"What judicial ruling clarified this? I don't know of any laws requiring people to attend church on Sunday. I don't know of any court rulings that say this law is a religious law and therefore is unconstitutional."
I said "would be," not "has been." Do you seriously believe such a law would stand?
That being said, it was ruled in Inouye v. Kemna that it was not permissible to require a man convicted of a DUI to attend religious alcohol treatment (AA), and that he must be given the option of attending non-faith based alcohol therapy. If even a criminal cannot be forced to attend a religious organization's meeting, even when that's relevant to their crime, it is hard to imagine that ordinary citizens could be en masse required to attend church.
"Interesting assumption. Think back to the time after we had won our independence from England and the French Revolution had degenerated into the Reign of Terror."
Which quickly destabilized, because societies where people are routinely killing each other are unstable. Religion doesn't prevent that--before the Reign of Terror, we had the Inquisition, after all. Lack of religion doesn't necessarily prevent it either, a nonreligious society can absolutely be one where people are routinely killed for little or no cause. But in either case, such a society will destabilize, because people who are already likely to be killed have nothing to lose.
"Do you realize that the founding fathers were quite grateful for the religious moral underpinings of American society, which they chose not to challenge, and credited it for the fact that our revolution did not take the same route as the one in France?"
"For people who base their morality on religious values, their very actions can be religious even in what others may consider a secular sphere."
Sure, which is why courts generally consider effects of a law in determining whether it serves a significant secular purpose, and motivations are only a secondary consideration in very borderline cases.
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