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A Brief History of Liberty 1st Edition

4.8 out of 5 stars 4 customer reviews
ISBN-13: 978-1405170796
ISBN-10: 1405170794
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Editorial Reviews


"Although the book has a strongly classical liberal flavour, it also contains some interesting discussion of positive liberty. For one thing, Schmidtz and Brennan argue that the progress of negative liberty in western societies has massively expanded almost everyone's range of real options. For another, they suggest that this greater (negative and positive) external freedom can open the way to a greater internal or psychological" freedom". (The Philosophers' Magazine, 13 August 2010)

"Its brevity and simplicity is perhaps understandable, given the historical focus and ambitious scope of the book, and the authors' evident desire to get the light, entertaining and up-beat narrative moving." (The Philosopher's Magazine, August 2010)"The book weaves together a number of figures in social, political, philosophical, economic, and even psychological theory, in a way not commonly found, and it does so rather effectively." (Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, September 05, 2010)

"Schmidtz and Brennan offer their readers insights into the freedom debate by following it through the broad sweep of Western history...[A Brief History of Liberty]... comprehensive notes and bibliographies and...deserve[s] to be taken seriously by those with an interest in liberty." (The Philosopher, summer 2010)

From the Back Cover

Liberty is a lofty concept. But what exactly is liberty? What kind of value does it have? What institutions best promote and protect the forms of liberty that are worth wanting? And what are the specific benefits and dangers inherent in so-called free societies?
Using a fusion of philosophical, social scientific, and historical methods, A Brief History of Liberty offers a succinct survey of pivotal moments in the evolution of personal freedom, drawing on key historical figures from John Knox and Martin Luther to Karl Marx and Adam Smith to Roger Williams and Thurgood Marshall.  The authors examine how past (if incomplete) successes in the struggle for liberty have led many of us to liberty's "last frontier": internal psychological obstacles to our being as autonomous as we would like to be.  Readers are encouraged to reflect on their own concepts of personal freedom -- what it is, where it comes from, why they have it, and what it has done for them. 

Stimulating and thought-provoking, A Brief History of Liberty offers readers a philosophically-informed portrait of the elusive nature of one of our most cherished ideals.


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Product Details

  • Paperback: 280 pages
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell; 1 edition (February 8, 2010)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1405170794
  • ISBN-13: 978-1405170796
  • Product Dimensions: 5.5 x 0.6 x 8.6 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 12.8 ounces (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 4.8 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (4 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #1,231,292 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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Top Customer Reviews

Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
I enjoyed this book. It is indeed brief, with 6 official chapters, although there is a long introduction that amounts to a 7th. The introduction discusses the meanings the word "freedom" can carry and the difficulty of defining it in a widely agreed sense. Particularly, they discuss the difference between "negative" freedom and "positive" freedom although those terms themselves being abstractions they do not seem to me to make the matter much clearer. They note that freedom can mean one thing in the context of an individual and another in the case of a people or nation (sovereignty). They concentrate on the former. They also note that they will discuss the idea as it evolved in Western civilization because it is what they are familiar with, This discussion was interesting and reasonably brief.

Each chapter has a thesis stated at the beginning and a list of questions at the end, I guess for classroom or reading group discussion. There are many endnotes at the end of each chapter and they are very interesting. There is a rich bibliography that would take a lifetime to study.

Chapter 1, "Prehistory" covers 40,000 years of history in 25 pages. The main thesis, stated at the beginning, is that trade and commerce have led to freedom. It focuses on ancient Greece and the Roman empire.

Chapter 2 "Rule of Law" covers the development of the rule of law from the Dark Ages to the 17th century, The thesis is that the rule of law enabled trade and commerce which led to greater freedom. I must say that I reached a different conclusion based on this chapter, that freedom for a wide number of people in a society depends on laws curtailing the freedom of the most powerful in that society.
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Format: Paperback
This is a great little book. By looking at a series of about a half dozen epochs, the authors generalize about liberty and the various obstacles (physical/anthropological, social, history, psychological) it has had to overcome, over the centuries. (Indeed, as they start in human prehistory, one could speak of the obstacles liberty had to overcome over the millennia.)

The authors write well and clearly. They are learned without being pedantic. They provide a fair bit of information that surely most general readers are already going to know (e.g., Luther was born here; the civil rights movement was about this), but one can put up with that because the ratio of thoughtfulness to "known facts" is so high. They are certainly to be commended for getting their points across concisely and interestingly: the book could easily have been twice as long, but they obviously strove to keep the verbiage down. And yet there are numerous insights in every chapter. So, if you want to know something about liberty, and are prepared to read a well written work that combines insights from economics, political thought, philosophy and psychology -- though especially the first two of these -- then you will be pleased with this book. And better informed once you've read it.
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Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase
There is a choice in the ways to chart the history of liberty. One is to track the writers and thought leaders over time and reflect on their content and their influence. Examples include Henry Hazlitt's The Free Man's Library, and George H. Smith's The System Of Liberty. Schmidtz's approach is different - he attempts to track the evolution of freedom's boundaries. He begins with the rule of law, and how it emerged from Feudalism and Magna Carta, then religious liberty, then economic freedom, then civil liberties, and he concludes with "psychological freedom" (the weakest and most speculative chapter). Overall, a nice opportunity to think about liberty - where we are now and where we came from. He's not very good on the erosion of liberty by today's bureaucratic state, because he is eager to present a narrative of progress, not regression. Nevertheless, it is well researched, well presented, and gives the reader an opportunity to refresh one's reading list.
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Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
This book is fantastic! I underlined a few sentences on nearly every pages of the first few chapters. I was especially fascinated by the first chapter: A Pre-history of Liberty.

All great except the last chapter on psychological freedom didn't meet my expectations.
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