Would Natural Selection have fueled an architecture that failed from the start? and continue to fuel it until improvement is found? and yet continue to fuel further into the future until it finally works? ....Unlikely, but unfortunately this is the aptitude behind Artificial Intelligence
This is a very difficult question to answer without an understanding of how is intellect/intelligence truly formed. In the case of biological intelligence, there is no doubt, that natural selection "selected" those entities whom employ a better intellect that its competitors. Those animals that were able to better understand the environment and the limitations of the competition excelled and continued to reproduce, thus succeed. Those animals who did not, simply died. Should AI ever reach the same configuration that biological Intelligence (BI) has, then the answer would be yes. But if AI continues to use today's algorithmic architecture, I am afraid not. However, don't forget that natural selection has one major draw-back and that is that it cultures what works better today, not necessarily what will work better tomorrow.
Perhaps we give intelligence more credit than it deserves in biological evolution. The shark has proven a survivor on earth, with a model that hasn't changed in tens of millions of years. Lots of animals are smarter. But the shark has the intelligence it needs to operate the killing machine that it is, and to mate. Animals survive by growing sharp teeth, by seeing better, by expanding lung capacity or sloughing off a virus that kills others. I would say that the development of the computer owes much more to intelligent design than evolution.
The evolution of the computer, if we want to call it that, occurs in the marketplace. And if the buyers are backward, or ill-equipped, or blind to its qualities and potential, then it fails. If you take a brand new 24-inch iMac to a medieval peasant, it's useless to him. He can't even plug it in. So, if we're disappointed in the progress AI has made over the last 50 years, it's been limited in part by the imagination of the consumers, including ourselves. That said, AI has made enormous progress even over the last five years. Its impact on our lives is already enormous, and will only grow in the age of data.