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Addictions: A Banquet in the Grave: Finding Hope in the Power of the Gospel (Resources for Changing Lives) Paperback – November 1, 2001
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"One of the most helpful books providing practical theology on addictions. Welchs assessment of addictions as a problem that proceeds from the heart, involving issues of worship and idolatry, is central to helping people grow and change. This is vital reading for church leaders, and for friends and family desiring to help those struggling with addictions." --John Freeman, HARVEST USA
"Destroys the myth that addiction is a disease and sin is a sickness. Welch shows that the hopeless cycle of sickness, recovery, and relapse must be replaced with the biblical view of sin, salvation, and sanctification. As a pastor, biblical counselor, and redeemed (not recovering) ex-heroin addict, I believe Welch has given every pastor, parishioner, and anyone caught in the bondage of idolatry/addiction a biblical road map to lasting freedom." --Peter Garich, Dayspring Center for Biblical Counseling
"Biblically sound, practical, filled with Christ-like compassion. . . . This much-needed book offers real hope and the promise of victory in Jesus to those struggling with addiction." --Robert E. Emberger, Whosoever Gospel Mission
From the Publisher
A book on addictions written by a leader of the biblical counseling movement, informed by the author's wide experience in counseling people with addictions.
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The Dry Drunk
The book opens by describing what Welch calls a dry drunk. It is a man that he meets with who has managed to stay sober for a year now, through meetings, etc, but displays all the same thought patterns and habits that led him to drink in the first place. Welch describes the conversation as "Jim" complaining that God gave him this disease that he has to struggle with. He's frustrated that his church doesn't speak to his alcoholism more, and that his family doesn't understand his "fight." Although staying sober for a year has been a great victory, one feels uncertain as to if he might go back to it at any moment. Welch believes that just staying sober is not the true answer to alcoholism and other addictions, but addressing the heart issues that led to the drinking in the first place. To address that, Welch builds a theology of addiction from scripture.
Addiction is sin
Welch's first point is that the problem of addiction is the age-old problem of sin. Addiction is a very obvious, enslaving, and destructive type of sin, but it is still, at its root, sin, and not a disease. He draws some parallels between the sin of addiction and other types of sin. Addiction may be enslaving and deceptive, but so is pride, so is greed. When we sin, we are saying that God is not providing me with what I need to overcome my problems, He is not my help, I am going to find help for myself. (He defines an addiction as something that gives a mind and body-altering experience that is immediate.) It is a turning from God to something else in order to forget the past, punish yourself or others, avoid emotional pain, fill holes in one's self-image, manage emotions, prove to yourself that you can do what you want (no one can tell you what to do), keep loneliness at bay, etc. You believe that a substance will empower you to become your own God. You will save yourself through alcohol because no one else (God) is helping you. These are the beliefs that need to change for alcohol to lose its power.
Addiction is not a disease
Welch next explains that part of the reason why the disease model of addiction (and depression as well) have such a following, is that when one is caught in the clutches of sin, it feels like a disease that one is powerless to overcome. But this is true of all sin, not just addictions. John 8:34 says that sin is like a cruel taskmaster, sin victimizes and controls. Galations 1:6 says it captures and overtakes. Paul says in Romans 7:15 and 17 "I do what I do not want to do, but what I hate I do...As it is, it is no longer I myself who do it, but it is sin living in me." This is the human experience, that sin enslaves us. But a paradox that he points out is that all sin is voluntary slavery. The infection of sin has spread to our very heart so that we even desire sin and want it. Only Christ changes us from the inside out, breaking the bondage of sin and changing our heart to give us new desires.
What is addiction?
Here Welch gives his precise definition of addiction: "Addiction is bondage to the rule of a substance, activity, or state of mind, which them becomes the center of life, defending itself from the truth so that even bad consequences don't bring repentance, and leading to further estrangement from God." In summary, he then adds, think of addiction of a specific kind of sin that is both self-conscious disobedience and victimizing slavery.
Addict as victim
The victim aspect is real in the sense that Satan is like a razor blade hid in a slice of cake you are about to bite into. He is hiding behind the scenes of addictions. In Proverbs, when the young man walks into the house of the wayward woman, he thought he came for pleasure only, but he gets something extra from Satan: death. That is why the subtitle is "A Banquet in the Grave." It's from Proverbs 9:18: "But little do they know that the dead are there, that her guests are in the depths of the grave." The alcohol promises comfort from your sorrows and pain, in a sense, it promises life. But it delivers just the opposite.
The power behind Idols
But such it is with all idolatry, Welch argues. Idolatry is the unrelenting theme of the Old Testament, and the New Testament authors make it clear that although we no longer have statues, idolatry is still the core of our problems. Why are idols such an allure? Welch argues that the purpose of the idol is to use it to get what we want. We don't want to be ruled by the idol, we want to rule the idol. We have rejected God's rule. We want to rule and this idol will help us do that. We don't want to be ruled by alcohol, drugs, food, gambling. No, we want these things to give us what we want: good feelings, escape, a sense of control, or whatever our heart is craving. Idols, however, do not cooperate. They will control us while making us think all the while that we are in control. How do the idols control us so? Behind every idol lies the quiet presence of Satan, with his will to dominate and deceive. We are powerless to fight him when we are refusing God's strength.
The most destructive idols
So far, this applies to every human being. So what is the difference between idols that are satisfied with by a big paycheck, respect, power, and idols that are satisfied by mind-altering or physical sensations? The answer is that some idols hook our bodily passions and desires. Satan loves this arena because he has a special interest in exploiting the body's natural (and good) needs and desires and turning them into monsters. His purpose is to distort and oppose and malign and destroy all of God's purposes. Satan has special power over us when we two things work together against us: our heart is determined to find satisfaction apart from God and our physical body receives an immediate and gratifying pleasure. The idols of money and power destroy lives and lead us away from God, but they don't exert quite the same level of destruction and inordinate slavery as the bodily variety.
One addict writes:
"For the addict, dope is God. It is the supreme being, the Higher Power, in the junkie's life. He is subjugated to its will. He follows its commandments. The drug is the definition of happiness, and gives the meaning to love. Each shot of junk in his veins is a shot of divine love, and it makes the addict feel resplendent with the grace of God."
And yet, as scary as that sounds, the addict is deceived and will tell you he is in control and can stop anytime he wants.
This all sounds horribly gloomy but this is the reality of sin. Welch writes: "As a result of spiritual oppression, drug worshipper may be very intelligent, but they can be oblivious to the destruction and slavery associated with drug (alcohol) abuse. They need the power of God (1 Cor. 1:18), the message of Christ crucified and risen. Other therapies can offer sobriety, but only this good news is powerful enough to liberate the soul."
Scripture Speaks to Addictions
Other themes of scripture that speak to addiction are found in the Bible. Proverbs speaks of addiction when it talks of the human predicament of foolishness. Folly is characterized by thoughtless decisions to pursue a course that is briefly pleasurable but ultimately painful. The scripture speaks to addiction when it describes Satan as a prowling lion, waiting for someone to devour. At first glance, the beast is alcohol. But a close look reveals that enemy of our souls. Finally, although the disease model of addiction is flawed, scripture does use sickness as an analogy for sin. Sin is like sickness in that it is painful, it leads to death, it is absolutely tragic. But sin and therefore addiction are unlike a disease in that it is something we do and not unwittingly catch, we confess it rather than treat it, the disease is our hearts rather than our bodies, and only the forgiveness and cleansing found in the blood of the Great Physician is sufficient to bring thorough healing.
Chapter 4 describes the decent into addiction
People don't just become addicts one day; there are common steps that lead to it. Usually, the decent to addiction begins without fanfare. "Rather than a huge, noticeable leap of rebellion, addiction is marked by small steps of spiritual casualness or indifference, and a lack of sensitivity to right and wrong." Next, there comes a time when truth parts way with the addict's experience. The self-deception begins. They think of the idol more often while thinking that everything is fine. They can't see clearly enough to judge for something has begun to satisfy the desire of their hearts.
Next is the infatuation stage. At this point the relationship with the idol starts to ruin relationships and work, but reason does not reign and bad consequences are not enough. The addict may notice that things aren't really going that well, but everything bad becomes the fault of other people. Blame starts kicking into high gear.
Welch writes: "Drinkers begin to hide alcohol. Toilet tanks are a favorite place."
"When an addict is caught, excuses are masterful. They are offered immediately, without hesitation. They are bold, without averted eyes or a hint of "I just got found out." Inevitably, they will somehow make friends and loved ones feel guilty."
The next stage is love and betrayal where the addict now turns to alcohol as a treatment for everything. Welch writes:
"Whatever the emotion, the answer is found in the addictive behavior. It can vent anger, alleviate depression, temporarily quiet the emptiness of loss or failure, dilute guilt, and so on."
"If families are aware of the problem, they are preoccupied with it. The addiction dominates them. They hide car keys, drive around town looking for the drinker's car, and dilute the bottles of alcohol in the house."
"Family and friends will go through every emotion possible. Sometimes they feel like they are going crazy: "Maybe it is my problem after all." Other times they think everything is fine. They can feel angry, afraid, controlled, threatened, betrayed, jealous, and hopeless. Life has become unpredictable for them. They are never sure what is going to happen next. Unless they are skilled at turning to the Lord, learning how to cry out to Him, they will obsess about ways to curb the addictive behavior."
The final stage is Worship. "You used to offer the parts of your body in slavery to impurity and to ever-increasing wickedness." (Rom. 6:19 Again, the problem of addiction is the problem of sin.) The downward spiral has come to rest at slavery. The idol originally promised you freedom, to be at your disposal, to do your bidding. It promised life, camaraderie, and pleasure, but it has delivered slavery. In this stage nothing comes before alcohol. But to the dependant one, denial reigns to the point of self-deception. The addict has become a fool, without insight into the relationship between the drug and its consequences. And yet, the addict still feels guilty for hurting others, broken relationships, and rebelling against a Holy God. But the only way they know how to deal with that guilt is...(you guessed it) more alcohol. They see no other way out. Welch writes: "The grief of those who love addicts who descended deeply cannot be overstated."
This is as far as I have gotten in the book. But the rest of the book is about how God heals us from all sins, even addiction. Some upcoming chapters are: knowing the Lord, fearing the Lord, turning from lies, being part of the body, and more. I may write more, but the actual book is much better than my summary.
Addictions: A Banquet in the Grave by Edward T. Welch obviously employs the use of the word that I struggle to embrace. However, he too has reservations with the word. My suspicion is that our uneasiness with the word, "addiction" is very similar, if not identical.
Part I: Thinking Theologically
The author reluctantly uses the word "addiction." Ultimately, he links addictions to the sinful heart of human beings. Instead of suggesting that addictions are a result of sickness (which is the dominant model in the counseling world these days), the author identifies the core problem, namely - people desire a given substance over God. So idolatry drives the addict. Dr. Welch adds, "Addicts make choices to pursue their addiction."
In the bravest and most bold move in this work, the author makes an appeal to Luther's classic work, The Bondage of the Will. Luther rightly notes that the will is powerless apart from God's grace. Sin has the power to captivate and control sinners - and that it does. But Welch adds, "Sin feels exactly like a disease. It feels as if something outside ourselves has taken over." No wonder so many in the counseling community refer to addiction as a disease!
The author demonstrates how sin works on the human heart: "We are both hopelessly out of control and shrewdly calculating; victimized yet responsible. All sin is simultaneously pitiable slavery and overt rebelliousness or selfishness. This is a paradox to be sure, but one that is the very essence of all sinful habits. If you deny the out-of-control nature of all addictions, as some Christians have done, then you assume that everyone would have the power to change himself. Change would be easy. You would simply say, `Stop it.' There would never be a sense of helplessness or a desperate need for both redemption and power through Jesus. So this cannot be our position." Such thinking elevates this work to the top of the list and proves a helpful addition to the tool box of pastors and counselors.
Part II: Essential Theological Themes
Part two explores several avenues of change that pastors and counselors can pursue with people trapped in idolatry. The author includes several noteworthy sections that encourage people to know God, fear him, and turn from the lies that led them to the cesspool of sin.
Edward Welch makes a solid contribution that is of tremendous help. First, he offers biblical help to anyone who is struggling with sinful addictions. Second, he offers a treasure chest of resources for pastors and counselors who seek to reach out and encourage people trapped by sinful addictions. Addictions are never treated as unavoidable events in the life of a struggling sinner; rather these addictions are confronted as idolatrous behavior that can be broken by the power of Jesus and his saving gospel.
I found the book became better and better as I read through each chapter. Welch offers concrete suggestions, a biblical framework for understanding this endemic issue, and hope.