- File Size: 4069 KB
- Print Length: 1845 pages
- Publisher: HarperOne (June 30, 2009)
- Publication Date: July 14, 2009
- Sold by: HarperCollins Publishers
- Language: English
- ASIN: B000SEGDFY
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The Collected Letters of C.S. Lewis, Volume 3: Narnia, Cambridge, and Joy, 1950 - 1963 Kindle Edition
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About the Author
Clive Staples Lewis (1898-1963) was one of the intellectual giants of the twentieth century and arguably one of the most influential writers of his day. He was a Fellow and Tutor in English Literature at Oxford University until 1954, when he was unanimously elected to the Chair of Medieval and Renaissance Literature at Cambridge University, a position he held until his retirement. He wrote more than thirty books, allowing him to reach a vast audience, and his works continue to attract thousands of new readers every year. His most distinguished and popular accomplishments include Out of the Silent Planet, The Great Divorce, The Screwtape Letters, and the universally acknowledged classics The Chronicles of Narnia. To date, the Narnia books have sold over 100 million copies and have been transformed into three major motion pictures.
Clive Staples Lewis (1898-1963) fue uno de los intelectuales más importantes del siglo veinte y podría decirse que fue el escritor cristiano más influyente de su tiempo. Fue profesor particular de literatura inglesa y miembro de la junta de gobierno en la Universidad Oxford hasta 1954, cuando fue nombrado profesor de literatura medieval y renacentista en la Universidad Cambridge, cargo que desempeñó hasta que se jubiló. Sus contribuciones a la crítica literaria, literatura infantil, literatura fantástica y teología popular le trajeron fama y aclamación a nivel internacional. C. S. Lewis escribió más de treinta libros, lo cual le permitió alcanzar una enorme audiencia, y sus obras aún atraen a miles de nuevos lectores cada año. Sus más distinguidas y populares obras incluyen Las Crónicas de Narnia, Los Cuatro Amores, Cartas del Diablo a Su Sobrino y Mero Cristianismo.--This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
From The Washington Post
Then he began having nightmares about lions.
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, which was written quickly and published in 1950, became an enduring success. "I don't know where the Lion came from or why he came," Lewis wrote later. "But once He was there He pulled the whole story together, and soon He pulled the six other Narnian stories in after him."
Some of the era's most magical children's literature and science fiction came from the pen of this unprepossessing professor of medieval and Renaissance literature; modern Christianity's most approachable and eloquent apologias were articulated by this former atheist. Yet despite international fame, to all external appearances, he led an uneventful, bookish life.
This last volume of his Collected Letters covers not only the Narnia novels but his brief marriage to the divorced American writer Joy Davidman; his major work of criticism, English Literature in the Sixteenth Century; and the overdue professional recognition he won when he was granted an endowed chair at Cambridge after years of snubs at Oxford, where he remained a lowly, overworked tutor.
Editor and friend Walter Hooper calls him "one of the last great letter-writers" -- the last of a generation who did not lift a telephone receiver when he had something to say or tap out e-mails on a computer keyboard. Some of the recipients richly merited his ink: the detective novelist, theologian and Dante translator Dorothy L. Sayers; St. Giovanni Calabria of Verona (correspondence in Latin); T.S. Eliot; the sci-fi maestro Arthur C. Clarke; and the American writer Robert Penn Warren. In these letters, Lewis swaps quips in Latin and Greek and quotes Spenser, Statius, Beowulf, Horace, Wordsworth, Terence and Augustus. Other letters were from cranks, whiners and down-and-out charity cases; he answered them all.
"The pen has become to me what the oar is to a galley slave," he wrote of the disciplined torture of writing letters for hours every day. He complained about the deterioration of his handwriting, the rheumatism in his right hand and the winter cold numbing his fingers. In the era of the ballpoint, he used a nib pen dipped in ink every four or five words.
The letters undermine the myth of a scholarly bachelor idyll. The enemies of peace were in his own household -- especially Janie Moore, the mother of a fellow soldier killed in World War I, sometimes referred to as his "mother" and by Warren as a "horrid old woman." "Strictly between ourselves," Lewis wrote to a friend, "I have lived most of it (that is now over) in a house wh. was hardly ever at peace for 24 hours, amidst senseless wranglings, lyings, backbitings, follies, and scares," he wrote. "I never went home without a feeling of terror as to what appalling situation might have developed in my absence. Only now that it is over (tho' a different trouble has taken its place) do I begin to realize quite how bad it was." His brother Warren's chronic drunkenness was the "different trouble." Oxford was no refuge; when Lewis assumed the Cambridge post, it ended "nearly thirty years of the tutorial grind," exhausting donkey-work that regularly burned 14 hours a day.
He summarized the net result: "I am a hard, cold, black man inside and in my life have not wept enough." That problem, at least, was soon to be solved -- taking us to the biggest riddle of his life. Lewis's romance, immortalized in the movie "Shadowlands," is touted as one of the great love stories of the century. But as we read it in real time, Lewis more resembles a schoolboy who doesn't want to be seen walking home with a girl.
It's not at all clear why. Joy Davidman had been a Yale Younger Poet, cherry-picked by Auden, and held a master's degree from Columbia. Even Lewis's biographer and chum George Sayer, otherwise hostile to Davidman, describes her as an attractive, "amusingly abrasive New Yorker." Yet Lewis, in letters, had clumsily referred to her as "queer," "ex-communist, Jewess-by-race, convertite."
Under her influence, Lewis wrote his finest novel, Till We Have Faces. Yet he worried that the quotation on the title page -- Shakespeare's "Love is too young to know what conscience is" -- might be too close to the dedication. "Otherwise, though the lady would not, the public might, think they had some highly embarrassing relation to each other." Embarrassing? Like their wedding a week before, on April 23, 1956?
Davidman was diagnosed with cancer that summer, and Lewis finally 'fessed up with a wedding announcement the following Christmas. "You will not think anything wrong is going to happen," Lewis wrote to Dorothy Sayers. "Certain problems do not arise between a dying woman and an elderly man." Problems? Like sex? At times, he seemed to pass the marriage off as an act of charity.
In a sense it was -- but not in the way others guessed. Although many have impugned the motives of Davidman, the reason is revealed in a footnote: Lewis confided to his friend Sheldon Vanauken that he had married "to prevent the Government deporting her to America as a communist." She had been a prominent party member, and the congressional red scare was in full swing when she fled the United States.
Yet within a few months, Lewis was writing to Sayers, "My heart is breaking and I was never so happy before: at any rate there is more in life than I knew about." And elsewhere: "We are crazily in love."
A miraculous three-year remission ensued, providing the most blissful episode of Lewis's later life. Davidman died in 1960. Lewis followed on Nov. 22, 1963, the day President Kennedy was shot.
A humdrum life? Hardly. But most will read these letters for more than Lewis's life story. Through the triumphs and anguish, the frustrations and bereavement, Lewis's letters unspool his spiritual autobiography.
It's time to reclaim Lewis from the religious right, which has made of him an unlikely champion. The same audience would, perhaps, find it hard to square its adulation with his genuine curiosity about Hinduism, his love of The Iliad, his endorsement of Zoroastrianism as "one of the finest of the Pagan religions," and his eagerness to see more recognition for the Persian epic The Shahnameh. They might be more surprised that he supported his elder stepson's eventual entrance into a yeshiva. Lewis's religion was nuanced. He didn't believe in word-for-word inerrancy of the Bible, saying that too few "know by the smell . . . the difference in myth, in legend, and a bit of primitive reportage."
In any case, Lewis's wry, erudite, often spiritually profound letters are too good to be co-opted. He could be a bit of a prig, but his inner life is no dusty relic, irrelevant to our world today. In fact, in an era of New Age fuzziness, his mental clarity refreshes.
Reviewed by Cynthia L. Haven
Copyright 2007, The Washington Post. All Rights Reserved. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
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Yes, there are times when, for example, letters of thanks for parcels of ham (during the rationing after The War) start to sort of run together. But I found something interesting in every letter, and many, many moments of insight into his thought and life that are exclusive to these letters.
I'm not sure how to predict the appeal of this collection for a casual Lewis fan. A lot depended, for me, on knowing a good deal about Lewis's life and work already (though plenty is instantly accessible as well). I would say it's primarily for the fan who has read much or most of Lewis's books. But people mean two different things when they say a work is "more for the established fan than the newcomer" and so on. They might mean that the work isn't very good but a firmly entrenched fan will enjoy it anyway... the way a Humphrey Bogart fan will get a kick out of "Beat the Devil," whereas nonfans judging it strictly as a film may find it taxing.
But alternately, they might mean that only a firmly entrenched fan will be able to thoroughly access and experience this very good work - that the advantage of being an insider is especially big. That's what I mean here If you've read the apologetics, the autobiography, the major fictions, and especially if you've also read the literary essays, you're the reader for whom this collection will be a great prize. Happy reading.
Only thing a bit annoying is never knowing what significance to him the people are to whom he writes, nor where they live. Obviously many lived in the USA and sent care packages (food rationing still severe in Great Britain). Wonderful window on his life. I heartily recommend it for anyone who likes C.S. Lewis and any of his written work.
That aside, this is obviously an essential book for those interested in Lewis's life and work.
A must-read for all Lewis fans. A highly suggested read for those who want the man behind Aslan.
Top international reviews
First, we owe an enormous debt to the editors who put this together. They have provided information and insight into a number of letter recipients, some known, some less so, who have been influential in different ways in Lewis' thought. The letters are not only rather exhaustive, but also informative regarding Lewis' circle of friends and acquaintances.
Second, you get a glimpse of Lewis' thinking throughout the letters, especially those intended for correspondents who had questions or who provided ideas or erroneous information regarding matters of thought or faith. Several letters are intended for people who are fairly hard core atheists, others for some who asked questions and seemed to be genuinely seeking plausible answers. Finally some others to editors, friends or other people who knew something of Lewis' projects and plans. In a very real sense, if you are able to keep track of names and sequences of letters as you read, you get a real glimpse into the progress and change in Lewis' ideas.
Third, there are some very personal matters that are discussed and one can't help but be moved by some of the issues that are addressed in Lewis' correspondence. Some deal with American readers who supplied the Lewis household with a steady flow of victuals while the rest of England faced post war rationing. Others were more personal. One particular letter is addressed to JRR Tolkien after publication of The Lord of the Rings. In it, Lewis elicits memories of their time during the war, discussing projects and writing, in a way that very much testified to Lewis' longing for the friendship that was a part of those days. And one also gets a feel for Lewis' happiness at his friend's work finally getting out, which is significant in light of knowledge that Tolkien and Lewis had somewhat had some difficulty during this time. So the letters give insight into personal issues, issues that impinge on everyday life and, while not at the heart of stories, certainly informs the reader into some of the challenges that were there for Lewis.
Finally, one can't help but be impressed by the perseverance Lewis showed in keeping this correspondence. These were not emails, but hand-written notes and letters intended to keep communication channels open with all kinds of people. We currently live in a time where you can send the same note to a slew of people all at the same time and forget about it in the following minute. While it is clear that Lewis wrote quickly, it was clear that he was thinking about each note he sent and, consequently, each correspondent. It was another time, with different ideas about what it meant to write someone a note.
Interesting insight into the life of a well loved author.