suit jacket and shirt showed that the rear holes contained fibers that were pushed INWARD. While the front of Kennedy's shirt and his necktie showed fibers that were pushed OUTWARD. Again, if this were the ONLY evidence we had it would establish, not beyond a reasonable doubt, but beyond ALL doubt that Kennedy was struck from the rear and those doctors in Dallas that assumed the throat wound to be a wound of entrance were simply mistaken.
Of course conspiracy cultists choose to ignore all of the hard, forensic medical evidence, and opt instead to embrace the frantic, unqualified (none of the Dallas staffers were trained in determining origin of bullets--and ALL Dallas doctors admitted later their initial impressions were totally speculation and not qualified in any way) views of the medical team NONE of whom carefully examined the president's wounds during their hurried attempts to save his life (why would they?)
2. Claim: Kennedy was shot twice, before his head shot, once from the back, causing the wound to his upper back and then almost at the same time from the front causing the wound to his throat.
Facts: We have already discussed the medical evidence proving beyond ANY doubt that the back wound was one of entrance and the front wound was one of exit. But conspiracy cultists rarely let medical evidence stand in the way of accepting a new, fanciful theory. This claim has several logical flaws and missing evidence.
a. Conspiracy cultists never clearly locate just esactly WHERE this frontal gunman was supposedly hiding at this time. Their favorite location is the grassy knoll, but at the time of the first shot the president wasn't visible to a gunman located on the grassy knoll therefore to avoid the risk of embarassment, most conspiracy cultists never state specifically WHERE this invisible gunman was allegedly firing from and instead they leave it up to their gullible devotees to fill in such gaps in their own mind.
b. IF there were two nearly simultaneous shots then that raises two very important questions:
i. If the back wound did NOT pass through Kennedy's body... then what happened to that bullet? No intact bullet was found in the limousine, none were removed from Kennedy at Parkland Hospital, and none were in his body during the autopsy (Kennedy underwent a FULL body X-ray in Maryland and NO bullets were revealed.)
ii. Also, if the throat wound bullet didn't pass through the president, then what happened to THAT bullet as well? It is tragically comical to hear conspiracy cultists talk of what they have labeled the "Magic bullet" passing through Kennedy and later Connally, when in reality they believe in TWO bullets that don't just zig and zag, they enter bodies, mysteriously stop without striking ANY bones, and then promptly disappear. Now THAT is a magic bullet.
3. Claim: The president received his fatal head shot from the right-front and NOT from Oswald's location in the TSBD to the right, elevated rear.
Facts: There are multiple problems with this theory.
a. On 11/22/63 there was not one single eyewitness who said they saw a gunman or a rifle located to the right-front of the president. Not one. Nearly 400 people were in or near the assassination site, many facing the stockade fence atop the grassy knoll and there was even one eyewitness located behind the stockade fence (Lee Bowers) yet NOT ONE SINGLE witness said they saw a rifle or an assassin firing from the right-front area when they were questioned on 11/22/63. Not one.
b. The Zapruder film reveals ALL damage to the president's head to be located right where the autopsy later revealed it to be--the right side above his ear. NO damage is seen in ANY of the frames of the Zapruder film to the left rear of the president's head.
c. The autopsy photographs and X-rays do not reveal ANY damage to the left hemisphere of the president's head. None. And more specifically, the autopsy X-rays reveal a spray of metallic matter eminating from the right rear to the left and right-front of the brain--exactly what one would expect from a shot located from above and behind--exactly where we know Oswald and his rifle were at the time of the assassination.
d. ALL bullet fragments were located in FRONT of Kennedy after the assassination. Had any shots originated from the right-front of the president one would logically expect to find fragments to the left rear--but such is not the case. NO bullet fragments were located to the left rear of the president's head.
e. The Zapruder film reveals the president's head being driven violently FORWARD at the moment of impact from the final bullet. A moment later Kennedy fell back and to the left into the rear of the seat, but this was AFTER the initial impact of the head shot was experienced.
f. ALL bullet fragments recovered form the limousine matched Oswald's rifle and NO OTHER. There were no large, unidentified bullet fragments that could have originated from a rifle other than Oswald's rifle. Therefore IF a gunman fired from the right-front and hit Kennedy in the head...what happened to all of the bullet fragments from that rifle?
g. The back of Kennedy's head had ONE hole that also had an abrasion collar and showed evidence of coagulation necrosis of the tissue. Additionally the inside of Kennedy's skull was beveled INWARD, this was proof positive that the bullet originated from the back of the president's head and NOT in front. Even Dr. Cyril Wecht, the darling of the conspiracy cultists admitted in 1972 and again in 1978 that, BASED ON THE EVIDENCDE, he had to concur--Kennedy was struck ONLY once in the head, from a location behind and to the above-right.
h. Conspiracy cultists are fond of quoting the final report of the HSCA which determined that there was a 95% probability that a shot was fired from the right-front in addition to the shots fired from the right rear--hence a conspiracy, but they rarely go ont to state just exactly WHAT the HSCA stated about the shooting. The HSCA said that while there was acoustical evidence of a fourth shot (evidence which was later proven to be erroneous), this shot apparently MISSED the limousine since there was no evidence anyone in the limousine was struck with any bullets. Simply stated, the conspiracy cult would have us believe that a conspiracy existed with Oswald firing from above and behind and another rifleman was firing from a closer location from the right front of the president. But this second gunman (based on the HSCA's own findings) missed the president, the first lady, the governor or Texas, the first lady of Texas, two secret service agents, the limousine itself, and EVERYONE standing on the south side of Elm street watching the motorcade pass by.
Quite the assassin the conspiracy hired wouldn't you have to agree? And to think that the conspiracy cult criticizes OSWALD'S shooting abilities. Their would-be assassin missed every thing in Dealey Plaza.
And there are logical problems with the right-front gunman theory also:
a. If the conspirators were plotting to assassinate President Kennedy one could only logically assume they would want to keep such a conspiracy a secret. Of course it is comical to claim that some nefarious group of hitmen would plan the murder of the century and then advertise to the world that there were multiple gunmen firing, thus opening the most extensive manhunt in world history. But if one gunman is located to the right rear (as we already know with 100% certainty thanks to the medical evidence proving beyond ALL doubt that shots entered the President from the rear) and the conspirators place another gunman to the right front aren't they then, in effect, announcing to the world that there are TWO gunmen firing and hence revealing the conspiracy to everyone? Common sense and basic logic would demand that IF two gunmen were hired to kill the president, they would be firing from the EXACT same location at the same time, thus hiding the multiple shooters. (Of course the different bullets would be traced to different rifles anyway, so in any event, multiple gunmen would announce the conspiracy in no time.)
(part two follows)
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