Here you can find a list of the books for History 221, Early Modern Europe, listed in the order in which we will read them. These are the recommended editions and translations, but some texts can be found in other editions or translations for less money. In particular, we will only be reading the first half of the textbook, Palmer and Colton's History of the Modern World, which used to be packaged as a two-volume set. If you buy a used copy of this old edition, you will save money. But buying cheaper editions of the other books may not be worth it--editors and translators do important work!