- Paperback: 469 pages
- Publisher: RTB Press; 2nd expanded edition edition (September 1, 2015)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 1886653119
- ISBN-13: 978-1886653115
- Package Dimensions: 8.9 x 6 x 0.8 inches
- Shipping Weight: 1.2 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: 4.7 out of 5 stars See all reviews (29 customer reviews)
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #230,939 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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Who Was Adam? A Creation Model Approach to the Origin of Humanity Paperback – September 1, 2015
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Top Customer Reviews
I am in total agreement with all the conclusions and model described by Dr. Fuz Rana with the one exception that he seemed to casually accept that Neanderthal interbreeeding with humans could have occurred. Yet he failed to rigorously explore other alternative explanations for the DNA similarities with non-African human DNA. This unchallenged acceptance of Neanderthal/human interbreeding follows the evolutionist propaganda line, but it creates both theological/cultural/fecundity issues that are basically too severe to go unnoticed. I hope that in his next revision that he will clear up this one final untidy issue.
Contrary to popular-level religious treatments of human origins that are often unduly dismissive of evolutionary claims, Who Was Adam? is a thoughtful and balanced discourse that takes the broad scope of scientific data seriously. In the most invitational of tones, it implicitly contends (in the form of a question, no less) that man is more than the mere outworking of a naturalistic evolutionary process that didn’t have him in mind—indeed, he is the very crown of creation. Nevertheless, being scientists themselves, the authors recognize that if a biblical creation theory has any hope of success among cutting-edge researchers, “it must me be framed in the form of a scientifically testable model that can be scrutinized.” Consequently, young-earth creationists will be dismayed, and likely offended, as it flatly rejects a recent creation timeline: “Clearly, any stance that regards the universe and Earth as merely 6,000 to 10,000 years old lacks scientific credibility.” Nevertheless, this work is not an indictment of young-earth creationism any more than it is an anti-evolutionary treatise; rather, it aims at making a positive case for the biblical creation account by presenting a scientifically-testable model—specifically, the RTB model—that best explains the accepted data from anthropology to zoology and every related discipline in between.
It embarks on this task in 28 chapters, of which the first 15 comprise the original 2005 release of the book (with only minor editorial changes), while the latter 13 reflect the expanded and updated version that tests the RTB model in light of findings accumulated throughout the intervening years. After all, as its authors observe, science itself is a “never-ending cycle of testing, revision, and testing—again and again.” To that end, Ross and Rana interact with such issues as the most recent dating conclusions for modern humans, the latest hominid fossil finds (the quantity of which “boggles the mind” ), as well as new molecular data concerning Neanderthals, including the human-Neanderthal interbreeding problem. An added human element also resonates throughout this work in the form of excerpts from Shakespeare which introduce each chapter in a unique and thought-provoking way.
Among the many predictions that the RTB model makes, three are especially significant in light of their accuracy and apparent necessity for a biblical accounting of origins. Specifically, it predicts a single origin for humanity, in or near the Middle East, from which subsequent rapid migratory patterns should be observed. It turns out that these predictions are what the genetic and fossil evidence strongly support; incidentally, this is also what an out-of-Africa model of human origins entails. Readers will learn that the prevailing (out-of-Africa) model for human origins was not in vogue with scientists until the 1990s, when it supplanted the reigning multiregional hypothesis. However, in light of numerous data from multiple disciplines, including molecular anthropology, paleoanthropology and archaeology, a major shift occurred in origins studies which provided tremendous impetus for biblical origins modelling.
Of additional interest are two more RTB predictions: (1) modern humans should display unique behaviors compared to other creatures (including hominids), and (2) such behavior should appear suddenly and coincidingly with the occurrence of modern humans in the fossil record. In fact, both predictions are indeed strong in light of recent discoveries. Specifically, symbolic behavior, such as sophisticated cave art in South Africa (e.g., Blombos, Sibudu, Pinnacle Point, and Diepkloof Rock Shelter) emerges approximately 70,000 years ago, while additional studies indicate symbolic behavior even earlier; for example, jewelry in Israel and Algeria are dated at approximately 100,000 to 135,000 years ago. Furthermore, research by anthropologists such as John Shea suggest that the earliest fully modern humans possessed these sophisticated symbolic capacities from the outset and that theories which entail a gradual emergence of sophistication should be rejected. Accordingly, given the current conventional dating of mitochondrial Eve and Y-chromosomal Adam between approximately 100,000 and 150,000 years ago in East Africa, the RTB model lands these two very important predictions.
As one might suspect, however, rarely can scientific predictions and discoveries be expected to align in the complete absence of discordance, and RTB’s model is no exception, as the dates outlined in the book’s first edition pointed to a later emergence of symbolic thought in Europe around 40,000 years ago (with a presumed date of humanity’s origin between 10,000 to 100,000 years ago). However, as new data surrounding mitochondrial Eve became available, humanity’s origin was estimated between 100,000 to 150,000 years ago. As outlined above, the revised RTB model made corrections on the basis of those dates in correspondence with the observations cited herein. While hypercritical skeptics might regard this as a weakness of the model, a more judicious appraisal recognizes that the recurring process of prediction, testing and correction is what serious modelling looks like. Also, as the authors rightly observe, predictions are not prophecy, but rather constitute an outflowing of the model’s tenets. Following from said updates, one may infer that the robustness of the RTB model is evident in its ability to accommodate these new findings in a non-ad hoc manner.
Of course, there is considerably more for curious readers to learn and engage with that has not been addressed in this brief review. Nevertheless, given the significance of the origins issue and the well-developed presentation that this book offers, it is highly recommended for anyone interested in evaluating how the data of nature correspond with a biblical accounting of origins from an old-earth creationist perspective. Along those lines, it would also be suitable for a scientifically-minded friend or acquaintance who doubts, or is merely unaware of the fact that any kind of viable creation model is even possible. After all, it was for purposes such as these that Who Was Adam? was written and Reasons to Believe exists: to demonstrate that sound reason and scientific research consistently support confidence in the truth of the Bible and faith in the personal, transcendent God revealed in both Scripture and nature.
I would recommend this book for all the doubting Thomases out there.
It appears that many of faith will rather continue to trust the Bible and 6 days of creation, since the data of science appear to shift with every new discovery. Better to trust God whose Word never changes than in compromises that must be adjusted to account for limited observations of times and places that no man has seen, that could very likely be shown some day soon once again to be in error.
Most Recent Customer Reviews
Ten years ago Dr. Hugh Ross and Dr. Fazale Rana of Reasons to Believe released their book "Who Was Adam?Read more