I was taught in college that the Egyptians feasred the seas. The climate of Egypt made travel the length of the kingdom easy. If you wanted to sail north you let the current take with oarsmen pushing you faster, and going south you raised the sail and that pushed south, this made the Egyptians spoiled and since the open sea could be unpredictable tyhey didn't like the Mediterranean or Red Sea, but valuable commodities demanded they sail on the open sea. But in recent years as this DVD showed has brought into doubt this idea. THe voyage of the Expeditiuon to Punt was the first hint that that fear might not be true. Then the discovery of a ship dating to Khufu's time along with. the rope and tackle changed still more minds that the Egyptian might have done actual sailing experience. This program tells about how vessels were were put together and their were. seaworthy .
I saw this on TV and bought it for my class. It's a great example of experiemental archaeology brought to the public. I actually bought this to show my class, as I thought it would be a great way to get young adults interested in how archaeology can be used outside of academia. It's also a very fun show as well as having interesing information.
A shipbuilder family follows the designs carved in stone by Hatsheput and construct a wood ship. The pieces were carved like pieces to a puzzle and fit together. The ship builder used the wood dimensions of the of the pharaohs boat. The ship was submerged in the water to swell the wood, but it still leaked. Researchers found ancient linen and concluded linen was used to plug the cracks, anciently. The linen worked. The ship was worth. Next, a one ton mass was raised by human power and set into place. A square sail stabilized the round boat and it sailed easily to Punt. Home made rope was attached to the sail and connected to the mass through metal rings. Two large oars acted as a rudder gliding the boat through the water. The pharaoh ship was more than a religious artifact for travel through the underworld. The ship was capable of long distance navigation.
The next voyage should be to sail the ship from the Red sea to the Americas using known wind currents and complete the circuit by sail back to Egypt from the Americas. The Large Square sails were also used on the massive Chinese Junks that sail PreColumbian to the Americas. 1434, Menzies should join in the research and use Chinese and Greek navigation to attempt the epic voyage.