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Microsoft Wireless Optical Mouse - Steel Blue
Microsoft Wireless Optical Mouse - Steel Blue

0 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Outlasted Three Computers!, April 27, 2010
Microsoft makes that best mice. I have used this mouse daily for at least five years and a friend owned it before that. It's worked very well and has outlasted three computers. I've never had any problems with the signal or connecting the mouse to Windows machines (I'm still using XP Professional). You will need to change the batteries every few months or so.

I'm looking to purchase a replacement because, after five years, the right click function is beginning to fail. I will probably purchase this mouse again.


We Believe in One God (Ancient Christian Doctrine)
We Believe in One God (Ancient Christian Doctrine)
by Gerald L. Bray
Edition: Hardcover
Price: $35.99
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4 of 4 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars A Patristic Commentary on the Nicene Creed, July 19, 2009
The major topics that Bray highlights in this volume are drawn from the first article of the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed. He addresses faith and scripture, the nature of God, God as Father, God as almighty, God as creator, creation itself, and things seen and unseen. The first article is the shortest and most likely the oldest article of the Creed. With that being the case, Bray traces much of the theology from this section back to the earliest Christian writers. Of course, since the later patristic authors tended develop their theology more thoroughly, they are often cited as well. The book is a little short when compared to the volumes in the sister series (Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture), but it also covers a very short portion of text.

While selecting sources for the patristic commentary, Bray sought to choose texts that not only represented the early Christian doctrine, but ones that were also valuable to spiritual formation of the modern reader. The main goal of the book is to "foster the edification of Christian believers" (xli), although Bray also notes that the book should prove helpful to scholars and others less interested with that goal. The book follows the trajectory of the "classical church fathers" and so voices from other forms of Christianity at the time are omitted--which is not surprising because it is a commentary on the Nicene Creed.

The sampling of texts used in the commentary are easy to navigate and the selections are generally very relevant. The selections are also nicely footnoted with pointers to source material, cross references, and explanatory notes. Unfortunately, there aren't notes on the translation of the Greek and Latin texts themselves, and those interested in the original languages will have to consult other editions. The commentary functions as a hybrid between a concordance of topics pertaining to the Nicene Creed and an anthology of primary sources of patristic authors. It's definitely a useful volume to locate sources on the theology of the writers known as the Church Fathers. I see this this book as a helpful starting place for further inquiry.


In God's Name: Wisdom From the World's Great Spiritual Leaders
In God's Name: Wisdom From the World's Great Spiritual Leaders
by Virginie Luc
Edition: Hardcover
Price: $22.53
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7 of 7 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Photographs and Quotations from Spiritual Leaders, August 4, 2008
In God's Name: Wisdom From the World's Great Spiritual Leaders brings together various leaders from a wide spectrum of religious traditions who attempt to answer meaningful questions about God, life, death, happiness, and religious tolerance. Conducted by National Geographical, the book speaks more through its photographs than the text printed on the page.

The text itself is comprised of quotations from the spiritual leaders that span in length from a sentence to a few pages. At the end of the book there is a section which gives a short one-page description of each of the religions/denominations represented in the book: Buddhism, Anglicanism, Hinduism, Islam (Shiite and Sunni), Judaism, Lutheranism, Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Shinto, Sikhism, and Southern Baptist Christianity.

The greatest achievement of the book, however, is its appearance. It has a cloth spine with gilt design and silver lettering, nice endpapers, and 272 pages of high quality gloss paper. No dust jacket. Most will probably appreciate it for its full-color photographs.


Just Tell Me What to Say: Sensible Tips and Scripts for Perplexed Parents
Just Tell Me What to Say: Sensible Tips and Scripts for Perplexed Parents
by Betsy Brown Braun
Edition: Paperback
Price: $11.28
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1 of 2 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Definitely worth considering, March 19, 2008
Just Tell Me What to Say is a new book on parenting by Betsy Brown Braun in which she draws on her experience as both a mother of triplets and years of counseling parents. The book is about "dealing with the bumps" (xii). Some of the chapters give helpful advice on general subjects like communication, discipline, behavior, and manners. Other chapters can be used for reference when certain occasions arise such as discussing death, sex, and divorce. One of the useful aspects of the book is the reoccurring "Tips and Scripts" section which gives example statements of what to say to your children for each of the topics addressed throughout the book. Though the work is well organized, clearly written, and offers much-needed advice, I cannot compare its usefulness to other books of its genre since I have not read other related works. Nevertheless, it is definitely worth looking at for parents of young children.


Gulliver's Travels (Sterling Unabridged Classics)
Gulliver's Travels (Sterling Unabridged Classics)
by Jonathan Swift
Edition: Hardcover
Price: $8.88
115 used & new from $0.01

43 of 45 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Nice Affordable Edition of this Classic Work, January 8, 2008
Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift is classic work of satire and adventure that hardly needs my recommendation. Instead, let me comment on this edition published by Sterling. It's a nice hardcover with dustjacket and placeholder ribbon. There are a number of illustrations by Scott McKowen and an afterword by Arthur Pober. If you're looking for a inexpensive, but nice edition of Gulliver's Travels, this book would be a good choice.


New Testament Greek Vocabulary
New Testament Greek Vocabulary
by Jonathan T. Pennington
Edition: Audio CD
Price: $17.82
63 used & new from $11.59

3 of 3 people found the following review helpful
3.0 out of 5 stars Good, but Not without Flaws, August 28, 2007
Zondervan's The New Testament Greek Vocabulary package contains a vocabulary guide booklet and two audio CDs read by Jonathan T. Pennington. Its very simple, but effective, concept is to divide words into frequency groups of relatively the same size (about 40 words in each group). The booklet is a print version of the CD word lists, giving the Greek word and the English equivalent.

The obvious advantage of this tool is that one can work on their vocabulary under non-conventional circumstances. For example, many people have long commutes which make for a great opportunity to absorb new vocabulary words. Some types of work also allow for listening to CDs and not being distracted by them. Students can listen to the CDs while studying at home or in the library with headphones while following along with the booklet to complement what they hear with what they see. In the booklet is a large enough gap between the Greek and the English so that one can easily cover up the answers while trying to test themselves.

Unlike many of the popular language CDs available today, Pennington's work focuses strictly on vocabulary. There is no discussion of syntax, except in circumstances which distinguish a preposition's meaning based on its object's case. There are no situational, pre-constructed sentences to learn, such as, pothen ei su; ("Where are you from?"). A language's vocabulary words are the building blocks, and the mortar is its syntax. The mortar should be found in works like Mounce and Wallace, but one should not forsake the very important task of learning the vocabulary.

I presume that the majority of people using this tool are those first learning New Testament Greek. I found it odd that one of the first statements on the CD is, "This program is designed to help you master the vocabulary of Koiné Greek." Learning all the words contained in this package would not make one a master of the Greek New Testament's vocabulary, let alone "Koiné Greek" as the CD claims. It is important to make accurate claims about the language one is learning and the vocabulary in this program only focuses on the vocabulary of a collection of writings found within the wider body of Koiné Greek.

Also, there are certain problems related to learning a language from a CD. The alpha and the omicron are often indistinguishable. When the author says "ay" is it referring to e? ("if") or ? ("or," "either")? Especially if the student is learning new words, the best thing to do is to listen to the audio while following along with the book--at least for the first time.

All in all, the work is well-created. It is intriguing, however, that Zondervan can take two CDs and a little booklet that take relatively a short amount of preparation work (compared to a book) and charge $22.99 for it. In a perfect world this type of a product would come standard with the introductory grammars, but now I am asking too much. What also would be helpful is if Pennington produced a version for the less-common words of the Greek New Testament. Nonetheless, I would recommend the current version to anyone desiring to solidify their vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.


Studying the Synoptic Gospels: Origin and Interpretation
Studying the Synoptic Gospels: Origin and Interpretation
by Robert H. Stein
Edition: Paperback
Price: $24.82
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9 of 9 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars A Good Introductory Work on the Synoptic Problem, August 28, 2007
Studying the Synoptic Gospels serves as an introduction to the study of source criticism, form criticism, and redaction criticism of the Gospels. It is not intended to be a primer on exegesis or general hermeneutics of the Gospels, but to teach how they were formed, what components were involved in their construction, and how the distinctive theologies of the evangelists can be determined.

Stein writes his book serving "as an introduction and a work manual" (13) and it sufficiently accomplishes both. The work is comprised of three major divisions: (1) The Literary Relationship of the Synoptic Gospels, (2) The Preliterary History of the Gospel Traditions, and (3) The Inscripturation of the Gospel Traditions. The first section, which is nearly half the book, deals with literary or source criticism. It seeks to answer the questions posed by the Synoptic Problem. What is the literary relationship between Matthew, Mark, and Luke? Which Gospel was written first? Which Gospels are dependent upon other Gospels? Et cetera. Ultimately, he argues that there is interdependence within the gospel tradition (chapter 1), that Mark was written first (chapter 2), and that Matthew and Luke independently used Q (chapter 3). Though there are some problems with this paradigm (chapter 4), the solution to the Synoptic Problem is best found in the two-source theory (chapter 5). He also discusses the value of source criticism (chapter 6).

The second major division deals primarily with form criticism. Stein first addresses the rise and presuppositions of form criticism (chapter 7), then the general reliability of the transmission of oral traditions (chapter 8), as well as discussing the value of form criticism.

The third and final section covers redaction criticism. Here the author elaborates on the rise of redaction criticism (chapter 10), its method and practice (chapter 11), and its value (chapter 13).

Stein addresses the order in which one should perform source criticism, form criticism, and redaction criticism, but notes that there is not a clear-cut order because they all interrelate at different points (243-244).

There are a number of factors that make Stein's work very helpful to the student. The back of the book contains a glossary with over forty frequently used terms like, "ipsissima verba," "pericope" and "Sitz im Leben." But the glossary plays only a minor role. There are also many figures and charts. The charts depict the synoptic parallels in a helpful line-by-line comparison, which makes it easier to compare the texts. Not only do the charts exist for visual aid, but they are intended to be used as an exercise for the students to do hands-on work with the parallel passages following Stein's color-coded methodology (29-30). The table of contents is also neatly formatted, outlining both major and minor sections for reference. Additionally, at the end of nearly every chapter is a conclusion or summary of the discussion designed to solidify the material (46-47, 94-96, 119-123, 141-142, 152, 169,193-194, 216-221, and 279).

One aspect of this book that can be viewed both positively and negatively is the fact that it is based on the English text of the Gospels rather than the Greek. The obvious advantage is that is accessible to a larger audience. Students who are not trained in the Greek can utilize this as a textbook. Since Stein uses the Revised Standard Version (RSV), the more literal nature RSV makes the parallel passages easier to compare. It was a smart move for the author to retain the RSV rather than use the more popular updated versions such as the NIV and NRSV that are less literal (and thus harder for synoptic comparisons). Yet how useful is such a book like this to people who have not studied Greek? Obviously one cannot truly engage in such matters as redaction criticism without a good grasp of the Greek text. Yet Stein does refer to Greek words every now and then when he deems it necessary to make specific claims about the text. Nevertheless, I think that the English text is appropriate because Stein is not seeking to train redaction critics, but to get students' feet wet in the disciplines of these criticisms. Ultimately, the English text is helpful because it helps the reader quickly move through the text to get the big picture of what is happening. After one reads Stein's book and is interested in the various disciplines of Gospel study they can study the Greek text of the Gospels for themselves. After all, this book is merely an introduction to such matters.

There are several theories that take a stab at solving the Synoptic Problem that the author does not address. This should be understood as an advantage. The book does not intend to describe a thorough history of the Synoptic Problem and reference to the countless solutions would only bog down the reader. He does deal in greater detail with the Griesbach hypothesis and the two-source hypothesis (to which he subscribes). More interaction with the Farrer theory would have been a welcome addition to this book with its recent advocates like Mark Goodacre (yet even this second edition is already five years old). Stein also writes in a non-technical manner and includes a healthy dose of redundancy, both of which contribute to accessibility of the work.

Throughout Studying the Synoptic Gospels, Stein generally writes with a pragmatic approach. He does not get so caught up with the theoretical that he loses touch with real world matters when approaching the issues. Along this vein, he also questions the limits to which some have taken Q: "In light of the hypothetical nature of the Q source, the wisdom of various attempts to do redaction-critical work on the theology of the Q document or on the Q community must be questioned" (121).

He acknowledges that it is "impossible to know what was going through the mind of Luke when he wrote and why he might have omitted this or that account from his Gospel" (112). He similarly states: "We can never reconstruct with certainty the mental activity of the Evangelist when he wrote his Gospel" (147). This is an important point since so much of source criticism is based on the intentions of the Gospel writers, especially Matthew and Luke.

On the other hand, there are times when biases come to the forefront of the text. When discussing the Griesbach hypothesis Stein emphatically states that it is impossible for Mark and Luke to have changed Matthew's text ("Why do you ask me about what is good?") to Mark's ("Why do you call me good?") (146-147). This seems strange in light of his earlier comment that it is impossible to know the mind of the Evangelist.

In the end, the book stands out as a fine introduction to such matters. The book's order is nicely organized, and the student is not lost--even though there are some difficult concepts to grasp. Ultimately, Stein encourages the students and reminds them of the importance of such pursuits with quotes like the following: "Thus for many scholars, especially in the nineteenth century, the solution to the Synoptic Problem was a prerequisite for a proper study of the life of Jesus" (154).


Spectacles of Death in Ancient Rome (Approaching the Ancient World)
Spectacles of Death in Ancient Rome (Approaching the Ancient World)
by Donald G. Kyle
Edition: Paperback
Price: $43.21
49 used & new from $10.54

5 of 5 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars How the Romans Discarded Their Dead, August 28, 2007
The Romans' violent sports led to countless killings and a myriad of dead bodies as a result. Since no extant source from antiquity specifically addresses the issue of what was done with all these dead bodies, Kyle found it necessary to explore the problem of "the treatment and disposal of the arena's dead victims" (11). In doing so, he exposits the general history of the Roman spectacles, who the victims were, how the Romans typically disposed of the dead, some possible means of disposal for the arena victims, and specifically what the sources say about the disposal of the Christian victims. Since the victims include both animals and humans, Kyle argues that the animal victims were generally distributed as food, while the humans were, in the majority, disposed of by water (e.g., the Tiber River).

In constructing his argument, Kyle guides his readers step by step through a maze of ancient sources. After introducing his topic in the first chapter, He establishes the basic information for his readership in chapters two, three, and four. The second chapter details the evolution and history of the phenomenon of the spectacles, beginning in their Roman and Italian influences, progressing through the years of Rome's Republic, and bringing the study to its culmination through the time of the Empire. Kyle also discusses the various types of spectacles in which the Romans sought entertainment, reenacted great battles and outstanding conquests, and punished criminals in various degrees (including crucifixion, fatal charades, wild-beast exposure, and burning alive). The third chapter divides up the spectacles' victims into two main groups: the gladiators and the noxii (criminals). Kyle reports the distinctions between the victims of various classes and their respective punishments. In the fourth chapter, the author discusses the how the Romans viewed death and disposal within the context of social strata. Burial functioned as a necessary component for the dead, because without it there is no guarantee of a successful afterlife. Though burial was important, the Romans would refrain from employing it as a means of punishment to criminals. Kyle also discusses similar situations in which spectacles occurred--or the dead were disgraced--in non-Roman societies (mainly those of the Assyrians and Amerindians).

In what seems to be the second major section of the book (chapters five, six, and seven) Kyle discusses various solutions to the dilemma of the arena disposal. The fifth chapter introduces the spoliarium where the bodies of the arena's deceased are held and verified as dead. The spoliarium, however, only functioned as a temporary holding place, which fails to answer the question as to where the bodies were ultimately disposed. Gladiators who fought well and had secured a certain amount of status were able to enjoy proper burial rites. Those gladiators who were unable to attain status or showed themselves as cowards were ill-treated and given the status of a noxius. It is likely that some of the noxii were buried in great pits like the potter's fields found in biblical and medieval records. One possible location for this is beyond the Esquiline Gate outside the western city limits of Rome. Yet, the shear number of dead and the impracticalities of such a pit as the city expanded forces Kyle to consider other means of disposal. Crucifixion was not an option because it took a great deal of work per noxius and it was itself a means of death, but the noxii from the arena were already dead. Disposal by fire was impractical because it required an excessive amount of effort (the victim had to be burned twice) and was dangerous as it could cause possible fire disasters.

Kyle discusses the idea of consumption as means of disposal in the sixth chapter. For many reasons, it is very unlikely that either humans or beasts consumed the human victims of the arenas, however, Kyle demonstrates that it is probable that the meat of the beasts were distributed to the Roman people for consumption.

Since the previous suggestions for the disposal of the noxii was not satisfactorily solved, Kyle turns to the theory that the mass of bodies were thrown into the Tiber in the seventh chapter. Large numbers of people were thrown into the Tiber through the periods of the Republic and the Empire, with the example of Commodus serving well (he died as one of the noxii and was dragged by the hook and thrown into the Tiber).

Finally, in chapter eight, the author addresses the problem of disposal with specific reference to Christian victims. In doing so, Kyle offers very interesting history regarding Christian martyrology, however, no new methodologies of disposal are discussed (Christians were sometimes buried, sometimes left out to rot, and sometimes disposed by way of water).

The book's conclusion wraps up some of the points alluded to in the former chapters by showing that when the noxii were punished in the arenas, the Roman people acted as witnesses, commentators, and judges, who not only sought the physical punishment of the noxii, but also their spiritual punishment in their means of disposal. Casting the corpses of the noxii into the Tiber was not only an instrument of purification, it also served as a safeguard against the ghosts of the unjust haunting the city.

The book is organized nicely and logically. In dividing the main content into two major categories (background information and possible means of disposal) the author makes the work accessible to both scholar and non-expert alike. To those familiar with the history of the spectacles, Kyle's second and third chapters will be refreshing. Those who are new to this aspect of Roman history will find the same chapters very informative. As far as the sections of the book that deal with the various proposals of disposal, Kyle organizes his research in a classic way (first the non-significant options of disposal, then the solution for the animal corpses, and then the solution for the human corpses).

Kyle's book is an important publication in that it does not consider only the logistical aspect of disposal, but it also takes into account the mindset of the Roman people as they dispose of these bodies. It is likely, as is argued by Kyle, that the bodies were not disposed of in a reconciliatory manner, but they were not buried in order to further punish the criminals. The Romans had in mind something more than punishment in this world, but they found it their duty to punish a man in the world to come as well.

Spectacles of Death in Ancient Rome is not a book designed for the student who simply wants to learn some general information about ancient Rome. Since it is so specialized, it serves well as a book used to fill in someone's knowledge in a specific aspect of Roman history. All in all, the book was well written and an important addition to this area of Roman history.


Ancient Texts for New Testament Studies: A Guide to the Background Literature
Ancient Texts for New Testament Studies: A Guide to the Background Literature
by Craig A. Evans
Edition: Hardcover
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58 of 58 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars A Helpful Introduction to Primary Sources, December 10, 2005
Craig Evans describes the book's purpose in the preface, "The purpose of this book is to arrange these diverse literatures [that have been discovered and published in this last generation] into a comprehensible and manageable format" (xi). He divides _Ancient Texts for New Testament Studies_ into eleven types of writings, which form the first eleven chapters: (1) The Old Testament Apocrypha, (2) The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, (3) The Dead Sea Scrolls, (4) Versions of the Old Testament, (5) Philo and Josephus, (6) The Targums, (7) Rabbinic Literature, (8) The New Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, (9) Early Church Fathers, (10) Gnostic Writings, and (11) Other Writings.

Where are the Greco-Roman writings? They have a small section in the eleventh chapter titled, "Other Writings." Evans admittedly only writes "the briefest thumbnail sketches of these writers" (287). For example, Evans's discussion of Pausanias is quite short: "Pausanias (second century c.e.) was the author of Description of Greece, a guide with special interest in monuments" (294).

More welcome, however, is the short section titled, "Greco-Roman Authors on Jesus and Early Christianity" (298-300), yet this also is too brief, but at least this section includes bibliographies. The question must be raised: Why is Greco-Roman material lacking in this work? It is true that scholars have over emphasized the Greco-Roman background during the early and mid twentieth century, and that shifts towards a greater emphasis on the Semitic background has been made since the publications of works by people like E. P. Sanders. Also, Evans's own works have tended to show more of a preference to Jewish and Semitic sources than Greco-Roman ones. Still I find the downplay of Greco-Roman sources to be a flaw in _Ancient Texts for New Testament Studies_--especially in light of recent research, namely that of the socio-political background studies of the New Testament.

The twelfth and final chapter of the work gives examples of New Testament Exegesis. Here Evans looks at over half a dozen of examples where familiarity with the ancient sources has been strategic to their interpretation.

While the first appendix simply charts the inclusion of the apocryphal books in the various canons (i.e., Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, and Coptic), the following five appendices are actually quite helpful. I have already put a sticky note at the beginning of the second appendix: "Quotations, Allusions, and Parallels to the New Testament." This is superior to the indices found on pages 887-901 of the USB Greek New Testament (1994), as it contains a number of biblical and extra-biblical material ordered by the New Testament verse reference. The example from 2 Cor 4.6 reads: "Gen 1:3; Isa 9:2; Corp. herm. 7:2-3; Cicero, Tusc. 1.26; Seneca, Ep. 44.2" (387). The third appendix is also helpful: "Parallels between New Testament Gospels and Pseudepigraphal Gospels." The fourth appendix discusses the use of parables: "Jesus' Parables and the Parables of the Rabbis." The fifth appendix explores the idea of competing miracle workers around the time of Jesus: "Jesus and Jewish Miracle Stories." The last appendix covers the topic of "Messianic Claimants of the First and Second Centuries."

A word should also be said about the indices of _Ancient Texts for New Testament Study_. This text is a reference tool; it is unfortunate that so many reference books have very poor indices that make them difficult to navigate. Evans's work, however, does not fall into this category. It is a superb example of indices done right. There are almost a hundred pages for the three indices found in this work. These indices are as follows: Index of Modern Authors, Index of Ancient Writings and Writers, and Index of Ancient Sources. The index of Ancient Writings and Writers is organized to help the reader find references easier (e.g., the Book of Jasher is listed in the Bs under Book of Jasher as well as in the Js under Jasher, Book of).

All in all, Evans's Ancient Texts for New Testament Studies is a helpful tool for the beginning student looking to learn more about certain ancient sources, as well as for the experienced scholar looking to locate key bibliographical references. In addition to Evans's volume, there is also an Old Testament counterpart which should be promising as well: Kenton L. Sparks, _Ancient Texts for the Study of the Hebrew Bible_ (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2005).
Comment Comment (1) | Permalink | Most recent comment: Dec 31, 2007 6:43 PM PST


Pauline Parallels (Foundations & Facets: New Testament Series)
Pauline Parallels (Foundations & Facets: New Testament Series)
by Fred O. Francis
Edition: Paperback
Price: $29.70
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2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars A Very Useful Tool, December 5, 2005
As I see it, there are many books for biblical studies, but very few tools. As far as tools are considered, there are the primary texts themselves (including various literature from the time period), there are lexica (e.g., BDAG), concordances, grammars (e.g., BDF), and synopses (e.g., Aland's Greek synopsis of the four gospels). Pauline Parallels should join this list of necessary tools-especially for students of Paul.

One of the weaknesses of this work is the exclusion of the Pastoral Epistles. I think they should have been included even under the assumption that the Pastorals were not penned by Paul because they would at least represent a Pauline school of thought or be useful to those who deem them Pauline. The same criteria for the Pastorals should be granted as is given for Deuteros, but at least the Pastorals are referenced in the notes.

One of the strengths of Pauline Parallels is that it organizes the passages not by topic but by primary reference in canonical order. Thus the first passage is Romans 1.1-7 and the last is Philemon 25. Each section of Paul's writing is assigned a number so you can reference that number for further parallels. The passages are also divided into three sections. The first section is text at hand. So, let's say you're looking up Romans 12.9-21, the first section has the full text of that passage in bold typeface. The second and third sections are called Primary and Secondary respectively. What's the difference between the primary and secondary parallels? This is how it is explained:

"Letter-structure paragraphs and paragraphs containing formal elements are labeled and have structural and formal 'primary' parallels. When there are additional, thematic parallels, they are included as 'secondary' parallels. Paragraphs not labeled as structural or formal, namely thematic paragraphs, simply have primary parallels." (xiii)

There are also notes for specific verse references that refer the reader to sections in the Pastorals, Acts, other sections of the New Testament, and Old Testament. Additionally, there exists a helpful User's Guide and a number of different chronologies of Paul scattered throughout the book. The text used is that of the Revised Standard Version.


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