The list author says: "This list is my attempt to compile some of the most important (in my humble opinion of course) books in various disciplines of study. I have listed them in the order that I think they ought to be read; that doesn't mean you can't skip around however. The list begins with Uncertainty, without which we could not exist. The first two are on Quantum Mechanics (Uncertainty and Entropy) which provide the two underlying 'problems' that everyone and everything faces. Then there is Science and History. After that, the next six books are in Philosophy and cover the five most important sub-fields: Epistemology, Metaphysics, Logic, Free Will and Neuroethics and Morality. The next three books involve the issue of how humans divide themselves. The next three books are on Complexity Theory; it provides an integral or holistic view of the Universe. Then followed by three books on Evolution. The next two books are about the Nature vs. Nurture debate which is integral to almost every issue humanity faces. The next nine books are on decision making and economic approaches that are based upon a Neuroscientific (and sometimes Computational Theory of Mind approach) look at how the Brain works. This addresses the Mind versus Body debate. The next four books are essentially about social inequality. The last two are the most important two books because they are the Futurology books. If I had to pick just two books from my own list that are THE most important, they would be both of Jared Diamond's books: Guns, Germs, and Steel and Collapse. Thanks for looking, and I hope this list helps you in some way."
"Epistemology: "What is Knowledge?" "Can we even know anything at all?" If so, "How do we Know we Know?" My own view is a combination of Fallibilism, Perspectivism, Contextualism and Situationism; otherwise known as Pragmatism in general."
"Free Will is actually one of the most important issues in Philosophy because it is pertinent to nearly any discussion of human causation. If you ever ask yourself, "Why did that person do that, it's against their own interests?" then you are entering into the realm of Free Will."
"Neuroethics is an exciting new area in Philosophy because just recently (relatively speaking) Psychologist's, Neuroscientist's and Philosopher's have been able to see what goes on in the human brain, thanks to the fMRI. Bold new discoveries are being made."
"A great but often overlooked masterpiece of a book. Berreby does a great job of describing how racism, ethnocentrism or any of those other forms of self-segregation have absolutely no logical support. He puts an end to those 'race-realist' writers."
"The newer of the two books by Lawrence E. Harrison. He asks us to remember that culture does matter in relation to any particular societies development. A great compliment to Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel."
"The older of the two books by Lawrence E. Harrison. He asks us to remember that culture does matter in relation to any particular societies development. A great compliment to Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel."
"This is an excellent book - definitely a "best-of-the-best." Montague will be one of those big-name scientist's soon. He covers everything in this book with his new theory that can be called loosely, The Efficient Computational Theory of Mind (ECToM). Must read."
"Expensive, but well worth the money. Neuroeconomics is the new field that converges many disciplines (psychology, philosophy of mind, neuroscience, behavioral economics and economics). A must read really. This new field gives added weight to the Homo Sociologicus theory, which is in contrast to the traditional Homo Economicus theory of economics."
"#2 - Collapse is similar to Living Within Limits. Diamond covers just a handful of societies that have collapsed throughout history. The point is to look at where they went wrong and see if we are making some of those mistakes today. He draws the conclusion that if we do not change our ways soon, then we will be facing a tough, tough future. A must read."