- File Size: 5761 KB
- Print Length: 183 pages
- Publisher: Princeton University Press (October 1, 2019)
- Publication Date: October 1, 2019
- Sold by: Amazon.com Services LLC
- Language: English
- ASIN: B07R4C6W6L
- Text-to-Speech: Enabled
- Word Wise: Enabled
- Lending: Not Enabled
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #458,239 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
|Digital List Price:||$24.95|
|Print List Price:||$24.95|
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Artificial You: AI and the Future of Your Mind Kindle Edition
|Length: 183 pages||Word Wise: Enabled||Enhanced Typesetting: Enabled|
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“One of Forbes’ Must-Read Brain Books of 2019”
“Packed with material that enlightens new ways of thinking about a hot topic. . . . a philosophical tour with real-world implications and it’ll appeal most to readers who enjoy playing out scenarios. . . . One of the benefits of learning about AI is better understanding the human mind, and this book—while challenging—offers an accessible, enjoyable intro for both.”—David DiSalvo, Forbes
“Schneider is a sure-footed and witty guide to slippery ethical terrain. Her exposition of the consciousness problem is laced with helpful examples. It pries clarity from the essential opacity of its central concepts, most important consciousness itself. And it is refreshingly candid.”—Aziz Huq, Washington Post
“[A] demanding dialogue between philosophy and science.”—Andrew Robinson, Nature
“[A] well-reasoned and thoughtful discussion about the need for AI researchers and policymakers to place more emphasis on the question of consciousness.”—Martin De Saulles, Times Higher Education
“This is a fun, provocative, thoughtful and interesting book to read. . . . As we rush, almost unthinkingly into an AI enhanced world this is a book that is well worth reading.”—Simon Cocking, Irish Tech News
“This riveting book is both entertaining and profound: it presents a humane perspective on AI, a topic that has attracted too much naive hype and scaremongering. Classic philosophical problems of the self, the mind, and consciousness will soon—through transformative advances in AI—become crucial to practical ethics and individual choices. Schneider offers sophisticated insights on what is perhaps the number one long-term challenge confronting humanity.”—Martin Rees, author of On the Future: Prospects for Humanity
“Is artificial consciousness possible? Could you become an AI? Would you still be you? Schneider makes a vivid and compelling case that the future of humanity may depend on the answers to these philosophical questions. Artificial You is brimming with useful tools for thinking about the mind and its future.”—David J. Chalmers, author of The Conscious Mind: In Search of a Fundamental Theory
“A fascinating exploration of human-level AI and brain enhancement, combined with a passionate argument for the importance of philosophy in understanding what on earth we are doing when we pursue these lines of research.”—Stuart Russell, author of Human Compatible: Artificial Intelligence and the Problem of Control
“What does it take to have a mind and be a conscious being? Could AI have a mind? Could it have a conscious mind? Might the best plan be for us to merge with our best AIs? Artificial You is a smart, bite-sized tour de force of the state of play in philosophy and science. Before you request your next mind design upgrade, read this book.”—Andy Clark, author of Surfing Uncertainty: Prediction, Action, and the Embodied Mind
“As we stride eagerly into a near-future realm populated by augmented humans and artificial intelligence, Schneider probes the minefield ahead, posing stark choices that humanity will face.”—David Brin, Hugo award–winning author of Existence and The Transparent Society
“AI, metaphysics, and the future of life in the universe—Schneider writes about the biggest issues of our time with an engagingly light touch, and enviable insight and clarity. Highly recommended.”—Huw Price, academic director of the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence and co-founder of the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk
“This timely and exciting book explores issues at the intersection of philosophy of mind and philosophy of technology. Cautiously optimistic about transhumanism and conscious artificial intelligence, Schneider articulates an interesting, coherent perspective. I know of no other book that combines such a high level of quality and accessibility on these topics. Artificial You is terrific.”—Eric Schwitzgebel, The Splintered Mind blog and author of Perplexities of Consciousness
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I'm not going to compare them at length, but I just read Life 3.0 which also goes in the same topics. Artificial You is a lot shorter and more readable. But there were definitely some concepts worth reading about in both books.
SF fans will see many parallels of the concepts to new and older books. For example, the issue of duplication is covered in an interesting way in Kiln People, by David Brin. Interstellar Probes with uploaded minds are covered in some of Charles Stross' work, and he also has AIs based on human uploads. We are legion by Dennis E. Taylor also goes into interstellar probes and mind duplication.
I do disagree with some of it (for example, there is much talk about how future brain enhancements may in fact be killing you with another self being created, which may or may not be conscious), but the author's views on it are still well thought off.
I guess we (or future humans) will see. I suspect the general way humanity will see this will be much more pragmatic than most of the approaches of the book.
The first part of the book argues for the importance of figuring out how to determine if an AI system is conscious. Advocating for attention on this question seems to be a "hobby horse" of hers lately, and for good reason. The most interesting thing she discusses is questions you could ask a robot to find out if it is conscious - the artificial consciousness test or "ACT" test. Another interesting idea is replacing parts of the brain with "chips" and then seeing if consciousness is disrupted, to isolate the parts of the brain that are responsible.
The later part of the book focuses more on problems she sees with mind uploading - in particular the fact that a one-to-one copy of a brain, but using chips instead of neurons, would not be the same person (essentially the teleporter problem). I found the debate she discusses about "identity" to be largely semantic. She introduces "patternism", a term coined by Kurzweil and a slight modification she calls "modified patternism", which essentially says that the mind is an instantiation of a certain algorithm, not the algorithm itself, which is an abstract entity. It appears a lot of this part of the book comes from a 2008 paper of hers, which may provide a more concise and detailed summary to those who are interested in learning about it.
The tragic case of Kim Suozzi, a young girl who was diagnosed with terminal brain cancer, provides a grounding for some of the discussion about personal identify and if it can be preserved even if the brain is radically enhanced or if the "software" of the brain is transferred to a computer. Suozzi was interested in pursuing a career in neuroscience and decided to have her brain cryopreserved. Some chilling details about her case that I was not aware of were discussed, such as the fact that part of her cryopreservation didn't go so well.
In summary, I wasn't terribly enthralled with this book, but that's probably because I've been immersed in the debates about consciousness and personal identity for a while (going back to a philosophy course I took in 2006-2007). I would recommend this book to newcomers to these issues over Annaka Harris's book "Conscious", however, since Schneider provides a more thorough treatment. There were a few interesting ideas however, so I consider it a worthwhile read/listen.