A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order New Ed Edition
Use the Amazon App to scan ISBNs and compare prices.
Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required.
To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number.
Frequently bought together
About the Author
- Publisher : Pluto Press; New Ed edition (October 6, 2004)
- Language : English
- Paperback : 312 pages
- ISBN-10 : 074532309X
- ISBN-13 : 978-0745323091
- Item Weight : 12.9 ounces
- Dimensions : 5.39 x 0.71 x 8.51 inches
- Best Sellers Rank: #2,311,779 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
- Customer Reviews:
Top reviews from the United States
There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later.
HINT: Germany was developing oil when Britain was still kicking around with coal-burning ships.
HINT: All competing powers sought stakes in the Middle East, esp Brits, focusing on concessions and treaties in Kuwait and Iran,
HINT: Austria-Germany had developed a "Berlin-Baghdad Pipeline" which was really a railroad from Baghdad through Mosul and on to Germany. Germany got concessions to build it except for the last link: Serbia. They were blocked from industrial competition by squeezing off this oil route. Also, this was location where "anarchists" murdered the Archduke, which was the spark that started World War One.
I had heard that the Iraq War was "a continuation of World War One and Two". Yep, same territories involved in both.
MUCH MORE to the story. Fascinating.
1. The first world war was caused by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
2. Hitler was chosen by the German people.
3. The oil crisis of 1973 was produced by Arabs.
4. The Third World debt crisis of the `80s was produced by Third World leaders spending way too much.
5. The current presence of the US-army in Afghanistan and Iraq has something to do with terrorists hiding over there, weapons of mass destruction, dictators, human rights, democracy, etc. (It's hard to follow what the reasons officially are, since they change continuously.)
Forget it. Briefly summarized, the five above mentioned events are explained by the author to have happened as followed :
1. The first world war was in fact the first *Gulf War*. Germany was a rising economic power, rivaling the British Empire. They were a step away of building a railroad to Baghdad. That would have permitted the German Reich surpassing the British Empire in economic and military power.
2. Hitler was chosen by Wall Street first, before the German people could do likewise. Wall Street thought that it would be easier to have a strong dictator - instead of a democratic government - to put the burden on the people to pay off the reparations debts of the first world war. On top of that, the British Empire thought they could play the German Empire against the Russian Empire, and have them bleed one another to death. Not everything went following the original scenario...
3. After uncoupling the dollar from gold in 1971, a new standard was introduced : the oil standard. But the price of oil was too low. And the dollar was considered by Europe ready for devaluation. Wall Street chose another strategy : lifting the price of oil. Who won by the oil crisis of 1973 ? Everybody lost, except : (1) Exxon, becoming the largest corporation of the US, surpassing General Motors, and (2) the Wall Street banks. (Do you really think some small and military underdeveloped countries could change the world economy in this way without US approval ?)
4. Wall Street became rich with petrodollars, and then went on to lend those dollars to the Third World. Volcker lifted the interest rates in the `80s up to 20 %. The Third World went nearly bankrupt. Remember Mexico 1982. Who is to blame ? Mexico, or Volcker ?
5. Peak oil was the real motive for the US-army taking possession of the second largest oil reserves in the world. 9/11 was the pretext needed to make that happen... A complementary reason is that the US army is now setting up the stage for the next global arms race. By invading Afghanistan, a neighbor of China and Russia, the US is driving up once again the pressure on those countries.
This is a very important book. It radically changed my view of the events of the last century.
One major revelation for me was that WWI was instigated by the British who saw Germany as an industrial powerhouse that would challenge the British Empire. Germany was one of the most advanced countries and was investing heavily on capital ships and its merchant marine fleet. Oil was just becoming the strategic fuel for the Dreadnoughts and other ships as it packed more energy per ton than coal. Germany was constructing the Baghdad to Berlin railroad that would give Germany an overland route to the oil fields of the Middle East safely out of reach from the powerful British Navy. Of course, this railway had to traverse the Balkans and we all know what role the Balkans played in starting WWI. Engdahl shows why the British army had so many more troops in the Middle East than in Europe during the war. The whole book is a revelation. Engdahl lifts the fog and connects the dots of the events that became the history of the 20th century, showing the important behind the curtain view of geopolitics. For example :
The War debt of WWI gives Wall Street a chance to rival the City of London and leads to the Anglo-American Alliance
The occupation of the Ruhr, Weimar hyper inflation, and the rise of Hitler
The Bretton Woods Agreement
The Downfall of Iran's Mogadishu and the Shaw after him
The DeGaulle threat and Sterling Crisis
1970's Oil Shock
Bilderberg Meeting in 1973 at Salsjobaden
Discredit of nuclear power
Fall of USSR
What happen in Yugoslavia - The Balkans War and the Caspian Sea
Iraq War 1 & 2
9/11 and Terrorism
As I said this book is concise, so it only touches on the above subjects; however, the above list is no way all inclusive. Reading this book will provide you with an insider's view of the real history of the 20th century. I highly recommend all of Engdahl's works .
If you like this work you might want to read the following:
Tragedy & Hope: A History of the World in Our Time
The Seven Sisters: The great oil companies & the world they shaped
The Berlin-Baghdad Express: The Ottoman Empire and Germany's Bid for World Power
Top reviews from other countries
"And if all others accepted the lie which the Party imposed – if all records told the same tale – then the lie passed into history and became truth. "Who controls the past," ran the Party slogan, "controls the future: who controls the present controls the past." And yet the past, though of its nature alterable, never had been altered. Whatever was true now was true from everlasting to everlasting. It was quite simple. All that was needed was an unending series of victories over your own memory. "Reality control," they called it: in Newspeak, "doublethink" (Orwell - 1984)
W. Engdahl explains the all importance of oil in world domination, and more specifically its geopolitical, military, economic and financial impact.
Oil became for the first time an important raw material during World War I, when air, mobile tank and swifter naval warfare held the upper hand.
After WW I the British sought to secure their petroleum supplies, by creating the League of Nations, which was only a facade of international legitimacy to a naked imperial seizure of territory.
British imperial power was based on 3 pillars: control of world sea-lines, of world banking and finance and of strategic raw materials. Through its free trade policy (liberalism) it tried to preserve and to serve the interests of an exclusive private power: a tiny number of bankers and institutions of the City of London.
Its hegemony was attacked and replaced by the US after WW II, confirmed by the Bretton-Woods Agreements with the creation of the IMF and the World bank.
The new hegemon was (and is ) built on 2 pillars: military power and the dollar, but those pillars are fundamentally intertwined with one commodity: petroleum, the basis of the world economy's growth engine.
10 % of the Marshall aid to Europe after WW II served to buy US oil. The big US oil companies asked top dollars for their exports and obtained also that the aid could not be used to build refineries.
The Vietnam war constituted a massive diversion of the US industry into the production of defense goods (pillar 1).
The first oil shock of 1973 made the US banks the giants of world banking and the oil companies the giants of world industry: 'The artificial oil price inflation was a manipulation of the world economy of such a hideous dimension that it created an unprecedented transfer of the wealth of the entire world into the hands of a tiny minority. It was no less than a global world taxation through petrodollars.' (pillar 2, confirmed by Sheikh Zaki Yamani).
The oil companies also took the 'blossom of the nuclear rose'.
A cardinal goal of US foreign and military policy is control of every major existing and potential oil source. Such control would permit it to decide who gets how much energy and at what price: 'a true weapon of mass destruction'.
William Engdahl's brilliant but frightening analysis puts in the same framework Iraq, the Balkan wars, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergency of the oligarchs, the financial crises across Asia, the civil wars in Africa, the IMF and World bank policies, the fall of the Shah (after the collapse of the negotiations with BP), as well as the murders or 'accidental' deaths of W. Rathenau, I. Krueger, E. Mattei, J. Ponto and A. Moro.
At the start of the new millenium, the US has a near monopoly on military technology and might, commands the world's reserve currency and is able to control the assets of much of the industrial world. It fights for a near monopoly on future energy resources; in other words, for 'full spectrum dominance'.
William Engdahl has written an eye opening, fascinating but extremely dark book.
A must read.