Note: Each chapter ends with Conclusions, a Summary, Key Names and Terms, and Suggested Readings. 1. Introduction Why Study the History of Psychology? Thoughts About History Where Do We Start? Some of Psychology's Recurring Issues Organization of the Book About Psychology and Science 2. Precursors to Psychology in Ancient Greece The Golden Age of Greece Philosophy in the Golden Age Medicine in the Golden Age and Beyond Connections Questions 3. The Roman Period and the Middle Ages Philosophical and Theological Thought During the Roman Period The Rise of Christianity Christianity, Islam, and Jewish Philosophy of the Medieval Era Christian Philosophy in the Later Middle Ages Medieval Science Before the Renaissance Universities in the Middle Ages Connections Questions 4. The Renaissance and Early Modern Philosophers The Renaissance The Early Modern Philosophers Connections Questions 5. Empiricism, Associationism, Positivism, and Common-Sense Psychology British Empiricism British Associationism French Empiricism Positivism The Scottish School Connections Questions 6. Continental Philosophies: Rationalism, Romanticism, and Existentialism Rationalism Romanticism Existentialism Connections Questions 7. Physiological Influences on the Development of Psychology Review of Early Speculation Electricity and Nerve Function Localization of Function Psychophysics Connections Questions 8. The Origins of Modern Scientific Psychology in Germany Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt and Voluntarism Edward Bradford Titchener and Structuralism Franz Brentano and Act Psychology Carl Stumpf Edmund Husserl Hermann Ebbinghaus Georg Elias Muller Oswald Kulpe Connections Questions 9. Darwin's Influence Pre-Darwinian Evolution Charles Robert Darwin Francis Galton Connections Questions 10. Early American Psychology Early Philosophy and Psychology in America William James Mary Whiton Calkins Hugo Munsterberg Granville Stanley Hall Early Studies of Gender Differences: The Work of Leta Stetter Hollingworth James McKeen Cattell James Mark Baldwin Connections Questions 11. Functionalism John Dewey James Rowland Angell Harvey A. Carr Robert Sessions Woodworth Edward Lee Thorndike Women in American's First School Connections Questions 12. Animal Psychology and Early Behaviorism Animal Psychology Objective Psychology in Russia John Broadus Watson Connections Questions 13. Neobehaviorism Edwin Ray Guthrie Edward Chace Tolman Clark Leonard Hull Hull's Students and Associates B. F. Skinner Ecological Psychology Connections Questions 14. Gestalt Psychology Founding Gestalt Psychology: The Phi Phenomenon Gestalt Psychology's Antecedents Gestalt Psychology's Triumvirate Principles of Gestalt Psychology Kurt Lewin Lesser-Known Gestalt Psychologists Gestalt Psychology's Influence Connections Questions 15. Psychoanalysis Early Treatment of the Mentally Ill Hypnosis Existential Precursors to Freud Sigmund Freud Neo-Freudians Connections Questions 16. Mind and Brain: Clinical Psychology Meets Neuroscience Existential and Humanistic Approaches to Clinical Psychology Recent Advances in Psychotherapy Neuropsychology Connections Questions 17. Applied Psychology Intelligence Testing Psychometrics Social Psychology Industrial Psychology Connections Questions 18. The Cognitive "Revolution" Forerunners to the Cognitive Revolution Noam Chomsky Jerome Bruner and George Miller Classical Contributions Connections Questions
About the Author
B. Michael Thorne (Ph.D. Louisiana State University, 1969) is Professor Emeritus of psychology at Mississippi State University. He is a specialist in physiological and comparative psychology and a longtime instructor of the history of psychology. He has published 68 research articles and hundreds of articles on his hobby, coin collecting, as well as several short stories.
Tracy B. Henley (Ph.D. University of Tennessee, 1989) is professor and Head at Texas A&M University, Commerce. He holds advanced degrees in both psychology and philosophy, and has published research primarily in cognitive science and the history of psychology. In addition, he has also co-authored books on both William James and phenomenological methods.