The University of California Museum of Paleontology and The Howard Hughes Medical Institute published the following 37 Misconceptions about the Theory of Evolution.
I thought that 37 misconceptions indicate that The Theory of Evolution is in deep troubles, its supporters lack the means of communicating their theory succinctly enough to reduce those misconceptions to zero (none) or one at most.
Here are the 37 time bombs of evolution.
Misconceptions about evolutionary theory and processes
1. Evolution is a theory about the origin of life.
2. Evolutionary theory implies that life evolved (and continues to evolve) randomly, or by chance.
3. Evolution results in progress; organisms are always getting better through evolution.
4. Individual organisms can evolve during a single lifespan.
5. Evolution only occurs slowly and gradually.
6. Because evolution is slow, humans cannot influence it.
7. Genetic drift only occurs in small populations.
8. Humans are not currently evolving.
9. Species are distinct natural entities, with a clear definition, that can be easily recognized by anyone.
Misconceptions about natural selection and adaptation
10. Natural selection involves organisms trying to adapt.
11. Natural selection gives organisms what they need.
12. Humans can't negatively impact ecosystems, because species will just evolve what they need to survive.
13. Natural selection acts for the good of the species.
14. The fittest organisms in a population are those that are strongest, healthiest, fastest, and/or largest.
15. Natural selection is about survival of the very fittest individuals in a population.
16. Natural selection produces organisms perfectly suited to their environments.
17. All traits of organisms are adaptations.
Misconceptions about evolutionary trees
18. Taxa that are adjacent on the tips of phylogeny are more closely related to one another than they are to taxa on more distant tips of the phylogeny.
19. Taxa that appear near the top or right-hand side of a phylogeny are more advanced than other organisms on the tree.
20. Taxa that are nearer the bottom or left-hand side of a phylogeny represent the ancestors of the other organisms on the tree.
21. Taxa that are nearer the bottom or left-hand side of a phylogeny evolved earlier than other taxa on the tree.
22. A long branch on a phylogeny indicates that the taxon has changed little since it diverged from other taxa.
Misconceptions about population genetics
23. Each trait is influenced by one Mendelian locus.
24. Each locus has only two alleles.
Misconceptions about evolution and the nature of science
25. Evolution is not science because it is not observable or testable.
26. Evolution is `just' a theory.
27. Evolutionary theory is invalid because it is incomplete and cannot give a total explanation for the biodiversity we see around us.
28. Gaps in the fossil record disprove evolution.
Misconceptions about the acceptance of evolution
29. The theory of evolution is flawed, but scientists won't admit it.
30. Evolution is a theory in crisis and is collapsing as scientists lose confidence in it.
31. Most biologists have rejected `Darwinism' and no longer agree with the ideas put forth by Darwin and Wallace.
Misconceptions about the implications of evolution
32. Evolution leads to immoral behavior.
33. Evolution supports the idea of `might makes right' and rationalizes the oppression of some people by others.
34. If students are taught that they are animals, they will behave like animals.
Misconceptions about evolution and religion
35. Evolution and religion are incompatible.
Misconceptions about teaching evolution
36. Teachers should teach "both sides" of the evolution issue and let students decide - or give equal time to evolution and creationism.
37. Evolution is itself religious, so requiring teachers to teach evolution violates the first amendment.
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Mohamed F. El-Hewie