When describing FDR's naiveté regarding Stalin, famed historian George Kennan wrote: "It was so far beneath the expectations of an American President that it sometimes bordered on absurdity and childishness." (Perhaps FDR mental impairment from brain cancer now helps account for this.)
FDR's Deadly Secret
Many now think Britain, France, & the U.S. had no business being in WWII & that Stalin entangled them like pawns in a masterful Machiavellian plan to subjugate Eastern & parts of Central Europe. And he couldn't have achieved that by fighting a two-front war with Germany & Japan (who were aligned in a joint defense pact). Stalin needed others to assist the Soviets to accomplish their aims.
Stalin always coveted the Manchurian region & jumped at the opportunity of claiming it as the spoils of war (despite the Atlantic Treaty). Within two days after America dropped its first atomic bomb on a near prostrate Japan, Stalin launched a surprise attack on it. During the operation (called August Storm) bloodthirsty, battle trained Soviet storm troopers swarmed & overran the Japanese army in a matter of weeks, handing it the greatest defeat it suffered during World War II.
The attack had been agreed to at the Yalta Conference, when Stalin at the request of FDR (although it would seem that Stalin planted the idea via his secret agents in FDR's government) agreed to cancel the Soviets' neutrality agreement with Japan and launch a sneak attack on it from the rear. During the Potsdam Conference in July 1945, Stalin confirmed his plans to launch a surprise attack on Japan.
The massive & savage Soviet offensive completely surprised the Japanese leadership and shocked them to the core. Stalin had led Japan to believe the Soviets were negotiating the terms of Japan's surrender with the allies.
The Soviet Command also had plans to invade the Japanese mainland.
The bravest & best of the Kwantung Army (600,000 of them) that weren't steamrolled by the Soviet tank corp were captured, loaded like cattle onto trains, & shipped off to slave camps deep in the bowels of the Soviet Union, where many died from the brutality of the conditions & the savage & unrestrained treatment they received at the hands of sadistic prison camp guards.
Plus, the surrender of some 600,000 of Japan's best soldiers completely dispels the myth that the Japanese would never surrender & would fight to the bitter end.
Examine all the facts leading up to war & you'll wish see the plan quite clearly, including the Soviet's delayed attack on Poland, England & France's declaration of war on Germany, but not the Soviets, & FDR's goading Japan into war.
Here are policy statements that came out of the First Conference at Quebec in 1943, attended by the U.S., Britain, & Canada: "Russia's post-war position in Europe will be a dominant one. With Germany crushed, there is no power in Europe to oppose her tremendous military forces. Since without question she will dominate Europe on the defeat of the Axis, it is even more essential to develop and maintain the most friendly relations with Russia."
"In politics, nothing happens by accident. If it happens, you can bet it was planned that way." ~ Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the U.S.
"How can we maneuver them [the Japanese] into the position of firing the first shot without allowing too much danger to ourselves." Diary of Henry L. Stimson, Secretary of War under FDR.
After Britain & France declared war on Germany in 1939, nearly 80% of Americans were opposed to America's involvement in yet another European war. Even the dullest U.S. politician in 1941 understood that the U.S. would not being willing to engage in another major war in the absence of unilateral aggression by a another country. While FDR talked of peace in public, he secretly instigated war.
See "Day of Deceit," by Robert Stinnett & "Operation Snow," by John Koster.
In the summer of 1941, FDR met with Churchill, & together, they crafted the Atlantic Charter. The Charter detailed the aims of the Allied powers concerning the war and their goals for the post-war world (similar to what the victors that crafted the Treaty of Versailles did). Under the Charter, Britain and U.S. would have an equal role in planning the post-war consequences for the vanquished.
Why would FDR help plan the goals for the war & the consequences for the losers unless he had plans to involve America in that war?
In September 1940, FDR cut off the export of iron and steel scrap to Japan. The effect of the United States policy was to cut off from Japan by the winter of 1940-41 the shipment of many strategic commodities, including arms, ammunition, and implements of war, aviation gasoline and many other petroleum products, machine tools, scrap iron, pig iron and steel manufactures, copper, lead, zinc, aluminum, and a variety of other commodities. . . . Nor was this all. These disastrous embargoes were supplemented by Washington's abrogation of the U.S.- Japanese Treaty of Commerce and Navigation which deprived Japan of "most favored nation" treatment in her remaining trade with the United States, and by the freezing of Japanese credits in this country. Among the most important consequences of these moves was the destruction of Japan's lucrative and vital silk trade with this country, upon the proceeds of which Japan largely depended for the financing of her imports.
America's Ambassador to Japan, Joseph C. Grew, told FDR on October 9, 1941, that "America's frozen-credit policy against Japan was driving it into national bankruptcy and unless the policy was relaxed, Japan would be forced to act." Grew had previously warned FDR that American foreign policy war was driving Japan inexorably towards war with the U.S.
FDR told his Cabinet that an oil embargo against Japan meant war, yet he imposed one anyway, forcing an oil-starved Japan (fearing an imminent attack by the U.S.) to seize the oil fields of the Dutch East Indies after those countries (at the behest of FDR) refused to supply Japan with oil, as well.
After Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, FDR emphasized in his famous "Day of Infamy" speech on December 8 that Japan's aggression against the U.S. on the previous day had been "totally unprovoked." As it turns out FDR had provoked Japan on numerous occasions, leading many in Japan to believe the U.S. intended to attack them. If FDR lied to the American people by saying America did not provoke Japan in any manner, what other lies did he tell to the American people? See "Backdoor to War," by Charles Tanstill; "Pearl Harbor: The Story of the Secret War," by George Mortgenstern; "President Roosevelt and the Coming of the War, 1941," by famed historian Charles Beard; & "F. D. R.'s undeclared war, 1939-1941," by T. R Fehrenbach.
In the Congressional investigations looking into the attack on Pearl Harbor, General Marshall was forced to make a series of damaging admissions under sharp questioning by Senator Homer Ferguson, among them was that the U.S. prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor had secretly initiated military agreements with the British and Dutch, directed against the Japanese, aimed at getting them to cut off Japan's oil supplies in Indochina.
U.S. Ambassador to Japan, Joseph C. Grew, revealed that FDR spurned Premier Konoye's sincere peace proposals, leading to Konoye's replacement by General Tojo, who pledged to do whatever was necessary to break the economic stranglehold America had put Japan in & then continuously & painfully squeezed since the summer of 1941. Tojo & others in Japan believed America had imperialist designs on Asia (similar to its conquests of Hawaii & the Philippines).
The sinking by the Japanese of an American gunboat, the Panay, which had been patrolling the Yangtze, precipitated an early crisis between America & Japan. Why did we have gunboats patrolling Chinese rivers? The Panay had been convoying oil tankers owned by the Standard Oil Company.
The U.S. foreign policy strategies prior to, during, & shortly after WW2 were some of the most inept & tragic in modern history.
Please read, "Asia for Asians," by Paula Harrell.
Churchill, Hitler, and "The Unnecessary War": How Britain Lost Its Empire and the West Lost the World
According to Josef Stalin, England provided the time, America provided the money & the diversion, but Russia did the heavy lifting.