by Mats Winther
The article discusses the current 'theoretical chaos' in psychology and argues that this ruinous situation is predicated on an insufficient metaphysical groundwork. Any empirical scientific work must be buttressed by a metaphysical foundation, otherwise the empirical findings are beyond the grasp of a comprehensive understanding and the result will be confusion. So it remains for psychological theorists to delineate a system of metaphysical principles, including ethical principles. The term 'metaphysical' is understood as "the system of principles underlying a particular study or subject" (Webster's dictionary).
Keywords: psychoanalysis, metaphysic, Oedipus, Proteus, empiricism, rational neurosis, psychological monomorphism, pluripotent unconscious, projective transidentification.