- Series: Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology
- Hardcover: 592 pages
- Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company; 1 edition (September 17, 2012)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0393705315
- ISBN-13: 978-0393705317
- Product Dimensions: 6.6 x 1.7 x 9.6 inches
- Shipping Weight: 2.4 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: 4.8 out of 5 stars See all reviews (48 customer reviews)
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #40,215 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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The Archaeology of Mind: Neuroevolutionary Origins of Human Emotions (Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology) 1st Edition
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“Eloquently written, this brilliant text firmly incorporates laboratory animal research, as well as neuroscientific human studies, to plumb the recesses of the mammalian brain to expound our understanding of human emotionality. . . . This body of work reveals how basic mammalian emotions are shared amongst mammalian species, debunking the illusion of the uniqueness of human emotional experiences while aiding in our understanding of emotions, psychopathologies, and treatment capabilities.” (New Jersey Psychologist)
“Without any sense of exaggeration, this is a revolutionary book. The implications of its understanding of human nature are profound and they open the possibility of a new way of looking at ourselves – and other animals – that is solidly based on scientific method. . . . The Archaeology of Mind is required reading for anyone who wants an in-depth understanding of the affective core that we all share, and that is central to who we are.” (The APPPAH Newsletter)
“[O]ffers a very valuable updating of an essential, richly researched neuroscientific perspective on our emotional lives.” (Society of Analytical Psychology (UK))
“[A] successful overview of the affective systems . . . . [O]f interest not only to basic scientists interested in preclinical modeling but also to clinicians and clinical researchers interested in the neurobiology of addiction, emotional disorders, and novel pharmacological and psychosocial interventions.” (Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease)
“[W]ill appeal to anyone who seeks to understand the origins of our emotions and the mechanisms that tie our affective experiences to our behaviors. Clinicians and psychotherapists are an obvious potential audience. Panksepp and Biven . . . contend that an affective neuroscience perspective has a lot to offer to psychiatric research and practice. . . . [T]his text is accessible to a host of researchers trained in that theoretical tradition, including, but not limited to, the rapidly growing community of evolutionary psychologists across diverse academic disciplines. . . . [W]ould be appropriate reading for an advanced undergraduate course or a graduate seminar across the many disciplines that are now adopting neuroscientific methods of inquiry to study human psychology and behavior.” (PsycCritiques)
“Integrative, judicious, creative, welcoming of divergent perspectives, and very accessible, this is a grand synthesis and should be part of every library. . . . Essential. ” (CHOICE)
“[A]n exhaustive work, covering a neglected and often misunderstood field . . . . Nowhere else will you really find due diligence done on the non-conscious biases of humans and animals . . . . [E]ssential reading, not only to us as mind professionals, but to teachers, parents, personal and physical trainers and coaches. Emotions are still everything, and vital to understanding why we are what we are, and why we do and have done, everything in the past and now. An amazing buy.” (Metapsychology Online Reviews)
“The book will be of special interest to psychiatrists and other mental health professionals, but it is also accessible to students, parents, educators, and animal behaviorists. ” (Book News Inc.)
“This is a highly original and exciting book. The vital distinction between eager anticipation and straightforward pleasure is only one among many of its important findings. The implications for clinical assessment and treatment, especially with depressed and cut-off patients, are profound.” (Anne Alvarez, PhD MACP, Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist, Tavistock Clinic, London)
“Panksepp’s perspective on the continuity of animal and human minds has not received the attention it deserves. Here are the collected facts and the reasoning behind that compelling view. An indispensable volume. ” (Antonio Damasio, author, Self Comes to Mind; David Dornsife Professor of Neuroscience and Director, Brain and Creativity Institute, University of Southern California)
“Immensely learned, consistently lucid, and truly groundbreaking. This book repeatedly elicited my ‘ahhhh, yes.’ For Panksepp and Biven, understanding the evolution of the brain holds the key to solving large-scale mysteries about how the brain works. Thus, they draw upon detailed comparisons of the behavior and functional anatomy in mammals, from rodents to humans. The upshot is a profoundly insightful theory, especially as it explains the complex relation between the subcortical platform of motivations, emotions, and automatic responses, and the evolutionary newcomer―the cortex― whose sophisticated contribution to control, evaluation and knowledge emerges as the brain learns and develops into maturity.” (Patricia Smith Churchland, Professor Emerita, University of California, San Diego)
“Jaak Panksepp is the most important theorist of mental life that I have read since Freud. The impact of his scientific contributions will be felt for decades to come. His findings―so lucidly introduced in this accessible book with Lucy Biven―herald a new Golden Age. They are almost bound to place 21st-century psychiatry on a whole new foundation. In these pages, the supposed chasm between mind and brain disappears before your eyes, the veil is lifted, and new vistas appear before you. These vistas are the future of the science of the mind.” (Mark Solms, editor of Freud’s Complete Works)
“This book has the capacity to integrate affective neuroscience into the consciousness of not only therapists, but also those interested in understanding depth motivation that sustains or pathologizes our every action and thought. It is a truly pioneering effort. Its deep truths about the origins of mind and feeling, and the implications for altering how we see ourselves over evolutionary time, connected to our fellow social mammals and birds, also has implications for how we treat our fellow travelers on this planet.” (Stuart Brown, MD, Founder and President, The National Institute for Play)
About the Author
Jaak Panksepp, PhD, is the Baily Endowed Chair of Animal Well-Being Science at Washington State University's College of Veterinary Medicine, emeritus Distinguished Professor in the Department of Psychology at Bowling Green State University, and the Head of Northwestern University's Falk Center for Molecular Therapeutics.
Lucy Biven trained at the Anna Freud Centre in London, and has served as Head of the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy at the Leicestershire National Health Service in England. She is currently a reader for the Journal of Neuropsychoanalysis.
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Top Customer Reviews
"How does it come to pass that the material processes of the brain beget a mind, a `me'?" (p. 392) In what might be considered an attempt to identify neural correlates of consciousness, Panksepp argues that neuroscience can best answer this question, not from the traditional top down (examining the neurocortex, i.e, cognition) but nontraditionally from the bottom up (medial brain-stem regions, i.e. affect): Panksepp, Affective Neuroscience, 1998).
Panksepp argues for a primary process of the mind, a "Simple Ego-type Life Form (SELF),"-- the coherent center of gravity for internal organismic visceral-affective and external sensory-motor representations." (p. 390)., which he calls Dual-Aspect [visceral/sensory] Monism [Brain, subcortical and cortical].
Panksepp also refers to the embodied "core-SELF, " or primary-process self, "a primordial representation the body, especially the visceral body, within the brain" as the "foundation for affective `being" and the emergence of the higher [neocortical] mental apparatus" p. 390.
While Descartes's "cogito ergo sum" only confirmed the existence of thinking, which is a disembodied form of higher consciousness" he only "implicitly accepted that the existence of consciousness, along with a coherent and stable set of autobiographical memories, implied the existence of a self." (p. 421)
Panksepp asserts that "midline systems in the brain, which give all mammals a universal (nomothetic) core SELF, [and] can support various renditions of the self (idiographic forms) in other regions of the brain related to higher information processing." "The self initially evolved as a homologous nomothetic core SELF which helps the rest of the brain elaborate more idiographic forms of self-hood."
"Primary-process emotional systems play a pivotal role in the functioning of the core SELF." "Affects are created when midline systems assume distinct types of neuronal firing patterns when the various emotional networks [the seven identified] are aroused." "Primary-process affects always evaluate the internal and external world in relation to the survival of the individual, and the species . . . and are [thus] `active' information-seeking creatures." (p. 421)
So Panksepp is founding neural correlates of consciousness in the SCMS (subcortical, affective) and only secondarily in the CMS (cortical, cognitive).
Therefore, in accordance with his dual-aspect monism, "subcortical midline emotional systems (SCMS) concurrently generate various behavioral physiological, and affective emotional manifestations through a coherent integrated system for SELF representation." (p. 422)
The most important emotion is SEEKING, which I call the "desire/acquire" circuit in the brain. When we see, hear, taste, or experience something new, different, and interesting, lower brain functions wake us up and release dopamine, one of the main pleasure neurochemicals in the brain. This gives rise to consciousness (activity in specific parts of our frontal lobe) in all mammals, and perhaps even for birds and reptiles. Humans have larger frontal lobes, thus we have a wider range of conscious choices. This consciousness gives rise to secondary emotions that are more diverse than the primary emotions of SEEKING, CARING, FEAR, ANGER, LUST, PLAY/JOY and SADNESS, which Panksepp has meticulously mapped out in terms of brain structures, functions, and neurochemicals.
The most surprising emotion he documents is PLAY, without which animals and humans would not be able to develop cooperative social behavior and empathy. Fear, anger, and sadness have made it into popular literature with 50% accuracy, but SEEKING and PLAY have not been talked about much. SEEKING motivates us to take action, and PLAY gives us the skills to build thriving relationships with others. His summary of the nature of consciousness is brilliant, but be forewarned: there's a lot of scholarly material and academic research discussed here. But if you are a therapist, a teacher, or a person who wants to understand how our emotional biology creates our world of consciousness, this book will arouse your precuneus and blow your mind (or should I say dorsolateral prefrontal cortex).
I'd place Panksepp as one of the 10 most important neuroscientists of the century.