2 of 4 people found the following review helpful
This review is from: Levels of Knowing and Existence: Studies in General Semantics (Paperback)Harry L. Weinberg provides invaluable contextual insights into understanding Alfred Korzybski's (1933) "Science And Sanity", discussing epistemological, ethical, aesthetic, etc., problems.
Weinberg connects Korzybski's (1933) non-elementalism (non-additive, structure-as-a-whole) to Gestalt emergence ("Whole is more than sum of parts"): 'additively', C contains only the characteristics present in 'A or B'; whereas non-additively, C emerges as a new structure, having unique characteristics.
As Weinberg asserts our mis-formulations result from an 'aristotelian' (Aristotle c. 350 B.C.) language structure ('logic'). 'Projecting' our values ("We create the world as we perceive it"): thing-ness having 'properties', false-to-facts dichotomous doctrines (relativist-absolutist, freewill-determinism, pleasure-plain, etc), etc.; upon which we further impose our moral judgements.
However instead of 'faithfully', following 'inferences', involving Cassius J. Keyser's (1922) "Logical Fate". If conscious of abstracting, revising our inferences involves differing semantic reactions of humans-as-a-whole-in-an-environment(s), resolvable via factual (Science) non-elementalistic contextual degrees. As revealed by Niels Bohr's (1927) Quantum Mechanics Complementary principle. For example color does not 'exist', but an abstracting from wavelengths upon our retina.
Similarly 'beauty', like 'emotions', involves gestalts formed by the observer.
Finally dispelling 'identity' ('sameness') illusions: "No two events are identical and there can never be any repetition of a given state of affairs because all measurements take place at a given time". Consequently coupled with Werner Heisenberg's (1927) Uncertainty principle, blows strict determinism ('certainty'), leading to non-elementalistic causality.
Weinberg asserts the experimental 'conditionality' of animals does not represent the human 'laws of learning', since symbol-using activity, can inevitably change any learned 'responses'. Advocating Wolfgang Kohler's (1925) insight instead of 'associative' learning.
Connecting Korzybski's (1933) extensionalizing (factual evaluating) to the non-verbal levels, to Zen Buddhism's Satori (as discussed by Daisetz T. Suzuki), enlightenment attained by insight into the dynamic, non-symbolic, 'reality'.
Providing a comparison between Korzybski's (1921)Time-binding with Abraham Maslow's (1954) theory of hierarchical needs.
Tracked by 1 customer
Sort: Oldest first | Newest first
Showing 1-1 of 1 posts in this discussion
Initial post: Dec 30, 2012 10:25:15 AM PST
Donald Scott says:
This a wonderfully considered review. It condenses and synthesises Weinberg's opus, doing it justice. Anyone new to his work may experience a new insight into the nature of things. And language.
‹ Previous 1 Next ›
(4 customer reviews)
Used & New from: $15.46