If they were left alone and not genetically manipulated, sheep would grow just enough wool to protect themselves from temperature extremes. The fleece provides them with effective insulation against both cold and heat.
Shearers are usually paid by volume, not by the hour, which encourages fast work without regard for the welfare of the sheep. One eyewitness said, "[T]he shearing shed must be one of the worst places in the world for cruelty to animals ... I have seen shearers punch sheep with their shears or their fists until the sheep's nose bled. I have seen sheep with half their faces shorn off ...."
In Australia, where more than 50 percent of the world's merino wool-which is used in products ranging from clothing to carpets-originates, lambs are forced to endure a gruesome procedure called "mulesing," in which huge chunks of skin are cut from the animals' backsides, often without any painkillers.
Within weeks of birth, lambs' ears are hole-punched, their tails are chopped off, and the males are castrated without painkillers. Male lambs are castrated when they are between 2 and 8 weeks old, either by making an incision and cutting their testicles out or with a rubber ring used to cut off blood supply-one of the most painful methods of castration possible. Every year, hundreds of lambs die before the age of 8 weeks from exposure or starvation, and mature sheep die every year from disease, lack of shelter, and neglect.
Some of the sheep who survive on the farms are then shipped to the Middle East on crowded multilevel ships. These live exports, which can last for weeks, go to countries where animal-welfare standards are non-existent. The suffering sheep are dragged off the ships, loaded onto trucks, and dragged by their ears and legs to slaughterhouses-which are often unregulated-where their throats are slit while they're still conscious.
No amount of fluff can hide the fact that anyone who buys wool supports a cruel and bloody industry. There are plenty of durable, stylish, and warm fabrics available that aren't made from wool or animal skins. Please join the millions of people all over the world who know that compassion is the fashion. Save a sheep-don't buy wool.
Read more: http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-f