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Doing Without Adam and Eve: Sociobiology and Original Sin (Theology & the Sciences) Paperback – April 11, 2001
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From the Publisher
Who are Adam and Eve? Christians everywhere know them as the primordial pair who ate the forbidden fruit and caused the corruption of human nature from which we all suffer, even though Jesus redeemed us. Adam and Eve brought evil into the world.
But suppose, as many Christians now do, that Adam and Eve are irrelevant symbolic figures in an imaginary garden rather than the cause of all our woe. Suppose further that the idea of "the fall" from grace is not in Scripture? Does this destroy Christian theology? This book says no. This book says that doing without Adam and Eve while drawing on sociobiology improves Christian theology and helps us understand the origin and persistence of our own sinfulness.
My curiosity about Christianity and sin began early. By the age of five, I had reached the confused conclusion that the members of the church I attended hated people, and I was afraid of them. Why I thought so is a mystery, although my fears probably had something to do with my parents unhappiness with the church. Soon, my religious life brightened, for my parents joined the Episcopal Church. The Episcopal Book of Common Prayer is filled with human humility and joy and Gods forgiveness and charity. The church also has a lot of music and pageantry. I fell in love.
I entered high school at eighth grade, with a new library to explore. Almost immediately, I read up on world religions. Right then I decided I would never know which religion was the true one, if there were a true one. Conservatively I decided to remain an Episcopalian unless I saw reason to change. I continued as an Episcopalian for another thirty years.
Two or three years after my decision, I became convinced that, because plants, animals, and people have evolved, the Genesis creation narratives are myths. My religious faith was unmoved by my new insight. My earlier skepticism about true religion served me well. Later, as a graduate student in philosophy, I fell in love with the theory of evolution and became a philosopher of science, specializing in philosophy of biology. That is, I became an expert on the theory of evolution. I concentrated on evolutionary ethics and sociobiology. I published academic articles on sociobiology and ethics and coedited a book with Robert Wesson entitled Evolution and Human Values (1995).
Before entering graduate school in philosophy, I had explored everything the Episcopal Church offers. I participated in its services; read its history, poetry, and mystical traditions; studied its liturgy, theology, and creeds; engaged in critical examination of the Bible; attended Episcopal seminary; and investigated joining an Episcopal convent. At one time, I thought I had lost my belief in God. Later, I discovered I had not lost what was central: my experience of Gods continuing presence and my belief in Gods goodness and forgiveness.
Shortly before Evolution and Human Values appeared, the academic quarterly Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science published an article by Michael Ruse entitled "Evolutionary Theory and Christian Ethics" (Ruse 1994). Various essays accompanied his, mostly supporting his position. His claim was that Christianity and evolutionary ethics are irreconcilable. His article and those accompanying it seemed so wrongheaded I had to respond. Two years later Zygon published my reply as "Christianity and Evolutionary Ethics: Sketch toward a Reconciliation" (Williams 1996a). I considered turning my article into a book uniting Christianity and science, and I developed a proposal. Just as I completed it, I received a letter from Rem B. Edwards, Lindsay Young Professor of Philosophy at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, with whom I was unacquainted, praising my article, saying his graduate students found it fruitful, and encouraging me to write a book. This is the book.
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Top Customer Reviews
I did find myself unable to claim it as a reliable reference for my graduate theology paper due to some blatant and fundamental misunderstandings of Catholic teaching. I am grateful, at least, that these errors emerged within the first chapter, so I didn't waste valuable research time.
This book may well prove helpful if you are looking for an expert on sociobiology in light of a Christian account of human origins. If your paper relies on accurate portrayal of Roman Catholic theology, however (as mine does), then you are best off to inquire elsewhere.