No, not as the camera is designed. A savvy electronics technician could rig an external power supply using disposable batteries (lithium or alkaline), but it would cost more than the camera, and really not be worth the trouble. Both Nikon and Canon make point-and-shoot cameras powered by AA alkalines, although none with an f/1.8 or f/2 lens.
This camera uses a rechargable battery pack (EN-EL12). It is about the size and shape of a book of matches. Also be aware the camera does not come with an external charger. The only way to charge the battery with the camera as purchased is with the battery in the camera via a wall charger or cable link to a computer. For this reason I purchased an external charger and an extra battery when I bought the camera.