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The Annotated Pride and Prejudice Paperback – March 13, 2007

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Editorial Reviews

About the Author

Jane Austen (1775–1817) was born in Hampshire, England, where she spent most of her life. Though she received little recognition in her lifetime, she came to be regarded as one of the great masters of the English novel.

David M. Shapard is the author of The Annotated Pride and Prejudice, The Annotated Persuasion, The Annotated Sense and Sensibility, and The Annotated Emma. He graduated with a Ph.D. in European History from the University of California at Berkeley; his specialty was the eighteenth century. Since then he has taught at several colleges. He lives in upstate New York.

Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.

(Note: In the printed book, annotations appear on facing pages; here in the excerpt they can be found as footnotes at the end of the excerpt.)
Volume One
Chapter One
It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife. (1)
However little known the feelings or views of such a man may be on his first entering a neighbourhood, this truth is so well fixed in the minds of the surrounding families, that he is considered as the rightful property of some one or other of their daughters.
"My dear Mr. Bennet," said his lady (2) to him one day, "have you heard that Netherfield Park is let at last?" (3)
Mr. Bennet replied that he had not. (4)
"But it is," returned she; "for Mrs. Long has just been here, and she told me all about it."
Mr. Bennet made no answer.
"Do not you want to know who has taken it?" cried his wife impatiently.
"You want to tell me, and I have no objection to hearing it."
This was invitation enough.
"Why, my dear, you must know, Mrs. Long says that Netherfield is taken by a young man of large fortune from the north of England; that he came down on Monday in a chaise and four (5) to see the place, and was so much delighted with it, that he agreed with Mr. Morris immediately; that he is to take possession before Michaelmas, (6) and some of his servants are to be in the house by the end of next week." (7)
"What is his name?"
"Is he married or single?"
"Oh! single, my dear, to be sure! A single man of large fortune; four or five thousand a year. (8) What a fine thing for our girls!"
"How so? how can it affect them?"
"My dear Mr. Bennet," replied his wife, "how can you be so tiresome! You must know that I am thinking of his marrying one of them."
"Is that his design in settling here?"
"Design! nonsense, how can you talk so! But it is very likely that he may fall in love with one of them, and therefore you must visit him as soon as he comes."
"I see no occasion for that. You and the girls may go, or you may send them by themselves, which perhaps will be still better, for as you are as handsome as any of them, Mr. Bingley might like you the best of the party."
"My dear, you flatter me. I certainly have had my share of beauty, but I do not pretend to be any thing extraordinary now. When a woman has five grown up daughters, she ought to give over thinking of her own beauty."
"In such cases, a woman has not often much beauty to think_of."
"But, my dear, you must indeed go and see Mr. Bingley when he comes into the neighbourhood."
"It is more than I engage for, I assure you."
"But consider your daughters. Only think what an establishment (9) it would be for one of them. Sir William and Lady Lucas (10) are determined to go, merely on that account, for in general, you know, they visit no new comers. Indeed you must go, for it will be impossible for us to visit him if you do not." (11)
"You are over scrupulous, surely. I dare say Mr. Bingley will be very glad to see you; and I will send a few lines by you to assure him of my hearty consent to his marrying which ever he chuses of the girls; though I must throw in a good word for my little Lizzy."
"I desire you will do no such thing. Lizzy is not a bit better than the others; and I am sure she is not half so handsome as Jane, nor half so good humoured as Lydia. But you are always giving her the preference."
"They have none of them much to recommend them," replied he; "they are all silly and ignorant like other girls; but Lizzy has something more of quickness than her sisters." (12)
"Mr. Bennet, how can you abuse your own children in such a way? You take delight in vexing me. You have no compassion on my poor nerves." (13)
"You mistake me, my dear. I have a high respect for your nerves. They are my old friends. I have heard you mention them with consideration these twenty years at least."
"Ah! you do not know what I suffer."
"But I hope you will get over it, and live to see many young men of four thousand a year come into the neighbourhood."
"It will be no use to us, if twenty such should come since you will not visit them."
"Depend upon it, my dear, that when there are twenty, I will visit them all." (14)
Mr. Bennet was so odd a mixture of quick parts, (15) sarcastic humour, reserve, and caprice, that the experience of three and twenty years had been insufficient to make his wife understand his character. Her mind (16) was less difficult to develope. (17) She was a woman of mean understanding, (18) little information, (19) and uncertain temper. (20) When she was discontented, she fancied herself nervous. (21) The business of her life was to get her daughters married; its solace was visiting and news. (22)
Annotations – Chapter 1
1. The famous opening line, with wonderful economy, accomplishes two main purposes. It indicates the novel's central subject of marriage, along with the financial considerations usually involved in it. It also sets the tone of irony that will pervade the book, for in fact, as we immediately see, it is the single women in this society who are truly in want, or need, of a man of large fortune. The term "acknowledged" adds to this effect, for it suggests the possibility that this supposed truth about single men may be more valid in people's beliefs than in reality.
2. his lady: his wife.
3. Netherfield Park is the name for a home in the Bennets' neighborhood. It was common for houses, if grand enough, to be given a name, often with words such as park in them to indicate their attractive and rustic character.
It was not unusual for large houses to be rented out, for it cost a substantial amount of money to staff and maintain a grand home, and many landowners might find themselves unable to afford it. In Jane Austen's Persuasion the heroine's family, thanks to the father's extravagant spending habits, is forced to let their house and move into apartments in the resort city of Bath.
4. Until its concluding paragraph, the entire rest of the chapter consists of dialogue between Mr. and Mrs. Bennet. Dialogue occupies much of Jane Austen's novels, and presentation of character through dialogue is one of her fortes as a novelist. In this case, Mrs. Bennet's excitable exclamations and exaggerated phrasing reveal her flightiness and impetuousness, while Mr. Bennet's terseness and irony reveal his cool detachment.
5. chaise and four: chaise is a type of carriage; it seated three people, all facing forward, and was enclosed (see illustration on p. 397). Four refers to the number of horses pulling it. A chaise was a popular vehicle for long-distance travel, so it would be a logical one for someone coming from far away to use (in this case, as we find out later, it happens to be the carriage Mr. Bingley owns and uses regularly).
6. Michaelmas: September 29. It was one of the four days used to divide the year into quarters; the other three were Christmas, Lady Day (March 25), and Midsummer Day (June 24). The action of the novel, which is carefully worked out chronologically, will terminate around Michaelmas of the following year; most of Jane Austen's novels transpire over an approximate period of one year.
7. It was common for servants to precede their masters in order to prepare a house for the latter's arrival.
8. four or five thousand a year: his annual income in pounds. This is the way Jane Austen usually describes men's wealth; the income would normally come from the agricultural profits on land or from other property and invest-ments (in Bingley's case it turns out to be the latter). It is not easy to translate incomes of the time into today's money. By some calculations, the effects of inflation mean that a pound in Jane Austen's time has the same value as almost forty pounds today; if so, Bingley's income would be the equivalent of 150,000 to 200,000 a year in today's pounds (or around $250,000-$300,000 in current U.S. money). Altered economic condition, however, make estimates like this tricky: for example, goods tended to be much dearer at that time, in relative terms, while labor tended to be much cheaper. In addition, average incomes in this period, even when adjusted for inflation, were much lower than today, so Bingley's income represents a far sharper deviation from the prevailing norm than its current equivalent would be.
Another way to look at the issue is to note that in Sense and Sensibility a mother is able to support herself and three daughters in reasonable comfort in a nice home she has rented, and with a staff of three servants, on five hundred a year. Jane Austen herself lived most of her life on less than that. The Bennets themselves have an income of 2,000 a year (to which should be added a house and its contents). Hence Bingley, however one calculates it, is a truly rich man, which is why he is such a desirable matrimonial prospect.
Mrs. Bennet's statement about Bingley's income, uttered before he has even arrived, reveals the speed with which vital information about people could circulate. The principal means for this is local gossip, which plays a central role in this society. The gossip would be greatly assisted by the many servants in employment, for the servants in one household could tell its secrets to servants in other households, who could in turn tell their employers. This process is mentioned later in this novel, as it is in other Jane Austen novels, most notably in Emma.
9. establishment: marriage.
10. Sir William and Lady Lu...

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Product Details

  • Paperback: 739 pages
  • Publisher: Anchor Books; Reprint edition (March 13, 2007)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 9780307278104
  • ISBN-13: 978-0307278104
  • ASIN: 0307278107
  • Product Dimensions: 5.2 x 1.3 x 8 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.2 pounds
  • Average Customer Review: 4.7 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (134 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #203,758 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Customer Reviews

Top Customer Reviews

By C. J Jurek on August 2, 2004
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
Absolutely superior! It allows the reader to fully understand the snallest details of the novel that would otherwise be missed due to changes in the meaning of many words as well as the mannerisms and social structure of that time. If you have read Pride and Prejudice before and enjoyed it, you are in for a special treat. You will be amazed at how much more you will get from it by reading the annotations along with the novel. The layout is exceptional because the annotations are on the page opposite the corresponding page of the novel--no referring to the back of the book. The annotations flow with the novel. It is an exceptional work which I very highly recommend. A++++++++++
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Format: Hardcover
David Shapard clearly devoted huge amounts of time and energy to this heavily annotated edition, presenting a workmanlike job in defining less familiar terms (as well as some more familiar words) and customs from Austen's day. He also offers "Literary interpretations," most of which he admits are his personal "opinions." Some of them are rudimentary and even gratuitous. For example, his first note to vol. 3, ch. 18, relative to Darcy's telling Elizabeth that he admires her for "the liveliness of [her] mind" states that "Darcy has recognized the basic quality in Elizabeth's mind that is so opposed to his character. . . " (p. 693). Elizabeth makes this point back in 3:8 (p. 564); thus, 3:18 n. 1 is unnecessary, as it repeats what the heroine already said. Shapard might have even cross-referenced this.

But my real concern about this edition is the editor's failure to cite sources. This is true of both the Introduction and the notes, themselves. At times, this failure to acknowledge the work of others made me cringe. FYI: I am a tenured Professor of English (PhD in 18th-c. British Lit) and a U of CO President's Teaching Scholar; I do not speak on behalf of this institution in this review.

Here's a cringe-worthy example: I am looking at vol. 1, ch. 14, n. 30, referring to Austen's having Mr. Collins select Fordyce's Sermons to read aloud to the Bennet sisters--a reading that Lydia Bennet soon interrupts. Note 30 states that Austen's choice of "Fordyce may . . . be a subtle reference . . . to . . . The Rivals," a play by Sheridan. The editor then explains how Fordyce and Lydia Languish, a character in the play, connect to Austen's scene and the novel's Lydia Bennet. A non-academic reader will be duly impressed with Shapard's broad and deep knowledge of 18th-c. comedy.
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I have read other Jane Austen books that David Shapard has edited and annotated and I have loved them, and this book does not disappoint. The edition of Emma that he annotated was truly spectacular and is probably my favorite of all the Austen novels. This edition of Pride and Prejudice is just as wonderful. The annotations are clear, concise and add depth to the story and the characters. The layout is wonderful as it presents the text on one side and the corresponding annotations are presented on the opposite page. This eliminates a lot of flipping between pages to find the annotation. I have found that these editions have deepened my enjoyment and understanding of the novels as well as the time period in which they take place and were written. I would recommend this book, along with the others that Shapard has worked on, to both those new to Jane Austen and long time readers. I hope he works on annotated edition of her other novels as well!
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For those of us who are Pride and Prejudice addicts, this is a perfect book. The format couldn't be better--each page of text has a facing page of notes. The notes, some with illustrations, cover every conceivable detail--archaic word usages,
carriages and horses, modes of dress, dances, courtesies and restrictions,
economic issues, even the difference between the militia and the regular army. I did glean for the first time, because of this book, that the Bennets lived at a higher standard of luxury than most of their neighbors, and were the prominent people, next to the Lucases, in their immediate neighborhood. The financial prospects of the daughters were dismal, but their contemporary living standard was quite good. The recent P & P film with Keira Knightley, godawful imo in many ways, showed them living practically alongside their farm animals. But that's a different review.
If you thought there was nothing else you could glean from P & P, you might be pleasantly surprised or enlightened by this book. Plus, for a true Janeite, another reason to re-read this book will never go amiss.
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Format: Hardcover
This is a good edition of Pride and Prejudice, but the annotations vary from very good to very annoying. It is obviously written for an American audience, since it explains words whose American meaning obviously deviate from standard English, but which do not really need explanation. Sometimes, it omits the meanings of a rare word. Often, I felt, the explanation of a word's meaning was not correct. It can also be very annoying - for example, the numerous times that the annotator needs to tell us that "town" meant "London", or how "afternoon" is calculated. This habit of repeating information occurs for other words / phrases, and seems to be a means of filling up the page. On the other hand, some of the explanations of customs are wonderful. The introduction is extremely good, and well worth reading before and after reading the text once again. I'm glad I bought the book, but I wish that the annotator had done a lot more editorial work on it.
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